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The Bushong United Website
Front Page

Welcome to the Bushong United Website, dedicated to the genealogy of the Colonial American Bushong family and the preservation of its heritage.

However here, you probably won't find the same genealogy for the earliest Bushong ancestors, that's been handed down from grandparents or even parents, and if you're not up to challenging old family-lore, then this site may not be for you. Because the Bushong United Website, differs with most of them and can prove virtually every Bushong in America is descended from the same line and the same man. That line is the Boschung family, who immigrated and re-immigrated to the American Colonies in five transatlantic crossings over a 30 some year period.

Here, in depth and meticulously researched articles, fully illustrated and footnoted, bring life and credibility to the earliest Bushongs and Boschungs. Then, based on thousands of facts and sources, the Bushong United Tree travels far beyond any other book, website, or genealogist. Over 100 years past. This Bushong tree, ascends at least four more generations, into Germany and ultimately, Switzerland and its beautiful Simmental alpine valley in the Bernese Oberland. If you read the articles and study the Bushong United Tree, you will understand, that's where the facts lead the history of the American Colonial Bushong. Otherwise, stick with family-lore, or some family genealogist and your Bushong tree ends where it is.

Rick Bushong

Any Bushong discussed here and thousands more, are charted in the Bushong United Family Tree at RootsWeb.
Note: these articles, images, and photographs will not be here, online, forever. If any of this information is relevant to your family, copy it, archive it, and back it up!

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The William Wilhelm Bushong
1837 Ohio Will and Estate
A Grandson of the Immigrants

Will, page one. my wife... one History of the Bible (in German)....

From, the William Wilhelm Bushong Will and Estate papers are now available on Bushong United. In the past, only bits and pieces had been seen or transcribed of William's estate papers, but now, the full set has been collected, and has its own page on Bushong United. It includes a complete transcription of his three page Will.

William Wilhelm Bushong was the son of John Bushong (V) and Elizabeth Sprenkel, and was born, December 16 1765, in York County, Pennsylvania. As a boy, he moved with his family, down to Shenandoah County, Virginia. In 1787, while in Virginia, William married Catharine Bartley. However, before 1807, at around forty years old, his family, along with some brothers and their families, migrated to Columbiana County, Ohio. William lived for thirty years in Columbiana, before he died October 26, 1837. William and Catharine had five children that lived to adulthood, and there are quite a few descendants, both living and passed.

It's ironic, but he declared himself in "perfect health" when he wrote his will, but less than six weeks later, he died. To read more, William's Estate Papers can be seen by clicking here, from the Featured Article column or the Articles Page.

Collect them for your archives!

August 23, 2016
The Bushong Digital Library
Has a New Book
Prof. Rupp's History of Lancaster County

I'm pleased to be able to add a new book to the Bushong United Digital Reference Library...

Early Lancaster, click to enlarge
One of the illustrations, Early Lancaster (restored).

The History of Lancaster County : to which is prefixed a brief sketch of the early history of Pennsylvania by I. Daniel Rupp, Published 1844. It was some 172 year ago, when Prof. Rupp, wrote this book, that is discussed in the article below. Though it calls the Bushongs French Huguenots, it is still an excellent resource filled with great information about Lancaster, Pennsylvania and its people in the early years.
  To read the complete book: Click here
It will open in a new browser tab and can be read or saved to your computer. The PDF file is 27.9 MB and depending on your download speed will take a moment to open. To visit the Bushong Digital Library, click here.

August 16, 2016
Interpreting Bushong History
How can you tell what's true?

Click on photos to enlarge. Clicking a PDF will open in a new window.

These days, with the Bushong Family being so thoroughly documented and charted, it's fairly easy to create a family tree of your Bushong ancestors. Face it, with the digital information available, especially from, your Bushong line can be tracked back and verified, to family born maybe in the mid to late Eighteenth Century. From there at least with Bushong, there are transcribed church records available. That'll reliably take you back three more generations to the 1731 and 1732 immigrants, Hans and Nicholas Boschung. You don't even need, since it's all available publicly and ready to be compiled. Then with today's software, it's easy to make a tree and keep track of all those cousins.

But before you just accept the early Bushong genealogy and its history, imagine how much of it was forgotten? Thru the years and generations? So much that eventually little was known about these two immigrants who became Bushongs. It's no wonder that people began adding-on to and embellishing their Bushong ancestors. It's only natural to try and fill the voids but the results were that, more and more assumptions were needed to advance the historical narrative even a little bit.

Through assumptions, look what happens in the case of the immigrant, Nicholas. His son Andrew's life and existence had to just sort of fizzle out in the mid Eighteenth Century, and many thought he had died with no notice of his passing. He just disappeared. So most of us also assumed it must have been another Andrew who arrived in America in 1754, on the Ship Recovery. Then, it couldn't be proved (or even fathomed), that he had actually sailed back to Europe.

Next, consider Hans, who first was called a French Huguenot, and then Jean Beauchamp the French Huguenot. Some even believing him to be of Royal descent. All mistakes and assumptions. Yet the idea of the Beauchamp surname was something that caught on with virtually all American Bushongs. It's OK, I believed it, my parents believed it, and apparently, all the way back to my great great great grandparents, as well. But it was wrong. They were wrong. None of the Colonial Bushong ancestors were French. In fact there's not one single shred of evidence, that they ever lived in France, spoke French or called themselves by French first names, such as Jean or Pierre. There's no evidence that any of the early Boschungs were born anywhere but Germany and Switzerland. But with books, family, and genealogists all saying something different, how's a genealogist supposed to sort through it to get to the truth? Perhaps determining how the French Beauchamp story started would be a good place to begin, and it seems quite likely that this quote from an 1844 book is the source...

From an 1844 book.
*John Bushong, a French Huguenot, sailed in the same vessel with the Rev. Johannes Bartholomews Rieger. They left Rotterdam by way of Cowes, in the Ship Britannia of London, Michael Franklyn, Master, and arrived at Philadelphia in Sept. 1731. Some of Bushong's descendants reside in East Lampeter, near Heller's Church. Among others, who arrived in the same vessel, are the well known names of Beyer, Bock, Frey, Hiestand, Carl, Keyser, Kraft, Kobell, Lehman, Lutz, Nehs, Roth, Ruppert, Vogler, Schwartz, Weis, Wirtz, Seigmund, Weynand, Schroter, Bihlmeier, Mentz, Horsch, Boor, Bahn.— Col Rec. III. 431.
Rupp's 1844 History
Read the PDF.
      This is from History of Lancaster County : to which is prefixed a brief sketch of the early history of Pennsylvania by I. Daniel Rupp. There is no conceivable way that Prof. Rupp is correct. He does mention in the forward that it took a while to get the book to press, and other people had worked on it. He also added that there were inevitably mistakes, and he was right. But to his credit, he doesn't repeat it and in his final book, the 30,000 Names Book, published 1878, he in no way associated Hans with the French or Huguenots anywhere. So how did he come up with a Frenchman for a German-Swiss? Let's dredge up some Bushong family-lore. There's lore of a letter that says Hans and his family, had to spend seven years in France before immigrating to America. It hasn't been seen in years, and I've never seen it, but maybe they did? Then, please recall that there already was a John Bushong living in Pennsylvania, as early as 1719, he's listed on a property tax list, in Rupp's 30,000 Names Book. If the earlier John Bushong was still alive when Hans immigrated there would be two John Bushongs living very close to each other. Just maybe, Hans was called, maybe even jokingly, "the French John Bushong" or something close, because of his time in France? It would differentiate between the two John Bushongs. What if it was jotted next to his name on some early list and that's what Prof. Rupp saw? But notice Hans isn't called Jean or Beauchamp, since Prof. Rupp had access to the ship's passenger lists.

It should be noted that two of Prof. Rupp's subscribers to the book were John Bushong and Benjamin Bushong, both of East Lampeter, (page 520). These two Bushongs are charted in the Bushong United Tree. Spanning the 1844 publication date, John Bushong, (1794-1869), is enumerated in East Lampeter in the 1840 and 1850 Census records, and Benjamin Bushong (1817-1891), is a nephew, probably living with his father, Jacob in the 1840 Census, but had moved to Leacock Township in the 1850 Census.

Then in 1883, Franklin Ellis, and Samuel Evans, joint authors, published the History of Lancaster County, Pennsylvania: with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men. They repeated the now forty year old myth and filled in some other Bushong family details.
The Bushong Family.— John Bushong, a French Huguenot, arrived in Philadelphia in September, 1731, and immediately came lo Lancaster County and took up land near what is now Heller's Church. The Bushongs who reside in this township are the descendants of this John Bushong, who had a family of sis boys — John, Philip, Peter, Henry, Jacob, and David — and three girls, — Mary, Barbara, and Elizabeth. In 1737 Mrs. John Bushong died, and Mr. Bushong married a second time. His son Peter emigrated to Virginia, where a prominent branch of this family still resides. Jacob went to what is now Berks County, and the noted bankers of Reading — the Bushongs — are the descendants of Jacob Bushong. David went to Illinois. Philip Bushong inherited his father's estate. John Bushong, son of Philip, is the grandfather of Isaac Bushong, Esq., an influential citizen of this township and county. Amos Bushong, miller of East Lampeter, and Dr. Bushong, New Holland, are of this family. Isaac Bushong, of this township, has in his possession a copy of the will by John Bushong, bearing date June 5, 1749.
The Isaac Bushong Esquire that the authors Ellis and Evans refer to, was born in 1822, and he lived in Lancaster County. He would be well aware of Prof. Rupp's 1844 book, In fact, his father, John had bought the book (subscribed) in 1844. Isaac would have known, about the French Huguenot Bushongs, for some forty years. It seems very likely from the detailed description, that Isaac was the informant or source for much of the book's Bushong information. Did he tell the authors about the French Bushongs or did they also get it from Rupp's earlier book? Regardless, it appears Isaac, who was the fifth generation from the immigrants, and maybe even his father, John, had completely forgotten their ancestor's German language and their German Swiss Heritage?

Still a French Huguenot in 1883.
Read the PDF
Page 924
Other books continued the French Huguenot story, for example, in 1892, A brief history of Lancaster County, by Israel Smith Clare, Read PDF here. But then, in 1901, the myth grew, when a new embellishment was heaped upon Hans Boschung. It happened in Amon Stapleton's book, Memorials of the Huguenots in America : with special reference to their emigration to Pennsylvania. This was perhaps the most egregious distortion of all - changing his name!
"Beauchamp--In 1731 arrived Jean Beauchamp, (I) and wife Barbara, the head of the "Bushong" family, now so numerous"...
It is, without a doubt, wrong. No Beauchamp arrived in 1731. In fact Rupp's 30,000 Names Book, has no Beauchamp listed at all. None. On top of that, John Bushong clearly signed his name Hans Boschung. The author Mr. Stapleton, must have assumed from one or both books calling John Bushong a French Huguenot, that his surname would have been, shall we say, "more French". The French named John, of course, would be "Jean" but how he came to "Beauchamp", who can guess? Also from either of those books, Stapleton would not have seen that the original spelling was Boschung, which is obviously German. But regardless, because of Stapleton's assumption and embellishment, Jean Beauchamp was created.
1901 Stapleton starts Beauchamp Myth
Read PDF (page 98).
      From there, the Jean Beauchamp myth, was latched onto by family and period genealogists, including Mary Feller Wicks, who as early as the 1920s was calling the family Beauchamp. She even wrote a poem about Beauchamp and Bushong. Then around 1928, Mrs. Wickes added another layer of misinformation to the family lore, with her "Barbara Foltz de Hageneau" and that reinforced the Jean Beauchamp name since Foltz's real husband, was Jean Buchain, of Strasbourg, France. Yet nowhere was there any additional evidence, past the few original documents, involving Hans Boschung or John Bushong. Apparently, sometime before Twentieth Century, the newer generations of Bushong descendants had completely forgotten their family's native German language and Swiss heritage. This, in spite of German being spoken and read for at least the first three generations. There is ample evidence of their German tongue in Wills written completely in German, as well as the German books and Bibles handed down in the Wills. And of course there are the tombstones written in German. But there was never a single mention of or written word in French. Not one.

Nevertheless, in the era of digital communication and online research, Jean Beauchamp spread like a virus to virtually all the Hans Bushong family trees. Now the majority of Hans' online trees, are using all of it or select pieces of it. For example, the bulk of genealogists have kept the France portion of the story, sometimes saying Strasbourg, others Alsace, Lorraine. And of course the French first name of Jean, Some include Beauchamp with the real surnames, (just covering their bases). Others have even added the French first name of Pierre to some ancestors. And of course for Barbara, virtually all have kept the Foltz de Hagenau part. You have to admit, "Barbara Foltz de Hageneau" has a nice ring to it, but for the record, Barbara's maiden name is unknown. Finally, some, fully embracing their faux "French Heritage" have even gone so far as to add a fully French Bushong coat of arms to represent their German-Swiss Bushong ancestors.

Still, over the years, a few began to doubt the "French Bushongs". The late Edward M. Bushong, a charter member of the Bushong Bulletin, and for a while its treasurer, eventually came to believe it was completely wrong. He felt so strongly, that he published, in October 1984, A Position Paper to repudiate some claims that the original name of the people named Bushong, in the United States, who descended from Hans Boschung, the Immigrant, was Beauchamp. Seven full type written pages, it was mailed out with one of the first Bushong Bulletins. He too had grown up with Jean Beauchamp as an ancestor, only to realize he never existed. But not everyone was able to read his paper and little changed.

As late as 2009 books were being published calling the Bushongs descendants of the French Beauchamp. Take for example three books (all in the Bushong United Digital Library), written by Adam Boyd whose Bushong ancestry begins with a grandmother. Adam's father was a Time Magazine editor, and talent for writing and publishing must run in the family because his books are well written, thoroughly documented, and have many beautiful photographs. First published in 2005, Adam, however, just accepted the myths and his books state Hans Boschung was Jean Beauchamp.

Yet it's interesting that in Adam's second book, published in 2007, he discusses in the foreword, that it was written, mainly to add complete and proper sources that might have been missed in 2005. And he does. He adds many references and sources. But in the Bushong chapter, he's still descended from Jean Beauchamp, only this time, with his zeal for accuracy and sources, he doesn't actually say Bushong are descended from Beauchamp. This time he quotes another book. It is Gilbert Cope's, Historic Homes and Institutions and Genealogical and Personal Memoirs of Chester and Delaware Counties, Pennsylvania, Published in 1904, (pages 540-541). The author, Mr. Cope had obviously read Stapleton's 1901 book, and he continued the myth. Other inaccuracies in Cope's book, immediately begin to bring this source's accuracy into question when, for one, it incorrectly states Hans probably married in America. Adam points out this error, since it is clear Hans immigrated to America with a wife. But attributing through a quote is definitely a better approach than flat out saying they were French Beauchamps. It let's the reader judge the source for themselves. However in his 2009 book, Adam fell back and again repeated the "French Huguenot named Jean Beauchamp" statement and an otherwise well-sourced family history succumbed to the century-old myth.

And keeping that myth has consequences too. Genealogists and historians end up at a dead-end in their tree. It's dead-ended with Jean Beauchamp, of France, because he never existed. A fabricated relative, who can't be charted since he's not related to anyone.

Adam Boyd's 2007 book
Read the PDF
Then consider Andrew Bushong, who arrived in America with his father, Johann Nicholas Boschung and family in 1732 and settled in Lancaster. Thousands of descendants can call him an ancestor, but one event casts a huge shadow on this relationship. Andrew Bushon also arrived in America on the Ship Recovery, in 1754, in Delaware and started a family there. Some genealogist, without evidence, connected their lines to Lancaster Andrew, and in this case they were right. But without evidence, Andrew arriving in America twice, should have been a glaring discrepancy. In 1989, when I published A Branch in the Bushong Family Tree, I too felt Nicholas and Lancaster Andrew were the predecessors of this line, yet I had to stop at Delaware Andrew. Then in 1999 Damon Hostetler, wrote and published Marryin-In II. Damon's Bushong lineage, like Adam Boyd's, also begins with a grandmother. His book is an ambitious undertaking, that covers four different families, Bushong, Ransom, Day, and Clover. With its appendix and indexes the book has over 400 pages and also an abundance of photocopied photographs and documents. It includes some 46 pages of what is surely every communication and form filled out about George Bushong's, (1788-1880) War of 1812 pension. Though Damon discusses Lancaster Andrew, lacking evidence, he correctly (for the time) differentiates him from Delaware Andrew, with whom he starts his line.

Damon Hostetler's 1999 book, Marrying-In II (not in digital format),
      However, in 2013, it was proven that Delaware and Lancaster Andrews were one and the same person. Read about it, here We now know, the absence of this connection, leaves out well over half of Andrew's life. Then with that in mind, Damon incorrectly estimates Andrew as born around 1740. Since then it's been learned that Andrew was really born the beginning of 1717, actually on January 30, 1717. But 1740 puts Andrew's age at around 50 when he died in 1790, which is obviously much younger than the actual 73 years old. Perhaps even more distorting than that, because of the inability to acknowledge Andrew's years in Pennsylvania, along with his land holdings, we can only view a young probably penniless Andrew arriving in America. An Andrew who might have been indentured and who had to scrape by year after grinding year. Here's an excerpt, from the many narratives in Marry-In II...
Catherine and Andrew were not rich or even well off. He provided for her by working for other men on their farms etc. This life and dream of having his own land had him traveling west so that within 20 years of his arrival in America they have moved through Delaware, Maryland and were now in Virginia. However by the time they saved enough money to buy some land the price had again risen out of their reach. (page 21).
I suspect it wasn't meant to, but this easily reads as a statement of fact, when in reality, it is a highly speculative narrative. It also differs widely from the narrative published here on Bushong United, and the reader comes away with an entirely different understanding of Andrew. But when publishing, either digitally or on paper, it's always good to signal that a given statement includes an assumption, accordingly giving readers credit for being able to come to the same conclusions as the writer.

Regardless, just look at the different narrative that emerges from uniting Delaware Andrew with the first half of his life. With a more complete history, it's possible to view Andrew as a fairly wealthy landowner. Then with the eventual sale of all his Dauphin County, Pennsylvania acreage, he would have had plenty of money and was certainly not poor. So he inevitably bought the warrant for his Virginia property, and it's safe to assume he bought land in Tennessee as well as the Lexington, Kentucky, area since his widow Catherine was assessed property taxes there. When Catherine eventually moved to Ross County, Ohio she had ample funds and ended up purchasing more than one property. Basically, Andrew and Catherine owned land every place they lived in America, this except for a six year period in Delaware and Maryland, where nothing has yet been found.

In the end, where does this leave the Bushong Genealogist? How can they know what to believe? Is it books, family or friends? The French Jean Beauchamp or the poor propertyless Andrew? Aside from being careful with and identifying assumptions, I suppose it could boil down to one word, verify. I don't mean just verifying that other genealogists are saying the same thing, verify with copies from original documents. The act of doing this will peel back all the layers of assumptions, mistakes, and misidentifications, just like layers of paint on an old heirloom. What will be left, will be the truth. It may not seem as complete since, like Edward Bushong admitted, many seem to have grown accustomed to being, "of French descent", and perhaps like Ed, even fond of old Jean Beauchamp. After all, they grew up hearing about him. But without him, they'll be rewarded with a family tree that is right, possibly for the first time in over one hundred years.

So for the sake of your family's Bushong Heritage strip out that faux lineage and its imaginary French Bushongs from your tree. You know, all that French stuff would probably make your real ancestors roll over in their graves!
Note: Every Bushong and virtually everything mentioned in this article, are charted in the tree or have been discussed previously,
in detail, and with sources. Here are links to full discussions of some points of the article...
The Bushong Coat of ArmsThe 1928 Myth of Barbara Foltz de Hagenau and Jean Buchain
Were the Colonial American Bushongs German-Swiss or French?

• Anthony Andrew Bushong the Immigrant- Part One: The Pennsylvania Years • Part Two: Andrew's Return
Land Warrant Maps, Lancaster and Dauphin Counties
Anthony Andrew Bushong's Time-line • Beyond Bushong Part One: Johann Nicholas Boschung
For further details, search the tree or the website.
August 16 2016
Vacations and Photographs

Summertime is a time for vacations and visiting family and friends. Those visits are the perfect opportunity for all of us to exchange family photos and history. I myself, was able to take a vacation, and was lucky enough to receive many family photos and also books. For one, Judy Cassiday, gave me the entire body of her genealogy research, as well as several original Virginia Tax books and other reference books. Thank you Judy! Seeing her original research, as she was working to put the Bushong family's history together, is great. Also, living in Pennsylvania is a big help. Then, from a cousin, I received family photographs that inspired me to finish my great grandparent's Bushong United Photograph Album page, now totaling 18 photos, with many more in the extended album. Thank you Margaret! If you're interested, check out Joseph Hill Bushong's page in the Photograph Album.

But in addition, other scans and photographs of old Bushong pictures have been coming in by the dozens and are all now included in the Bushong United Photo Album. If you haven't seen the album in a while, you might give it a look, because it's been changing and has many new pages.

Send in your scans or photos of new (or old) family photos. Because after all, your heritage is important to the entire Bushong Family.

July 29, 2016
Another Lancaster County Photo Album!
The Pusey Barnhouse Collection
With more of the Pennsylvanian Bushongs

      One of twenty-four CDV's...

Edith Paxson Bushong, 1836-1914.
Diarist from Lancaster County, Pennsylvania.
For more on Edith and the diaries Click here.
For the photograph in the original page, Click here.

More photographs from the Lancaster Quaker Bushongs along with family and friends have turned up. Some may recall the Pusey Barnhouse who lived with the Underground Railroad Conductors and family, of Henry Bushong, 1783-1870 and Esther Valentine Bushong, 1799-1867. You can read the post about him here. By 1860, Pusey's father had died and his mother had remarried a Samuel Hindman. The seventeen year old Pusey was living with the Bushong family. Pusey obviously became quite close to the Bushongs and they even called him a Bushong when the census taker took his name. So maybe it's not surprising to find, when Pusey moved to Ohio in 1869, he took a photo album with photographs of his friends and adopted family.

For 147 years the photographs in the album were separated from the Lancaster area and its Bushong family. Now a distant relative of Pusey, has been good enough to reach out, trying to unite this album and it priceless contents, with closer family. Carol Archer, who's distantly related to Pusey Barnhouse, (great great uncle) through his mother and step father, contacted Bushong United and has offered the album to closer family. What a nice thing to do! Thank you Carol!

The album now has 24 Carte de Viste's (CDV's) in its pages, and most are identified. There are some pages with missing CDV's that have names of interest written on them, but those photographs have apparently been separated. The CDV's were obviously made a few years after those in the Sallie Gilbert Album, since some in the photos look older. However, Esther Valentine Bushong is in it and she died in 1867, so some were made before then. Along with the one of Esther is another of her husband Henry Bushong, as well as Edith Paxson Bushong, Edwin Bushong, and Phoebe Hobson (Bushong), all who are charted. The surnames involved are Bolton, Bushong, Gilbert, Heidelbaugh, Hobson, Paxson, Risk, Valentine, Walton, Whinery. Look for more on this and its photos soon.

There are living Bushong descendants of Henry Bushong, including some who retain the surname, through his son, Gilbert and Edith. They appear to be still living in the Lancaster County, Pennsylvania area, too. Edith, above, would be there great and great great grandmother.
BUSHONG LINEAGE: Gilbert Bushong/ Henry Bushong and Esther Valentine/ Johannes John Bushong and Eve Dorothea Eckman/ Hans Philip Bushong and Anna Eva Hergard/ Hans John Bushong IV and Barbara Bushong/ Hans John Bushong III and Anna Maria Boschung/ Hans Boschung II and Anna Stocker/ Hans Boschung I and Anna Anneler/ Michael Studer-Boschung and Dichti Jaggi
Another piece of the Bushong Heritage restored and more photos in the Bushong United Photo Album!

June 28, 2016
And the Answer is...
The Bushey/Buschi Line is Not Related to Colonial Bushong

Well the results of a single DNA test of a Nicolaus Buschi descendant, with FTDNA are in. The Trippstadt Bushey, as their name was anglicized, are not the same line as the Colonial Bushong family. Their sample actually, was a 37 of 37 DNA marker match with the surname, Lingg, of Switzerland. Specifically a Dominik Lingg born about 1734. The Buschi haplogroup is J-M172 compared with Colonial Bushong's R1a1a. Admittedly, it's just a preliminary finding, with only one sample, but there are other potential donors, so things may change.

As to the surname, Lingg, there is a Linn in the Buschi/Buschon tree, which could be a mutation of the Lingg surname, and this is being checked out. But also there has been another relationship found between the Buschon and Buschi. Nicolaus Buschi's brother, Johann Michael Buschi married Anna Katharina Buschon on May 9, 1745, in Trippstadt.

Nevertheless, it is still thought the Buschi are related to one of the Boschung lines and since there are so few Boschung families, the results will help to identify the different lines. Look for more on this.

Happy Memorial Day!
May 29, 2016
Boschung DNA Project
Are The Bushey Cousins of Bushong?
Update: First DNA Test Kit Ordered!

 Living descendants, charted to Johann Nicolaus Buschi, have been located and the first DNA test kit from FTDNA has been ordered for the Boschung DNA project. According to FTDNA, with their backlog of orders, it takes between six and ten weeks, after they receive the DNA, to complete the test. So the theory that Bushey-Buschi are related to the Boschung and Bushong could be proved or disproved that quickly.

This Most Recent Common Ancestor, (MRCA) chart, view probability chart here (opens in new tab), shows what the chances are that there's a relation. As the Buschi are charted now, the MRCA, is two generations earlier than the MRCA used for the Hans John Bushong (IV) and Johannes Nicholas Bushong, which turned out to be Hans John Buschong (III). So if it is the correct MRCA, and the Bushey are related to the Colonial Bushong, the chart indicates that no less than a 36 of 37 marker match is required to reach a reasonable probability of a relation. This also will depend on any given DNA sample, and the varying generations back to the MRCA. In the Bushong project the distance back to the MRCA ranges between eight to ten generations, so with the Bushey it would be between ten and twelve generations. However results with less than a 36 marker match, depending on the probability, should not be completely ruled out, if say, there is a three in four chance of a relation, then more testing would be required.

This DNA project is for all lines of Boschung, and its variant surnames, so regardless whether the Bushey are directly related to the Colonial Bushong line, it will provide a comparative basis for other Boschung lines. There are American Boschung who are currently being sought out, as well as European Boschung and Buschi. And as the project advances, it is hoped it will identify the various lines of German-Swiss Boschungs, and provide an understanding of their relations and migratory paths.

So check back to watch the progress.

April 11, 2016
Are the Bushey Our American Cousins?
From Trippstadt, Germany
Vetting Johannes Nicolaus Buschi

Anthony Andrew Bushong sailed from America, back to Europe sometime before 1754. We can surmise that he went to the Schmalenberg, Germany area, where he was born, possibly looking for a new wife. However, it's now apparent that beginning in the 17th century, that Boschung descendants lived all around the area, including Trippstadt, just a few miles away from Schmalenberg. In fact the majority lived in Trippstadt, or at least went there for church services, marriages, baptisms and confirmations. It seems likely that Andrew would have visited family in Trippstadt and other villages, too.

Among the families in Trippstadt was Johann Nicolaus Buschi. I believe, that generations back Nicolaus' surname was Boschung and that the spelling of his surname changed over the years. There's also a chance that he is related to the Colonial Bushong family. The rational for the Boschung name being changed by the church, was presented in the first article about the Trippstadt Buschon and Buschi, below. From the discussion and charts, it was presented that Johann Nicolaus Buschi, was likely descended from the other Trippstadt Buschon and Buschi. Also that Johann Nicolaus sailed to America in 1754. Source It's all the more interesting that he sailed on the ship Recovery, with his 3rd cousin, our own Anthony Andrew Bushong, who first arrived in America in 1732. In 1754, Andrew had apparently brought Nicolaus on the eight plus week voyage along with his family. From birth records, we can determine that his wife of four years, Anna Catharina Schmalenberger and two sons, Christian Daniel and Johann Henrich came with him. Nicolaus at the time was 31, however one son was under 3 and the other was less than 1 year old. The survival rate on transatlantic crossings, for children under five was so low, that the shipping companies couldn't charge for their fare. And we can imagine, Nicolaus must have welcomed the advice and help from Andrew, who by then, was a veteran of two previous crossings. Andrew had probably even lost his own five year old brother (Johann Nicolas Boschung Jr.), on his first voyage to American in 1732. So he was well acquainted with the dangers and understood what was necessary to survive the journey.

Once in America, the Buschi family lived for a while in York County, Pennsylvania however they eventually settled in Adams County, Pennsylvania and their family grew to at least 14 children. The younger family members anglicized the spelling of their name to Bushey. From IGI and other sources, this is what is now charted in the Bushong United Family Tree for Nicolaus Buschi and his family...
1 Johann Nicolaus Buschi b: 6 JAN 1723 d: 7 FEB 1813
  + Anna Catharina Schmalenberger b: 17 JUN 1731 d: 8 JUL 1770
    2 Christian Daniel Bushey b: 4 OCT 1751 d: 12 SEP 1826
    2 Johann Henrich Bushey b: 4 OCT 1753 d: 15 NOV 1829
    2 Johann Michael Bushey b: AUG 1755 d: 10 NOV 1821
    2 Rudolph Bushey b: ABT 1756 d: y
    2 Nicolaus Bushey b: 1761 d: 20 MAY 1849
    2 Wilhelm Bushey b: ABT 1762 d: y
    2 Johannes Bushey b: 14 APR 1764 d: 1804
    2 Maria Saloma Bushey b: 26 MAY 1765 d: y
    2 Rebecca Bushey b: 20 APR 1767 d: y
    2 Anna Margaretha Bushey b: 20 DEC 1768 c: 2 JUN 1769 d: 11 MAY 1845
    2 Catherine Bushey b: 8 JUL 1770 d: y
  + Anna Margaret Schmalenberger b: 29 AUG 1742 d: 20 DEC 1831
    2 Anna Marie Bushey b: 10 AUG 1773 d: 28 JUN 1856
    2 Johann Jacob Bushey b: 1 SEP 1777 d: 22 JUN 1841
    2 Anna Margaretha Bushey b: 29 SEP 1781 d: 11 MAY 1845

As mentioned before, Nicolaus went by the spelling of Buschi, but for the sake of charting and vetting, the original Boschung, is included in the tree listed as alternate names.

Like the Bushong surname, the Colonial American Bushey name, except for consisting of more than one family line, can be easily followed and charted. Nicolaus is enumerated in the 1790 Census, and the 1800 Census. He died in 1813 and was buried in the Lower Bermudian Lutheran Church Cemetery, in Latimore, Adams County, Pennsylvania. Johannes Buschi on FindaGrave.

Nicolaus' original tombstone in Adams County. Photo by: Carl Foscht, © Copyright, all rights reserved.
    The Colonial American Bushey family has been a successful line and there are numerous descendants. If Nicolaus, who is six years younger, is equated with the same generation as Andrew, then it's possible to understand just how successful. A check in the Bushongs United Tree, shows that Andrew had four sons, known to have had children and with same generation from Hans and Barbara Bushong, - Hans Philip, John, and Jacob, had 10 children, who passed on the surname is interesting. Nicholas Buschi, though not fully charted had 8 or 9 sons who procreated. This illustrates that the number of American Bushey descendants could be sizeable, and it could easily be as many as Hans and Barbara, with their 10 grandsons. And that's a lot of cousins for the Bushong family. However, not all Bushey are from this particular line. From Germany there were others, and though it's certainly possible they were related, lacking genealogy or any kind of chart, at this point, it can't be said. There are also the Bushey, of French and French Canadian lines, among others, and like the Buschi, their names were anglicized, being originally Booshey, Bouchard, or other.

Which bring us to another point. Even though genealogy, appears to connect the Buschi and the Bushong, from the present, it could be 10 to 12 generations back, to a most recent common ancestor. That's a long way back, and it still isn't absolutely certain that they are the same paternal line as Bushong. Even the church began listing Buschi, as early as the 1550s, in Oberwil i. S. Switzerland. So to bridge the centuries and the uncertainty, it would seem that this is exactly where science can help, and that's through DNA testing and analysis. In order to accomplish this, a new project has been established at Family Tree DNA, (FTDNA), for the surname Boschung and its variations, Buschon, Buschi, and Bushey, This project has a wider scope than the previous Bushong project that, without direction is merely churning redundant samples, from those they call "true blood Bushongs". And FTDNA is only too happy to do another test. The Boschung DNA Project will use a targeted approach, and will be completely public, and open, with the exception that participants' names will be replaced with FTDNA's kit numbers and the earliest known ancestor,s name.

Though still unpopulated with any data or completed tests, the FTDNA Boschung project can be seen here. However, there are many living descendants of the Buschi, and some have already been identified as direct descendants of Nicolaus. So the project is currently seeking Y-DNA from his line and men carrying the Buschi, Bushey, and Boschung surname. A 37 marker test (recommended) lists at $169, but go occasionally on sale. For this project, they can be ordered from FTDNA, here.

In 1950, the Bushey descendants erected this monument to Nicolaus
and the two Schmalenberger sisters, that were his wife.
Photo compliments of Frankie from FindaGrave. © Copyright, all rights reserved.

Are the Bushey Family descendants cousins with the Colonial Bushongs?
April 2, 2016
From Trippstadt, Germany
Vetting Uncle Andreas Buschon and the Cousins!

There is a country town called Trippstadt in the Kaiserslautern district of Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany. Never very large, and only having a population of 3,088 in a census taken in 2008, it is about four and one half miles (7.3 km), from Schmalenberg. It's Schmalenberg, where some of the Colonial American Bushongs, including Johann Nicholas Bushong and his son, Anthony Andrew, have been documented. Read about it here. However, it now seems likely, that sometime before 1660, a Boschung line made Trippstadt its home in Germany. Then within a few years, they are found in church records from towns and villages all around the area, including Geiselberg, Molscbach, Pirmasens, Schmalenberg, Schopp, Stelzenberg, Stüterhof, Walhaben, Waldfischbach, as well as others, (see map below). A search of Trippstadt church records, in the LDS, International Genealogy Index, (IGI), for various spellings of the Boschung surname, confirms this. These Boschungs have now been charted into the Bushong United Family Tree. If correct, they are descended from a Johann Andreas Buschon, who is an apparent son of Hans Boschung (I) and Anna Anneler. That would make him a great uncle to our Johann Nicholas Bushong the immigrant. Here's how the new Boschung line is charted in the Bushong United Tree...

Family Tree of Johann Andreas Boschung For Vetting
1 Michel Studer Boschung  b: 1575 d: y
  + Dichtli Jaggi b: ABT 1580 d: y
    2 Hans *vetting Boschung b: 18 JAN 1600 d: 11 JUN 1669
      + Anna Anneler b: 20 JUL 1609 d: 30 OCT 1690
        3 Johann Andreas *vetting Boschung d: y
          + wife d: y
            4 Maria Elisabeth Boschung d: 26 FEB 1729
            4 Johannes Boschung b: 22 JUN 1661 d: 29 MAR 1744
              + wife d: y
                5 Hans Jacob Boschung b: ABT 1684 d: 8 JAN 1746
                  + Clara Elisabetha Huber b: 1697 d: 15 FEB 1748
                    6 Eva Marie Catherine Boschung b: 1718 d: y
                      + Johann Theobald Schmalenberger b: 1715 d: 11 DEC 1747
                    6 Anna Catharina Boschung b: 1722 d: y
                5 Eva Boschung b: 24 MAR 1706 d: 24 JUN 1744
                  + Johann Peter Huber b: 30 SEP 1694 d: 9 APR 1758
            4 Johann Peter Boschung d: 12 OCT 1749
            4 Johann Jost Boschung d: 24 MAR 1727
            4 Hans Jacob *vetting Boschung b: 1661 d: 13 MAR 1744
              + Maria Margaretha Sytz b: 1664 d: y
                5 Johannes Jacob *vetting Boschung b: ABT 1691 d: 23 DEC 1729
                  + Maria Susanna Eberle b: 1697 d: 6 APR 1720
                    6 Maria Elisabeth Boschung b: 3 MAR 1715 d: 2 MAY 1789
                      + Johann Philip Huber b: 1708 d: 7 MAY 1793
                    6 Johann Peter Boschung b: 20 JUN 1717 d: 29 JUN 1743
                    6 Johann Theobaldt Boschung b: 21 MAY 1719 d: 8 MAR 1760
                  + Eva Margaretha *vetting Linn b: 29 MAR 1703 d: 21 FEB 1786
                    6 Johann Michael Boschung b: 26 OCT 1721 d: y
                      + Mariae Magdalenae Haenselin d: y
                        7 Johann Peter Boschung b: 1748 d: y
                        7 daughter Boschung b: 1745 d: 8 SEP 1745
                    6 Johann Casper Boschung b: 19 NOV 1724 d: y
                    6 Johann Henrich Boschung b: 26 MAY 1726
                    6 Johann Nicolaus Buschi b: 6 JAN 1723 d: 7 FEB 1813
                      + Anna Catharina Schmalenberger b: 17 JUN 1731 d: 8 JUL 1770
                        7 Christian Daniel Bushey b: 4 OCT 1751 d: 12 SEP 1826
                        7 Johann Henrich Bushey b: 4 OCT 1753 d: 15 NOV 1829
                        7 Johann Michael Bushey b: AUG 1755 d: 10 NOV 1821
                        7 Rudolph Bushey b: ABT 1756 d: y
                        7 Nicolaus Bushey b: 1761 d: 20 MAY 1849
                        7 Wilhelm Bushey b: ABT 1762 d: y
                        7 Johannes Bushey b: 14 APR 1764 d: 1804
                        7 Maria Saloma Bushey b: 26 MAY 1765 d: y
                        7 Rebecca Bushey b: 20 APR 1767 d: y
                        7 Anna Margaretha Bushey b: 20 DEC 1768 c: 2 JUN 1769 d: 11 MAY 1845
                        7 Catherine Bushey b: 8 JUL 1770 d: y
                      + Anna Margaret Schmalenberger b: 29 AUG 1742 d: 20 DEC 1831
                        7 Johann Jacob Bushey b: 1 SEP 1777 d: 22 JUN 1841
                        7 Anna Marie Bushey b: 10 AUG 1773 d: 28 JUN 1856
                        7 Anna Margaretha Bushey b: 29 SEP 1781 d: 11 MAY 1845
                5 Johannes *vetting Boschung b: 1681 d: 3 SEP 1728

This chart is a preliminary identification and is published for the purpose of vetting. There will likely be changes. For instance, two, Hans Jacob Boschung, and Johannes Boschung have nearly identical birth and death dates, and they might well be the same person. Also one other disclaimer is necessary, for the sake of charting, the assumed original spelling of their surname has been included, but these Boschung ancestors' name is spelled differently in the church books, where the IGI, is mostly sourced. Apparently the church clerics often shortened or misspelled the name, as Buschong, Buschon, Buschi, Buschey, and others. These different spellings have been preserved in the tree, as alternate surnames, and they are also searchable. With the Trippstadt Boschung comes other associated surnames. They are charted: Burkhardt, Eberle, Haenselin, Huber, Jacobi, Linn, Roschi, Schmalenberger, Sytz, and Voltz.

It's church records, from the LDS, International Genealogy Index, (IGI), that make up this new branch of the Boschung Tree. So perhaps this is a good point to briefly discuss the IGI. The IGI has a wealth of good information if, you're a little discerning when looking through the records. The earlier European records for Germany and some of Switzerland, have been inputted by individuals, mostly from original church records. But there can be good and bad, and in the American IGI, the Bushong records are created with a lot family lore, for instance, Hans Bushong and Barbara Foltz. Though it's been proven her maiden name was not Foltz (or de Hageneau), there's dozens of entries for this, along with Jean Beauchamp and other incorrect lore. Still it's possible, at least in the Trippstadt area, to separate the transcriptions of actual records from lore, and as an example, dates. When looking at a date that says "about", or an exact date of birth, the exact date is usually from a church register. But a christening could be listed as a date of birth, which is close, except for Anabaptist or Mennonites. Since they deferred baptism for 12 or 13 years, it could really throw off the search, as happened in one case. Ultimately, the records from Trippstadt, aside from duplicates, appear overall reliable and accurate, but are thin on associations, with missing parents' names. That's where genealogy comes into play - charting, individuals from various records into one family tree. And unless it's just a couple of generations, it's only through charting that any sense can be made of a family's relationships and history.

But how did the name change so drastically, Boschung to Buschon or Buschi? First remember, that by the 17th century, even though surnames were firmly established, their spelling often remained in flux. But the Bushong's own Hans and Nicholas, managed to spell their surname correctly, and this is possibly because they didn't go to the Trippstadt parish, or at least there's no record. As such, some kept their original name and some eventually changed it. But imagine the church books, with the pastors and church clerics dutifully writing everyone's name, and perhaps using the same misspelling year after year. The slight spelling change of Bosch to Busch doesn't seem very significant and could have easily occurred from a cleric's interpretation of a more popular regional pronunciation. But for the suffix, it appears something else happened. With the suffix, the clerics translated the patronymic suffix, "ung", which means "descendants of" and used a different suffix, as in "i" and "on". There are many other patronymic suffixes "son", "y", "ing" "en" and "er" as in Studer and Schmalenberger, just to name a few. Most pretty much translate to, "descended of" or "from" or "of". So in this case, the cleric maintained what he saw as their family name, "descendants of the Bosch or Busch" and simply changed the suffix to something shorter. To the clerics, Buschi, though a different spelling, meant the same thing as Boschung.

Trippstadt and some of the surrounding communities in the Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany, where the Boschung surname and its various spellings is recorded. Click to enlarge.
Map © Copyright Google Earth all rights reserved.

It didn't happen right away, but over the years, through the generations of pastors and Boschungs. So, perhaps hearing the pastors pronouncing it, from the church books, as for instance, Buschi, the spelling became accepted. With a church full of people hearing something to the effect of "I now pronounce you Mr. and Mrs. Buschi, man and wife", it's easy to visualize the Trippstadt Boschungs as well as the townspeople, getting used to the different pronunciation. Further, the Dictionary of Alsatian Dialects says the surname Buschi is a ... "reference to Buschong", here. And author Dietmar Meyer in his Waldfischbach area Church Book Transcriptions, (excerpt available in the Bushong Digital Library here) also references "Buschy" as an abbreviation for Buschong. There are others. Also, even the previously charted Bushong ancestor, Hans Boschung (II) 1600-1669, husband of Anna Anneler, is listed as Buschi by the church in the IGI.

But, regardless of spelling, the question should be asked, is Buschi the same family as the Trippstadt Buschon? And are they related to the Oberwil Boschungs, where much of the family came from? To answer, when all the cross-associations and intermarriages between the Swiss and Germany families, are considered it seems like they could be the same line. Especially between the Trippstadt Buschon, and Buschi, with the descendants of Hans Martin Huber, and the Schmalenberger families. All of these support Johann Andreas Buschon as the patriarch of this Trippstadt line. Here's a small chart for Hans Martin Huber. Notice the five different intermarriages between the Hubers, Schmalenbergers and the Buschong families.
1 Hans Martin Huber b: 18 NOV 1639 d: 1688
  + Katharina b: 1644 d: 1692
    2 Johann Nicholas Huber b: 10 MAR 1667 d: 15 MAR 1718
      + Anna Catherine Linn b: 1671 d: 27 MAR 1711
    2 Hans Bartholmaeus Huber b: ABT 1666 d: 24 JUL 1721
      + Anna Maria b: BEF 1666 d: 29 APR 1730
        3 Clara Elisabetha Huber b: 1697 d: 15 FEB 1748
          + Hans Jacob Boschung b: ABT 1684 d: 8 JAN 1746
            4 Eva Marie Catherine Boschung b: 1718 d: y
              + Johann Theobald Schmalenberger b: 1715 d: 11 DEC 1747
            4 Anna Catharina Boschung b: 1722 d: y
        3 Johann Peter Huber b: 30 SEP 1694 d: 9 APR 1758
          + Eva Boschung b: 24 MAR 1706 d: 24 JUN 1744
    2 Maria Catharina Huber b: 27 FEB 1683 d: 23 SEP 1759
      + Johann Heinrich Schmalenberger b: 1683 d: 4 DEC 1754
        3 Johann Theobald Schmalenberger b: 1715 d: 11 DEC 1747
          + Eva Marie Catherine Boschung b: 1718 d: y
    2 Johann Philip Huber b: ABT 1675 d: 15 MAR 1718
      + Anna Katharina Burkhardt b: ABT 1683 d: Mae 22 1711
        3 Johann Philip Huber b: 1708 d: 7 MAY 1793
          + Maria Elisabeth Boschung b: 3 MAR 1715 d: 2 MAY 1789
      + Eva Margaretha *vetting Linn b: 29 MAR 1703 d: 21 FEB 1786
    2 Anna Margaretha Huber b: APR 1670 d: y
      + Johann Philip Schmalenberger b: 16 MAY 1680 d: 10 DEC 1755
	    3 Johann Philip Schmalenberger Jr. b: ABT 1700 d: y
	    3 Anna Katharina Schmalenberger b: ABT 1715 d: y

But what about our own Nicholas Bushong? Is this Johann Andreas a great uncle? Or maybe it is a different line of Oberwil Boschung other than the Michael Studer-Boschung line - the Colonial Bushong line? There were after all, Boschung-Buschi in Oberwil in the 1550s, and it is just a logical assumption that Hans Boschung (II) and the Trippstadt Boschung patriarch are brothers. But based on that assumption, we can start finding inter-familial associations and use them to prove or disprove the relationship. Of course they share surnames and proximity, with Schmalenberg less than five miles from Trippstadt. And remember, as mentioned above, the IGI lists our own Hans Boschung (II) as Buschi. But there are two additional pieces of evidence. The first is thru Hans John Bushong (III), (the Pennsylvania immigrant before 1719). His sister Anna Boschung, married Michael Roschi in of Oberwil, i.S., Bern, Switzerland, March 7, 1693. Michael and Anna Boschung Roschi's son, Valentin, 1706-1752 and likely daughter, Veronica, 1706-1752 both moved to Trippstadt and married into the Schmalenberger family. Philip Roschi (Jr.) married Anna Katharina Schmalenberger, in 1732 and Veronica Roschi married Johann Philip Schmalenberger (Jr.). They are children of Johann Philip Schmalenberger, (1680-1755), (3rd from bottom of the chart above) and Anna Margaretha Huber. That means their descendants are both directly related to the Huber and Schmalenberger families that the Trippstadt Buschon-Buschi families married into. This represents a tangible link between the Boschung and Roschi of Oberwil, i.S., Bern, Switzerland to Trippstadt and to the Trippstadt Boschung, Buschon, and Buschi.
1 Michel Roschi b: 9 MAR 1662 d: 11 MAR 1706
  + Anna Boschung b: 1 AUG 1669 d: y
    2 Veronica *vetting Roschi b: 1704 d: y
      + Johann Philip Schmalenberg b: ABT 1700 d: y
    2 Valentin Roschi b: 3 MAY 1706 d: 6 APR 1752
      + Anna Katharina Schmalenberger b: ABT 1715 d: y

But the last piece of evidence is perhaps the most intriguing. In 1754, when Anthony Andrew Bushong, returned to America, from Europe, on the ship Recovery, he came with a Trippstadt cousin, Johann Nicolaus Buschi (Buskey on the ship's list). Listed in the top chart as Johann Nicolaus Buschi, (1723-1813), he would be our Andrew's third cousin. All of this seems to point to a Buschi-Boschung relationship, and in other words, it looks like the same family.

Another piece of the puzzle put together?

More details for every name mentioned above are available in the Bushong United Tree - here.
(opens in a new tab)
April 1, 2016
The Bushong United Family Tree
Is Back!

   A tip of the hat and a big thanks to, and their crew, for their efforts, at restoring RootsWeb! Because the Bushong United Family Tree is back on line! The tree has been unavailable since February 24th, when the RootsWeb and World Connect sites suffered a serious hardware failure. It took over three weeks, to get this portion of the massive website fully functioning. As they began restoring the various parts of the site, the Bushong United database could be seen, only their "search" was not functioning properly and that has been corrected.

You may search the Bushong United Tree - here.
(opens in a new tab)

If any area of the tree is not functioning properly, RootsWeb has put up access to an easy form, for reporting glitches in the software, here. Of course, any changes or additions to the tree should be sent to Bushong United.

March 19, 2016
The Colonial Bushong DNA
Ashkenazi Levite

There has been a report from FTDNA where some Bushong DNA testing has been done, that the Colonial Bushong DNA samples match what is called the Ashkenazi-Levite. The R1a1a mutation that defines the Colonial Bushong haplogroup, occurred around 18,500 years ago, however the Ashkenazi-Levite mutation is dated to just 1,000 to 1,300 years back. The Levite DNA Website, here, proclaims it "is devoted to the R1a1a Ashkenazi Levite Y-DNA subclade", and it has a lot of detailed information on the subject. This portion of a recent article of theirs below, has an interesting summary to the various theories. Read the full article here.
Origins of R1a1a Ashkenazi Levites
The R1a1 haplogroup is very common throughout Europe and Western Asia. For this reason, and because the R1a1 haplogroup is found among R1a1a Ashkenazi Levites but is not commonly found in other Jewish populations and because the R1a1a Ashkenazi Levite progenitor was believed to have lived about 1,000 years ago, researchers have theorized that the progenitor may have been a Jewish convert from Khazaria or Adiabene. Other researchers, believing it unlikely that a convert to Judaism could have assumed Levite status, have suggested that R1a1a Ashkenazi Levites could be descended from:
  1. Nethinim of Iranian origin who returned to Jerusalem after the Babylonian Exile or
  2. a member of a Levite tribe in Arabia who came to Spain with the Moors.
A more recent analysis of STR data, posted here and summarized here, indicates that the ancestor of R1a1a Ashkenazi Levites was likely Jewish going back to the founding of Judaism, in Abrahamic times.
However this summary alone, mentions five different theories. So it must be recognized that DNA Science is still new and with analysis at this level, there will inevitably be differing interpretations. For those interested, read the studies and draw your own conclusions.

Revised and reposted: March 13, 2016
The Correct Pronunciation
How Do You Say Hans Boschung?

Hans Boschung

It's true, within the family, the surname Bushong, has a few subtle but different pronunciations. We can hear what is probably very close to the Boschung immigrant's original pronunciation, by clicking here: Hear Boschung pronounced with a German accent. But what about the first names? What about Hans? When I read or pronounce it, it always sounds like "Hanz", with a "z" sound on the end.

But when it was noticed that both Nicholas and Hans used ‘ß’, called an "eszett" (in German), or "sharp S", for the "ending s" when writing their first names, it became clear that "Hanz" was the wrong pronunciation. An ‘ß’, when spoken, is pronounced "ess", or like the letter "s", which is the ending his name should have, Han‘ß’ - ending in an "s" sound.

It's also interesting, the church transcriptions for Hans Boschung (III) and Anna Maria Boschung's children, Anna Elisabeth and Hannss Geoerg, both have Hans' name ending with a double "ss", this obviously indicates an ‘ß’, which was used in the original spelling but in the translation "ss" was used instead, since the ‘ß’ key is not on western typewriters and keyboards. Nevertheless, it reinforces the fact that Hans Boschung the 1731 immigrant and his father, Hans, who immigrated in 1719 or before, pronounced his name Hanss.

That said, I'm not sure if it's possible to change, but at least it's nice to know when it's being pronounced incorrectly.

March 11 2015
Vetting Eva Boschung
of Schmalenberg, Germany
A New Sister for Nicholas and Hans?

I was restudying one of the PDF files of Dietmar Meyer's book with the Waldfischbach, area Germany Church records and I spotted (in two places) another sibling for Hans and Nicholas Boschung. It was on Easter, April 9, 1719, that thirteen year old Eva Buscheng was Confirmed there, in the Reformed Church. With Nicholas' brother, Andreas discussed here, also being listed, that's two siblings for Nicholas and his likely brother, Hans (IV), that have been documented from Herr Meyer's book.

But is she really Nicholas' sister? It's possible she's a cousin of Nicholas'. The Bushong United Tree, has a few Boschungs in the Trippschadt area, a few miles away from the Waldfischbach area, and Schmalenberg. But with so many Boschung, related to Nicholas already in Waldfischbach, with the same misspelling "Buscheng", by the scribe, it seems logical she was thought of in in the same family. This was in Nicholas' church with his stated brother, Andreas. It is a fact, that a lot of family lived in the Schmalenberg area. So it seems likely Eva's parents are Hans John Boschung-Bushong (III) and his wife, Anna Maria. Then Eva is Nicholas' and likely Hans John's (IV), sister. That said, the range of years for Hans John's (III) children is at least from 1682 to 1706, or 24 years of childbearing, which, though not unheard of, suggests possibly, Hans John (III) had a second wife.

Interestingly, if this is true, this changes and refines, what is known about the siblings' parents. It was theorized that Hans John Bushong (III) and family voyaged to Pennsylvania before 1719, when John is noted on a 1719 property tax list. (See Mr Rupp's List, page 438, here.) But this would mean he sailed to America after April 9, 1719, when Eva was Confirmed. It would mean 13 year old Eva most likely came with him. Then, please recall our own Anthony Andrew Bushong, was confirmed, in Waldfischbach, in 1731, a few months before he sailed to America, too. Nevertheless, we can only wonder, if Eva survived the voyage, and reached adulthood in America. Possibly she married and had a family but her maiden name was lost? However, it seems a tall task to find her using just Eva and no maiden name.

Yet, taking Eva into account, this means the family might have split up in 1719, with her father and only some of the family, leaving Germany. They would have sailed to America, and acquired land, all in 1719. Did he secure some kind of land grant in advance or just have ample money to buy his land immediately? At this point, it can only be speculated. But it appears this might be the case, that he left Germany in 1719 and once in America, was a landowner within the year.
Here's some of what we know about Hans John Bushong (III) and his family
(See full article for sources)
Hans John Boschung, (III). was born in Oberwil, i.S., Bern, Switzerland, around 1662 and for a time lived in Minfeld, Bayern, Germany, In 1699, he received permission to move to Stelzenberg, Kaiserslautern, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany, which is only 7 miles, (11.3 km), away from Schmalenberg. Hans John Bushong immigrated to Pennsylvania before 1719, and died before 1733 in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. He married Anna Maria Boschung, who was born around 1662 and died before 1733 probably in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania.
    Children of Hans John Boschung and Anna Maria Boschung
  1. Anna Elisabeth Boschung was born on Feb. 2, 1682 in Minfeld, Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany and died unknown.
  2. Hans Geoerg Boschung was born on July 19, 1684 in Minfeld, Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany and died unknown.
  3. Johann Nicholas Bushong was born about 1691 in <Minfeld, Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany> and died about 1733 in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania.
  4. Hans John *vetting Bushong, (IV). was born in 1692 in <Minfeld, Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany> and died on Jul. 18, 1749 in East Lampeter Twp., Lancaster County, Pennsylvania.
  5. Andreas Boschung born, date unknown, in <Minfeld, Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany>, date unknown.
  6. Eva Boschung *vetting, was born in 1706, in Schmalenberg, Südwestpfalz, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
Care to learn more about Hans John Boschung the father of Nicholas, Hans, and Eva? Read Here
  These PDF files of Dietmar Meyer's book have now been made available in The Bushong United Digital Reference Library, for all to read and study. They were provided by Chris Bushong, who after Herr Meyer, was contacted, tracked down copies of the actual books in the LDS Library, and he deserves the thanks and a tip of the hat!

March 9 2016
RootsWeb is Recovering
Mailing Lists Are Up
Bushong United Tree is Still Down

   A tip of the hat to the programmers and technicians, who look like have gotten some of the RootsWeb website restored. It seems that is going to be able to recover some of the Mailing list portion, of RootsWeb. I was able to get through to the Bushong List, here. I also checked and the Boschong[sic} List also appears up.

The main RootsWeb page still has the same message, that they plan on being up by March 15th, so expect more down-time, and I wouldn't try to post anything for a few more days, because I doubt they'll allow any new in-coming data.

Also the World Connect portion of RootsWeb - the family trees, appears to be functioning, only there's no data loaded yet. So it will be a few more days at least until the Bushong United Family Tree is back up.

March 4, 2016
The Bushong Digital Library
Has a New Place and a New Book
A Collection of Upwards of Thirty Thousand Names....

I'm happy to be able to add a new book to the Bushong United Digital Reference Library.

A book cited multiple times in the Bushong Genealogy.
Click for larger.

The complete: A Collection of Upwards of Thirty Thousand Names of German, Swiss, Dutch, French and Other Immigrants in Pennsylvania
By I. Daniel Rupp, 2nd Edition, with translations, published 1927.

 This book by Daniel Rupp, is the ultimate reference for American genealogy, and it thoroughly documents the Colonial American immigration with period ship's passenger manifests, Immigrant Loyalty Oaths, and other original lists. In this wonderful book, all the old manuscripts, from the Pennsylvania Archives, were all expertly translated from German and old German old script by Mr. Rupp.
it will open in a new browser tab and can be read or saved to your computer. The PDF file is 23.5 megs and depending on your download speed will take a moment to open.

However, with the acquisition of Mr Rupp's book came the realization that, his book would just get lost in the website columns, along with the other books and PDF files. So now there's a new web page for them, available from the Articles button above or here...

These downloadable genealogy books have proven to be wildly popular, getting thousands of hits and downloads per month. For example, this January, a book from the Hans John Bushong side titled, the Descendants of John Clark of New Haven, Connecticut had over 10,000 visits (hits) and was downloaded close to 600 times!

   So enjoy reading Daniel Rupp's book and the other books, here, on the Bushong United servers, or save them to your computer and have instant access any time.

Update March 4, 2016: It looks like Mr. Rupp's book is going to be a popular book, too. In the first three days it's been on the Bushong United servers, it has been seen more than 300 times - over 100 visitors a day!

March 1, 2016
Hans Boschung and the Factions
Is He Jean or Josep or Hans?
A new Interpretation

When I began studying Bushong genealogy, thirty-six years ago, I believed that, in the search, we were all looking for the same truth. This was reinforced four years later when the Bushong Bulletin began. Everyone of the original subscribers cooperated and exchanged all they knew about our unique Bushong surname and family. When a fact or a reliable source was found, we all accepted it. And if it differed with what we had, well then, so much the better, in order to get things right. What I didn't realize then, was that genealogy is not a science, where facts are absolute, it is history. And as such, that history being uncovered, was open to interpretation. Occasionally, there were differing interpretations, yet they were soon resolved. But unresolved theories and interpretations often give rise to factions and their accompanying factious discourse. In genealogy, the resulting confusion from factions, can sometimes end up clouding the very history it claims to represent.

Did you know there were factions in the Bushong Genealogy? With a name as unique as Bushong, you'd think everyone could get on the same page. But I suggest there's been factions in Bushong genealogy, probably as far back as its written records go. Just look at how many genealogists still believe they're descended from Jean Beauchamp/Bushong and Barbara Foltz de Hageneau. That out-of-favor interpretation, began in 1928, with this letter, here or read the full article, here. From that very letter, Mary Feller Wickes interpreted her genealogy to be connected to Jean Buchain and Barbara Foltz. And on the strength of her beliefs, as well as her personality, she convinced a lot of people she was right. To this day, there are factions that believe this is true. But if, rather than just accepting Mrs. Wickes' interpretation, they had looked at and analyzed her source, comparing Jean Buchain with our Hans, they probably could have avoided this almost 90 year old mistake. After all, they could have seen there were differences between the 1928 letter and the name and children listed in Daniel Rupp's book, (discussed below). Later, when there was additional proof that indicated they should change their tree, in the spirit of Mary Wickes, they couldn't or wouldn't change. In the end, it has only encumbered those who believed her, and their descendants. with years and years of faulty genealogy and an incomplete history.

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Click for pop-up viewer.
      Then I suppose, there would be this faction here. Consisting of those who methodically seek out and analyze new sources, and keep up with the new advances in Bushong genealogy. Like the advances, discussed here on the Bushong United Website and in the Bushong United Family Tree. Because here, at Bushong United, there's access to thousands and thousands of records and sources in the largest Bushong database and Bushong Family Chart in the world. This faction recognizes it's only through facts, from quality sources, and detailed analysis, that we can reach our goal, which is...
The accurate historical interpretation of our family's history
and the genealogy it deserves
Just judging from communications and visitors to the website, this faction, falls well inside the mainstream.

However, over the years, a different faction of Bushong genealogy has risen, making many interpretations, considered outside the mainstream. They're the ones that believed Bosang was a Bushong, and from Daniel Rupp's Thirty Thousand Names book, declared gobs, of new surnames were part of the tree. Names like Dischong, Peroning, Bussung/Hussung, Bischon, Bausum, Bison, Peronz, Biesang, Bisbing, Beissel, Bischoff, Drachel, and Noschang. Some wild stuff that caused a lot of confusion and accomplished nothing in the advance Bushong genealogy. Regardless, there's never been any evidence to suggest those different surnames had anything to do with Bushong. But that's not what they believe. However, since there's always so little proof, this faction is more personality-driven, and less concerned with credible sources and analysis.

Perhaps not surprisingly, from this group has come a new conclusion about one fact, a name - Hans. This is a name long established, yet they believe it is something different than the common understanding. For the bulk of Bushong genealogists, it's Hans Bushong, (1692-1749) the immigrant, who of course, later anglicized his name to John. However, don't forget the faction calling him Jean. Regardless, most examined the evidence and interpreted his name as Hans. Yet now, this particular faction has re-interpreted the spelling in Hans' signature to be J-o-s-e-p. Though some differ between Josep or Josef or Josepi. At least that's what they believe. Also that the hundreds and hundreds of ancestors, genealogists, and scholars, for the last 140 years were wrong! But they concluded this apparently without consulting any guides to old German Script? That and citing an unnamed "expert" who translated Bossing from Boschung?

A Careful and Accurate Analysis

So, using charts of old German script and original sources, let's analyze the signatures. Then we can see if this interpretation, that Hans was really Josep has any credibility. Starting with the chart above of German writing styles, it has four different scripts, and then some variant examples...
  • Modern - like it sounds
  • Fracture - often described as Gothic
  • Sutterlin - was adopted in the 1920s from the modified older Kurrent
  • Kurrent - what Hans Bushong and Johann Nicholas used.
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Photocopies of the Colonial Boschung signatures that we know of.
The image on the right, contains photocopies of the currently known signatures of Hans Boschung and Johann Nicholas Boschung. All written in Kurrent script, on top is, Johann Nicholas Boschung, from Loyalty Oath. Next two are Hans Boschung, from either the Loyalty Oath, or ships manifest, and the other, is not certain. Looking at the three signatures, it's easy to see that Nicholas and Hans, wrote in the same style. Specifically, look at the last names, that are written almost identically between the two Bushongs. Also, notice that the spelling of the surname, is clearly Boschung, per the chart. Then note the matching "ending S", with its extra flourish, in both names. This letter ‘ß’, known as an "eszett" in German or "sharp S". When spoken, it is pronounced "ess" or like the letter "s". Since the ‘ß’ in Hans' name is identical to the ‘ß’ that ends Nicholas' name, it's hardly a convincing interpretation that it was the "p" in Josep. Now turning to the first letter, said to be a "J". First of all, Hans likely would have used a capital J, so that rules out a similar small "j". Also, it's obvious that the photocopies are several generations removed from the originals, and the top of the letter has been lost. But it's possible to study the "J" in Johann and see that it doesn't follow the path of the first letter in Hans' name. With the similarities in their script, a "J" would look the pretty much the same in both names. Regardless, it can't be over looked, that the styles and flourishes, strongly suggest these two Boschungs learned to write in the same geographic area, if not, from the same teacher. Below, taken from the German Script Chart, letter by letter, is complete script for Hans and Josepi, without pieces missing. They're in Kurrent Script, but there's two examples for the capital "H", one with an earlier variant style. Josepi doesn't come close.
Hans and Josepi, the full names copied from the chart, (Kurrent).
First, Hans, the "H" is written with Kurrent, Middle the "H" is an older style, which matches the original signatures. Last Josepi.

Lingual and Orthographic Expert, I. Daniel Rupp.

Evidence and Translations From Original Documents

In the 140 years Hans Boschung has been written about, what other actual examples or accounts of his unanglicized first name are there?
In these sources, the name is Hans. Notice in 1734, for his all important land title, he gave his name as Hans. Then in 1876, a lingual and orthographic scholar, transcribed it as Hans. Yes, the legendary Israel Daniel Rupp read it as Hans. He spoke and read eight or nine different languages, worked all with original documents, and he was well able to read the subtle nuances of the signatures, all in old German script (Kurrent or earlier). He read "Hans" twice. Once from the original ships manifest and the other from a secondary list of the family and their ages. Further, Mr. Rupp, placed a question mark next to any name that was unclear, yet there was none for Hans Boschung, so it was easily read.

I guess, for this historical discussion, he would be well qualified to represent our "expert". Israel Daniel Rupp, (1803-1878) was born in Hampden Twp, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania. He was the grandson of an immigrant, Johann Jonas Rupp, from Baden, Germany, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1751. Mr. Rupp on FindaGrave. Mr. Rupp produced a large number of volumes on Pennsylvania history, translations from German and Dutch into English. He also published six volumes of history on 23 counties in Pennsylvania. But perhaps his best known book is A Collection of Upwards of Thirty Thousand Names of German, Swiss, Dutch, French and Other Immigrants in Pennsylvania. He finished and published it in 1876, just two years before his death. It instantly put the records of the Colonial American immigration within everyone's grasp and it was a monumental boon for genealogists.

And for the record, in all the 30,000 names of the Colonial immigrants that Mr. Rupp documented, there were zero spelled "Josep" zero spelled "Josef" and zero spelled "Josepi". But, (with a few too many letters), there were Josephus, Joseph, Josephe.. Looking in the Bushong United Family Tree, there is not a single documented use of name Joseph, until 1812, (John Joseph Bushong, husband of Margaret Catherine Keckley), and that was 60 years and three generations after Hans was dead. John Joseph was a great great grandson of Hans, so it seems unlikely. Note, John Joseph's middle name is only supported with incidental evidence, but his brother is well document being named Joseph in 1819.

However, reportedly Hans signed his will, J. John Bushong, if this is true, then a much more likely first name, rather than Joseph would be "Johannes" - Johannes John Bushong, like his brother, Johann Nicholas. Mr. Rupp reported on page 488, that there were 8,000 (out of 30,000) immigrants whose names were or were pared with the various forms and spellings of Johannes. Then there's Jacob, one of Hans' sons was named Jacob, as well as many more. But possibly more to the point, Hans' first born grandson bearing the Bushong surname, was named Johannes John Bushong. Johannes is even carved on his tombstone. Either way, without documentation, a first name for Hans, can only be speculated. Yet a first grandson,being named after his grandfather, a year after his grandfather died, certainly seems the most plausible. That grandson was Johannes John Bushong, 1750-1831, the son of Hans Philip Bushong and Anna Eva Hergard, and the husband of Eve Dorothea Eckman.

So, analyze it yourself. Use the charts, look at the scripts and compare the examples. Then look at the sources for Hans, all from original documents. Then judge our "expert" or their's. You decide, which faction you're in, because ultimately it's your history that's being written.

Is a family tree descending from Josep or Jean Boschung the genealogy your family deserves?

March 1, 2016
Revised March 7, 2016 (eszett)
 RootsWeb Outage
Bushong United Tree is Temporarily Offline
Until Around March 15

RootsWeb Update: Still Down and No Known Resolution Date

The Bushong United Family Tree is hosted on the RootsWeb website, which has been down since Wednesday evening, (Feb 24th). Because of this, the tree is currently unavailable. We'll see just how quickly they can get it resolved. One way or the other, the Bushong United Family Tree will be available again. The last time the server crashed, it was necessary to reload the back-up GEDCOM file, which can then take up to 24 hours to be fully indexed.

  A tip of the hat to The Ancestry Insider for his reporting and commentary. He also added this ominous thought...
Since hasn't invested any money (visibly, at least), in RootsWeb in very many years, it is now a ticking time bomb. Or rather, it was a ticking time bomb. It has exploded and we wait nervously now to hear how much damage ensued.

No matter what ends up, let's don't forget, RootsWeb, with all of its different genealogy offerings, is a huge website that had tremendous web traffic and these contributed considerable advertising revenue. And since as was pointed out, (and is obvious), they hadn't spent anything on the site, then all that money goes straight to Ancestry's bottom line. So has strong motivation to get RootsWeb back online.

Update: "Our initial expectation is to have the site back up and running on or around March 15, 2016."

February 27, 2016
Updated: February 29, 2016
 Bushong Heritage For Sale
Martin Bushong (1847-1924)
CDV Photo on eBay

Martin Bushong
Click to enlarge.

Their Listing
antique MARTIN BUSHONG CDV PHOTO lancaster pa grandma rohrer sister son obituary

This listing is for 2.5"x3.5" photo of Martin Bushong and an obituary of his daughter.
This was found in one of the Ella Rohrer Family albums of Strasburg, Lancaster PA, and the narrative in the album said "cousin Martin Bushong, Grandma Rohrer's Oldest Sister's Son".
Clear photo with some antique wear and foxing.
Price:US $47.50 See it on eBay
Price reduced now $40.38
Price raised $47.50
 Another Bushong photo is "on the block" and is being offered through eBay. This one was taken during the Civil War, since it has a revenue stamp on the back and it is said to be Martin Bushong. And with the caption in the album it came from, calling him...
"cousin Martin Bushong, Grandma Rohrer's Oldest Sister's Son" is probably true.
  I checked, and Martin's mother, Susan Buckwalter, indeed had a younger sister, Maria Buckwalter who married Christian Rohrer. So that matches. The clipping of his daughter's obituary is included and is correct, too.

Click to enlarge.
Died - Bushong. November 18th 1891 in Philadelphia. Mabel S., daughter of Martin and Mary Bushong, in the twelfth year of her age. The relatives and friends of the family are respectfully invited to attend the funeral, at Heller's church, on Saturday morning at 10:30 o'clock.
BUSHONG LINEAGE: Martin Bushong/ Isaac H. Bushong and Susan Buckwalter/ John R. Bushong and Annie E. Myer/ Johannes John Bushong and Eve Dorothea Eckman/ Hans Philip Bushong and Anna Eva Hergard/ Hans John Bushong IV and Barbara Bushong/ Hans John Bushong III and Anna Maria Boschung/ Hans Boschung II and Anna Stocker/ Hans Boschung I and Anna Anneler/ Michael Studer-Boschung and Dichti Jaggi
This eBay seller bought a large stash of Rohrer photos from Lancaster County and here's a search of similar items. There's more Rohrer's in the group, too. Look through it here.

If he was in was my line, I'd buy it.

February 22, 2016
Henry Warren Bushong
Father of The Bushawn

Son of Jacob and Jane Bushong

Henry Bushong
(indexed as Bishong) married Betsy Keezer
March 26, 1818
in Ross County, Ohio.

Henry Bushong
married Mary Delay
July 16 1834
in Ross County, Ohio
It would seem that at this point there is enough evidence to connect the Henry W. Bushong who was enumerated in 1840 Census, with another listing of a Henry W. Bushong. You may remember two years ago, an article was written about a Henry Warren Bushong, here, who's sons misspelled their last name as "Bushawn". Some had incorrectly assumed he was a son of George Bushong and Lydia Rush, but with no evidence. Well, the Henry in the 1840 Census was living in Sheffield, Tippecanoe County, Indiana, and he was next door to William Adams, and a couple of doors away from Lawson Elsey, both son's in law of Jacob Bushong and Jane Bushong (son of Andrew). With the census, it now looks like the two Henrys are one. In a nut shell, to identify Henry Warren Bushong's lineage, we were looking for a Henry W. Bushong and we found one, with his family.

Indexed as Barber: full 1840 Census
BUSHONG LINEAGE: Henry Warren Bushong/ Jacob Bushong and Jane Bushong/ Anthony Andrew Bushong and Catherine Bushong/ Johann Nicholas Bushong and Anna Magdalena Schaffner/ Hans John Bushong (III) and Anna Maria Bushong/ Hans Boschung (II) and Anna Stocker/ Hans Boschung (I) and Anna Anneler/ Michael Studer-Boschung and Dichti Jaggi
However, Henry Warren Bushong, son of Jacob Bushong and Jane Bushong, followed an interesting trail. He would've been born in the 1790s, in Kentucky, and moved to Ross County, Ohio, sometime around his grandmother, Catherine's death in 1817. Shortly after he arrived in Ross County, in 1818, he married to Betsy Keezer, his first wife, who apparently died. Then in 1834, some 16 years later he remarried, Mary Delay, also in Ross County. According to his children's given place of birth, which is all, Ohio, he probably went to Tippecanoe County, Indiana around 1836. This would be after his son, Aaron's Ohio birth. Then he returned to Ohio, after the 1840 Census and before his son, Henry's 1841 (about) Ohio birth. He was not alone to quit Indiana, when the census taker was there in 1840, he marked W. F. Adams, a brother in law on the next line, as transient. This was Isabella Bushong Adam's husband and they were already leaving Indiana, en route to Illinois, where by the 1850 Census, they'd settled. Henry and Mary are known to have six children.
    Henry Warren Bushong, About 1795-1856
    Born Kentucky, died Ohio
    First wife: Betsy Keezer
    Second wife: Mary Delay

  • William Bushawn, 1835-1909
  • Aaron Wesley Bushawn 1836-1901
  • Henry Bushawn, about 1841-____
  • Eli Bushawn, about 1842-1865
  • Nancy N. Bushawn (Losh), 1844-1912
  • Mary Elizabeth Bushong (Hill), 1851-1933
When the American Civil War started, all four of Henry and Mary's patriotic sons, joined the Union Army.
  • William served with, Co. C of the 95th Regiment, Ohio Infantry, and also Co A, of the 1st Ohio Heavy Artillery
  • Aaron with Co. C 95th Ohio Infantry.
  • Henry served with Co. B of the 82nd Regiment, Ohio Infantry and also Co. A, 1st Regiment, Ohio Heavy Artillery.
  • Lastly Eli, who died of disease in the war, served in Co B. 176th Ohio Infantry.
But with their father having died in 1856, the correct spelling of their last name didn't get passed on by their mother. The boys signed up and inadvertently spelled their name Bushawn. Then because their military pensions were all in that name, they kept the spelling.

Want more details? It's all in the Bushong United Tree!

February 18, 2016
The Genealogist's Creed
"Primum non nocere"
First, do no harm.

The Genealogist's Creed recently came to mind. with a census record. This 1870 Census record has been posted on other blogs, and I am not the first to read the unusual comment a Virginian census taker left for this household. And finding it so unique, I thought about sharing it here....
"These People live in the woods and you can hardly tell whether they're Human or Brutes."

Augustus A. Hobson
July 8, 1870
Census taker
Christianburg, Montgomery County, Virginia
I'd never seen anything like it. But as I started to lay the page out, something about it kept nagging me, until it dawned on me what was wrong. It was exploitive. With Mr. Hobson's one-sided description of the Daniel Hinkle family, it painted a family in a bleak situation. But being so one-sided, it allows for no understanding or explanation of who the Hinkle family really was. Then I realized that publishing it without the Hinkle's side of it, had inadvertently violated the Genealogist's Creed,
"Primum non nocere"
Latin for "first, do no harm."
Because the Hinkle's couldn't speak for themselves, only Mr. Hobson, it doesn't give a complete and balanced understanding, only a negative one. As genealogists, writing about the dead, we have a commitment with our words, to "first do no harm." This is so important, because like the Hinkles on the census form, the dead can not defend themselves. In following the creed, a genealogist's responsibility is to honor those they write about and they should never needlessly bring harm or in any way reflect badly on them.

So how about Daniel Hinkle and his family? The day Augustus Hobson rode up on the Hinkle's camp, in July 1870, surely didn't go as he thought it would. The Hinkles must have been very leery of Hobson, who was also a Deputy Marshal. Being just five years after the end of the Civil War, there were still many displaced people and families that had not recovered, and the Hinkle's can probably be lumped in with them. But after that, I can find no sign of our Daniel. He and his wife, Johanna Rose Hinkle, just fade away. But his family was real and two of his sons, Joseph, and David, both married sisters, Bette and Mary Lookado and settled down, Mathus, married too. They had families, and are found in the census records. Mat in the 1880 Census, David in the 1880 Census both still living in Christianburg, Montgomery County, Virginia. But as for their meeting with Hobson, I'd like to think that rather than a clash of cultures, the Hinkles, who were obviously not very cooperative, were just giving him a hard time, or in other words, just "playing the fools." Mr. Hobson obviously couldn't take a joke.

And of our Augustus Hobson? 1870 Census, 1880 Census, 1900 Census, 1910 Census. The 1870 Census, was his last as a census taker, and by the 1880 Census, he'd left Virginia and moved to Bristol, Sullivan County, Tennessee, where he eventually became a magistrate. It should be remembered, a number of Bushongs also lived in Sullivan County. Regardless, Augustus A. Hobson died there, in 1910 and was buried in the East Hill Cemetery. Augustus Hobson, 1832-1910 on FindaGrave
But how ironic is the epitaph he had carved on his tombstone?

Augustus A. Hobson's tombstone.
Photo by Sue King, FindaGrave, used with permission, © all rights reserved
"Write me as one of those who loved his fellow men"
It can be certain Mr. Hobson, was not loving his fellow men, that Friday back in July 1870, when he ran across the Hinkle family.

February 16, 2016
Vetting Removes Two From
Jacob Bushong's Family

John Bushong had been considered for a son of Jacob Bushong and Jane Bushong, however, he has now been eliminated from the list, along with, Catherine Bushong (Miller). (discussed here) In vetting, his geographic association with other lines and resolving a conflict for his state of birth, (Pennsylvania vs Kentucky), it pretty well rules out Jacob Bushong as a father. Also the fact that John did not migrate to Indiana in the 1830s as Jacob's family did, speaks volumes. Later, after the 1840 Census, when he did move, it was to a different county.
John Bushong in Coshocton County in 1840, (click to enlarge), with Catherine and sons Moses and George.
    John Bushong in the 1840 Census-Ohio
  • John Bushong Monroe Township, Coshocton County, Ohio
  • Catherine Bushong Miller in the 1850 Census-Ohio
  • Catherine Bushong, wife of Simon Miller in the 1850 census, also stated born in Pennsylvania. In 1850 Census, a Simon and Catherine Miller, are living in, Jefferson, Coshocton County, Ohio, only nine miles away from John's Monroe Township of the 1840 Census.
John's 1850 Census in Turkey Creek, Kosciusko, Indiana, states he was born in Pennsylvania and it also indicates he arrived moved to Indiana after the 1846, birth in Ohio of a daughter and before the Indiana birth of a son, Nicholas, in February 1848. On the other hand, Jacob Bushong's family move to Tippecanoe County, Indiana prior to 1836 when a grandson, Charles was born, (son of Samuel Bushong and Rebecca Lesslie). By the 1840 Census, Jacob's family is found in three townships all in Tippecanoe County: Perry, Fairfield, and Sheffield. So that pretty well rules out Jacob and Jane as lineage for John Bushong.

February 8, 2016
Catherine Bushong Miller
Daughter of John Bushong and Anna Stover*

Catherine Bushon
married Simon Miller
Mar 29 1832 in Tuscarawas County, Ohio.
BUSHONG LINEAGE: Catherine Bushong/ John Bushong and Anna Stover/ John Jacob Bushong and Eva Catherine Bossert/ John Bushong and Elizabeth Sprenkel/ Hans John Bushong (IV) and Barbara Bushong Hans John Bushong (III) and Anna Maria Bushong/ Hans Boschung (II) and Anna Stocker/ Hans Boschung (I) and Anna Anneler/ Michael Studer-Boschung and Dichti Jaggi
Looking in the Bushong United Family Tree, there is one Catherine, who was not yet married and fits the age of our Catherine, the daughter of John Bushong (1784-1849) and Anna Stover. John and Anna's children are well documented with Bible records and period books. There is one big conflict though, and that is her place of birth. It states Pennsylvania in the 1850 Census, but if her parents were married in Virginia, then moved to Ohio, they'd have to go back to Pennsylvania, which is highly unlikely. So she was born in Ohio? But her two sons consistently state she was born in Pennsylvania. If it's a mix up, she was not alone in her family, to confuse Pennsylvania and Virginia, as a place of birth. Her alleged brother, David is said to be born in Pennsylvania according Biographical Memoirs of Jay County, Indiana: To which is Appended a Comprehensive Compendium of National Biography, originally published by B.F. Bowen in 1901. In fact David's son, Isaac listed Pennsylvania as his father's place of birth in virtually every census. Catherine is believed to have died in Coshocton County, Ohio, before the 1860 Census, when a 67 year old Simon Miller, is enumerated with no apparent family members. *It should be pointed out, that a different Catherine Bushong, a daughter of Johannes John Bushong and Barbara Kreighbaum, who married Abraham Ream in 1829 in Stark County, is virtually interchangeable with our Catherine. She was born also born in 1810 and though her 1850 Stark County residence lends credence to an association with Johannes John Bushong, they still could have been mixed up.

February 8, 2016
Indiana Bushong Families
and the Mystery of
John Bushong Husband of Catherine Miller

John Bushon
married Catherine Miller
Oct 13 1831 in Tuscarawas County, Ohio.
John Bushong, husband of Catherine Miller, is a mystery. He is undoubtedly related to the Colonial Bushong family, but it just can't be said which one. John was born, according to one census statement, in Pennsylvania, about 1810 and died in 1855. Of John and Catherine's children, sadly, none lived past 1877, and only one, Mary, who married Wesley Sroufe had any known descendants. After John's death, his wife, Catherine married two more times, first to John Michel, and second to Richard Harrison.

He's first noted in Coshocton County, Ohio in the 1840 Census, then John moved to Turkey Creek, Kosciusko County, Indiana between 1846 and 1848. Descendants of the Colonial Bushong family first arrived in Indiana in the 1820s, But by the mid 1850s dozens of Bushongs had migrated. They would make the state of Indiana into the second largest home for Bushongs, in the country, this based on census records through 1940, (Ohio has the most). In Indiana, for the 1850 Census, there were 13 individuals listed. It jumped in the 1860 Census to 50, and skipping ahead to 1940, there were 170 Bushongs enumerated in Indiana, (Ohio 300). * Exact spelling.

The emigration of Bushong families into Indiana, occurred in several periods and they had several good trails and passable roads into Indiana. The first known Bushong in Indiana was Johathan Bushong, 1803-1843, from Virginia. According to J. H. Beers & Co., in an Indiana Commemorative Biography, he and his wife, Mary Margaret Cordy, emigrated to Indiana from Virginia, in 1823 and settled in Hamilton County. Then in the mid 1830s some descended from Jacob and Jane Bushong (son of Anthony Andrew Bushong). came from Pickaway County, Ohio to Tippecanoe County. In the 1840s Bushongs charted to Johannes John Bushong and Barbara Kreighbaum, along with our John ended up in Kosciusko County. A year or two after the 1850 Census, John Joseph Bushong, 1812-1867, and wife, Margaret Catherine Keckley came to the same county. As will be seen, these last two families interacted.
 But who were John Bushong Parents?
  • He's not a son of John Bushong (1784-1849) and Anna Stover. Some of their 12 children moved to Indiana, but they are well documented with Bible records and period books. Further they were married in Virginia.
  • He's not a son of Peter Bushong (1793-1868) and Elizabeth Fertig. Though they and most of their eight children move to Indiana, they were married too late (1818) for our John.
  • He's not a son of John Jacob Bushong, (1754-1830) and Eva Catherine Bossert. Their son Peter moved to Kosciusko County, but their will identifies their descendants.
  • He's not a son of Henry W. Bushong (1763-1836) and Barbara Lohr. Though some of their 6 children move to Indiana in the 1830s. They also had sons named Jonathan and John (Solomon), and the children are listed in an 1837 civil suit over the estate.
  • He's not a son of John Bushong (1781-1840) and first wife Magdalena Bauserman, nor his second wife Catherine Ruffner. Though two sons moved to Indiana, their family is well documented with Bible and other records.
  • He's not a son of Johannes John Bushong (1787-1870) and Barbara Kreighbaum, unless they named three sons some form of John, (John, Jonathan, and Johannes)?
John stated he was born in Pennsylvania and Johannes John and Barbara Kreighbaum, were also from Pennsylvania. They have just a slim chance to be his parents. And with the popularity of the family name John, it's possible they used all three configurations of it, (Johannes, John, Jonathan). But their family is not well documented and they already are listed with 11 children. In addition, it's 63 miles from Monroe Twp., Coshocton County to Lake Twp., Stark County, Ohio. For reference, it's about 50 miles between Weller, Richland, Ohio, where John Joseph Bushong was in 1850

However, there is an association by John's widow Catherine Miller Bushong with another Bushong widow, Margaret Catherine Keckley Bushong, who was married to John Joseph Bushong, son of John Bushong and Anna Stover.
BUSHONG LINEAGE: John Joseph Bushong/ John Bushong and Anna Stover/ John Jacob Bushong and Eva Catherine Bossert/ John Bushong and Elizabeth Sprenkel/ Hans John Bushong (IV) and Barbara Bushong Hans John Bushong (III) and Anna Maria Bushong/ Hans Boschung (II) and Anna Stocker/ Hans Boschung (I) and Anna Anneler/ Michael Studer-Boschung and Dichti Jaggi
Following the death of her husband, Catherine, remarried in Kosciusko County, in 1866 to John Michel. What's interesting is John Michel lived next door to Margaret Catherine Keckley Bushong, for the 1870 Census. So it would seem a safe assumption that Catherine and John Michel met through Catherine Keckley Bushong, and that the two Catherine's (and families) knew each other.

So if John was born in Pennsylvania, and John Johannes Bushong and Barbara Kreighbaum are not the parents, there are few other candidates. Possibly he descends from Pennsylvanian William Bushong, 1759-1859, whose lineage is not known. He was living with the Haukes in Pennsylvania in 1850, and would be the correct age. But nothing else has been found about him. A descendant of one of the Pennsylvanian Bushongs, who fell through the crack. Maybe the future can answer to his mystery?

As usual, any Bushong discussed here is charted in the Bushong United Family Tree, with more details.

February 8, 2016
Bushong Genealogy Marches On
2015 - the Year in Review

This year has to go down as another banner year for Bushong United and Bushong genealogy! Yes, web traffic to Bushong United has nearly tripled, but more importantly, the Bushong family "jumped the pond"! Andrew and Nicholas have been tracked back to Germany. And next to be able to link them up with Hans Boschung (III) and Anna Maria Boschung, their Boschung family in Germany. Hans and Maria had also immigrated to Pennsylvania, only they were first, starting in Switzerland, then to Germany, and Pennsylvania. However, there was more, taking the Bushong-Boschung line back three more generations, all the way to Michel Studer and Dichtli Jaggi, in Boltigen, Bern, Switzerland. Meanwhile, to have it all confirmed by Dietmar Meyer, a German historian and author, from the same town as Andrew! Herr Meyer's comment...
"Emigration of this family to America was unknown in Palatinate until now."
That really resonated with me since it showed that not only were Nicholas and his family known there, but they had been missed by their German-born family since they disappeared from the area. Then Herr Meyer's transcriptions from the Waldfischbach and other area Parishes, added dates and specifics to Andrew's and his sibling's and helped fill in their stories. Here's a list of some high points...
  • The Bushong-Boschung family was traced to Germany. Read here.
  • Then to Switzerland. Read here.
  • Andrew was born in Schmalenberg, German. Read here.
  • Andrew's mother, Anna Magdalena Schaffner and her family were identified. Read here and here.
  • Nicholas' son, Henrich was traced to Virginia. Read here.
  • Nicholas has a brother, Andreas identified in Germany. Read here.
  • Andrew and Catherine's son, Jacob has descendants identified. Read here.
  • Abraham Rakestraw, husband of Lydia Bushong was identified in a Daguerreotype. Read here.
  • Hundreds of Bushong photos were added to the Bushong Photo Album. See it here.
 Still there's a lot of Bushong genealogy coming in 2016. There'll be more about Jacob Bushong, (son of Andrew) and Hans John Bushong (IV), and other items, coming down the pike. Watch for them!

Happy New Year! 
December 31, 2015
Jacob Bushong's Wife
Is Not Jane Nozler

Continuing to vet Jacob Bushong, it's a fact that the son of Anthony Andrew Bushong and Catherine Bushong, was married to a Jane. This is proven with transcriptions from multiple documents and deeds. But her maiden name is never stated. However when the marriage record of a Jane Nozler and Jacob Wishong, that occurred March 12, 1796, in Montgomery County, Virginia, was seen, many genealogists thought Wishong was really a mistranscription of Bushong. The similarity of the surnames, as well as a brother, (George), also being married in Montgomery County, made it seem more likely. Then, when this is coupled with the fact that both Andrew Bushong's and Jane's father, Boston Nozler, moved to Augusta County, (later Rockingham), Virginia, about the same time and had property fairly close to each other, it appeared confirmed.
BUSHONG LINEAGE: Jacob Bushong/ Anthony Andrew Bushong and Catherine Bushong/ Johann Nicholas Bushong and Anna Magdalena Schaffner/ Hans John Bushong (III) and Anna Maria Bushong/ Hans Boschung (II) and Anna Stocker/ Hans Boschung (I) and Anna Anneler/ Michael Studer-Boschung and Dichti Jaggi
But Jacob Bushong's Revolutionary War service was from Kentucky, and there is a listing for a Jacob Wishong as a Virginia Revolutionary War veteran, too. So Jacob Wishong really did exist.

Searching a bit, it was easy to find genealogists charting the Wishong. Some Wishong-Wishon-Wysong genealogists believe Jacob is descended from a Ludwig Wysong (Lodowick Weissang), of French descent, and a native of Strasbourg, Alsace. He went to Wales and enlisted in the British Army. His division was sent to America about 1717. But, when his term of enlistment expired, while in America, he decided to remain and become a colonist. He settled in York County, Pennsylvania and was a brick mason, where he married a Mary Hammer.

However, others believe, as I do, that Jacob is descended from one of the Wishong-Wishon brothers, Conrad and Philip, who are found in Daniel Rupp's 30,000 Names book, arriving in Philadelphia, November 25, 1740. Two of the Palatines imported in the ship Loyal Judith, carrying 265 passengers.

Interestingly, Jacob Wishong would also find his way into Ohio and he's listed in the 1820 Census, in Franklin Township, Jackson County, Ohio, This is only about 31 miles from where Jacob Bushong is enumerated in Ross County. Later in the 1830 Census Jacob Wishon, was again enumerated, still in Franklin Township, Jackson County, along with an obvious son, Jacob Jr., two households away. Note: there are 21 Franklin Townships in Ohio. There was also a Jacob Wysong in Butler, Montgomery County, Ohio. But, what are the odds that for the 1840 Census, Jacob Wishong would move to the same county, and same township as our Jacob Bushong was living for the 1820 census?
The 1840 Franklin Township, Ross County, Ohio Census.
What are the odds? In such a thinly populated township?? Click to enlarge.

Further more, he's living a little over 20 houses (households) away Jacob Bushong's old house? Some might think it's just a mistake by the enumerator, and that Jacob Bushong had moved from Pickaway County, back to Ross County. But no, it is Wishong not Bushong and the Wishong's had moved to Ross County, from Jackson County. The writing on the census record is clear and also Jacob Wishong Senior's house is right next to a Squire Hurl. In 1831, Squire Hurles had married Jacob's daughter Elizabeth Wishong, in Jackson County Ohio. The Wishong surname finally stabilized as "Wishon" and this is reflected in the 1,000 plus Wishon listed on, with only one Wishong.

As such there is substantial evidence that our Jacob Bushong's wife was not Jane Nosler-Nozler . This is now recorded in the Bushong United Family Tree and the term "vetting" in Jacob Bushong's wife's listing is changed to "ANCI" (indicates an interest in additional research for ancestors). So minus the incorrect marriage, and the Nozler parents it provided, it leaves very little we know about Jane. If anyone can provide any information, it would be greatly appreciated and would help fill in this obscure branch of Anthony Andrew Bushong and Catherine Bushong's descendants in the Tree.
      Jacob Bushong's Wife
  • Jane Bushong (maiden name unknown)
  • Born 17__ possibly Virginia or Kentucky died after 1830, maybe in Perry, Tippecanoe County, Indiana
  • Married ____
Happy Holidays!
December 30, 2015

An Interesting Find
A Pink "John and William" Passenger
Writes a Pamphlet on Voyaging to Pennsylvania

" they can avoid, on the desperate journey they plan for themselves, the greatest hardship and privations"
This is interesting. An obscure pamphlet about German immigration to Colonial America: Well-Meant Information as to How the Germans, Who Wish to Travel to Pennsylvania, Should Conduct Themselves". But surprisingly, it was written by Leonard Melchior, a fellow voyager, of the Bushong-Boschungs on the infamous crossing of the Pink "John and William." Originally published October 19, 1749, in German, it is now fully translated, on the Bushong United Website.

Mr Melchior, discusses many aspects of the voyage, in a well written attempt to educate his German countrymen, about the steps, procedures, and costs involved in the undertaking. His rules and guidelines, illustrate just how difficult a journey our ancestors made.

Read it here, or from the Articles button, above.

Happy Thanksgiving!
November 25, 2015

  Update: Bushong Heritage For Sale Sold!
The Sallie Gilbert Photo Album
150 Year Old, Bushong Photos Spotted on eBay!

  Listed on eBay...

The owner of the Sallie Gilbert identified photo album from the 1860s has put the album up for auction on eBay! It has many rare photographs including Henry Bushong, Esther Valentine Bushong, Jacob Bushong, and Margaret Hobson Bushong, who were all members of the Underground Railway. Read the article about the album here, and read about Jacob and the Underground Railway posted here.

The auction runs until November 11th and the current price is $200. See and bid on the item here, (opens in new tab), - The Sallie Gilbert Photograph Album on eBay.

  This is your chance to buy a rare piece of the Bushong Heritage! Help keep it in the family!

Ultimately, wherever it ends up, unless it's someone's direct family line, this beautiful photo collection of Bushong family members and their friends from the community, really belongs in a Lancaster area museum for all to see.

The auction has ended, and Sallie's album sold for $371.99! I even put in a bid, hoping to unite it with descendants. I will try and confirm, however it looks like the album now belongs to another collector. But what a missed opportunity by Bushong descendants to bring a nice bit of heritage back into the Bushong Family. Maybe it will come back on the market again? At least for now, we have the digital copies that the prior owner, Carol Sneddon was good enough to share.
It has now been confirmed, that the album was purchased by another collector. This time Sallie's album is going from California to West Virginia. If someone needs it, I have the new owner's address. Thankfully, the new owner has also indicated that he'd like to keep the album together, and he has no plans of splitting it up.

November 5, 2015
updated: November 11, 2015
updated: November: 17, 2015

Who Is
A. Maria Bushung "eine Rahab"
, (a Prostitute)?
Of Lancaster Co. Pennsylvania, 1767-1771

I spotted this in an old Bushong Bulletin the other day and found it interesting...

Sources & Documents of the Pennsylvania Germans: II
page 137: 19 Apr 1767 "Holy Communion was held in Earl
- Comm. with the following confirmands present:
Bushungin, A.Maria - eine Rahab"
page 142: 1768 Confirmands A. M. Bishungin
page 142 13 May 1768 Confirmands A. M. Bushungin
page 144 1769, Confirmands A. M. Bushungin
page 146 15 Apr 1770, Confirmands M. Bushungin
page 149: 18 May 1771, Confirmands A. M. Bushungin
From the Bushong Bulletin Volume 2, number 2, page 17, submitted by Judy Cassiday, (records go on to 1812, but aren't noted).

Looking it up, Rahab is an old word from the Hebrew Bible and Old Testament, not German and in the Bulletin, Judy correctly translated "eine Rahab" a prostitute. The suffix "in", added to Bushung is a common German suffix used on female surnames, and A. Maria Bushungin is undoubtedly from the Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, Bushong family. But who is she? Her parents aren't known. The name Maria was such a common name, and it was added to almost any name, much like Anna, which is probably the first name, so she is probably Anna Maria Bushung. Or could our subject have three first names, like some in the early lines did? For instance, Johann Anton Andreas, or his sister, Maria Barbara Julianna.

It can only be speculated, but of the immigrants, there's only one daughter of Hans John Bushong, the immigrant, whose whereabouts after immigration, hasn't been tracked, All the others are well documented and that leaves his daughter, Christianna, who was age three in 1731 when she arrived in Philadelphia. That would make her born in 1728 or so. Could her full name have included some configuration of Anna Maria? Maria Christianna Boschung or Christianna Maria Boschung? Christianna, has often been mentioned with a middle name of Elizabeth, but this has never been proven, and is likely little more than incorrect "family lore."

So, was it Hans' and Barbara's daughter, who in 1767 was called "eine Rahab"? At age 39, she would have been a little old to still be still "practicing the profession." But with such conservative religious mores, prevalent in the Lutheran and Reformed Churches, of the day, it's certainly possible, that the adage "once a sinner always a sinner" could have applied. Christianna would have been around 21 when her father, Hans died in 1749, but his will doesn't list his daughter's names. Also there's a 1772 Lancaster County land indenture, where Hans Bushong's descendants, sell their land, inherited from their father, to their brother, Philip. Only there is absolutely no mention of Christianna. Had she died? Without heirs? Or had she been cut out of her father's will, for her profession?

  • Mary Eckman, Her X mark and Seal
  • Barbara Grimm, Her X mark and Seal
  • John Boshong, His Signature and Seal
  • Jacob Bushing, His Signature and Seal
Christianna's siblings. Her brother, Philip, was listed elsewhere, as he was buying the property.

On the other hand, was our subject, Nicholas' son, Andrew's daughter by his first wife, Maria Catrina? Born September 5 1746, in Cocalico, also in Lancaster County, she was baptized Maria Julianna but after that, nothing else is known, and it is thought that she died young. But she would have been twenty years old at the time. Her father had moved to Virginia by then, having left Pennsylvania before 1754.

  So the question is: who was A. Maria Bushung? Hans and Barbara's daughter, or possibly Andrew and Maria Catrina's daughter? If not, who was she and what happened to Christianna and Maria Julianna?

October 18, 2015


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Featured Bushong Articles         

The Origin of the
Bushong-Boschung Surname

For well over a hundred years, American genealogists, have been documenting and charting the Bushong surname. A name which is derived from a native tongue that most, if not all of them, are completely unfamiliar with - Schweizerdeutsch or translated, Swiss German....
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The 1930 Census
Bushongs Are Charted

In a genealogical charting project, completed in December 2011, the entire Bushong Family as found in the 1930 U.S. Census, was charted state by state, Bushong by Bushong from All the 1930 Census information was entered into a modern and easily searched and archived database, a GEDCOM. The results...
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DNA Proves
There's Only One
Colonial Bushong Line

Down through the generations, there's always been family genealogists who believed the Bushong Family, consisted of literally dozens of family lines, with numerous immigrants arriving on American shores in the Colonial period. Then, in 2011...
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The Immigrant
Anthony Andrew Bushong
Part 1: Pennsylvania Years

On a sunny fall day in 1732, when Andreas Boschung, sailed into the Colonial Philadelphia Harbor, aboard a tiny ship, there was no telling what the future held for him. However, this young lad, not yet 16, was to begin one of the two American Bushong family lines. Following a life of exploration...
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The Immigrant
Anthony Andrew Bushong
Part 2: Andrew's Return

In America, war began again in 1754. The long simmering problems between Britain, France, and the Indian Nations, including the Delaware and Shawnee, erupted...
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Beyond Bushong Part 1:
Johann Nicholas Boschung
Pennsylvania and Germany

For the chance of new lives, new freedoms and new opportunities, Johann Nicholas Boschung, his wife, Magdalena, and their children, risked it all. They endured intense hardship, hunger and suffering to sail to America, even probably watching a son die on the voyage...
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Beyond Bushong Part 2:
Der Schweizerische Boschung
(A Swiss Family Bushong)

The newly identified, Hans John Boschung (Senior), discussed in Part One, immigrated to Pennsylvania sometime before 1719. As established, he and his wife, Anna Maria, are the parents of Nicholas and brother, John, (Junior). Given this, it is natural to look to the charts with the hope of extending their ancestry...
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Pink "John and William"
Captain Tymperton
The Immigrants Voyage

On the west bank of the Philadelphia Harbor in 1732, a small ship, named "John and William" finally pulled along side of the docks and cast its lines. It was very late, and out of eleven ships, that carried immigrants to Pennsylvania that year, it was the last to arrive...
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Voyage of the
Pink "John and William"

The story continues...
the dead and the mutineers...
...the return trip to Lisbon...
...a surprising new career
for Captain Tymperton...
"John and William" becomes a slave ship and her shocking end
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Murder Lurks
on the
Pink "John and William"

In 1732, a long and lethal transatlantic crossing, ended when the Pink "John and William," finally docked in Philadelphia. For the entire voyage, none aboard were aware, that one amongst them was being stalked by more than starvation and disease. None but one, a fellow voyager, whom they trusted. But this voyager was no immigrant, seeking freedom...
Read More

Land Warrant Survey Maps Lancaster and Dauphin Co. Pennsylvania

Select warrant survey maps, centering around Andrew Bushong and Hans Bushong, from Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, and Dauphin County when it was created ...
Read More

The Frontiersman & the Lady
John and Jenette Part 1

Over 250 years ago, on Wednesday, September 17, 1760, John Bushong, was born, in Wilmington, New Castle County, Delaware. He was the fourth child of Johann Anthony Andrew Bushong, (Sr.), but the first child with his second wife, Catherine...
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The First Bushongs in Ohio
John and Jenette Part 2

It was in the spring of 1797, at the age of 36, that John Bushong left his Kentucky home, wife, and family and trekked off to the north east. The pioneer inevitably traveled overland and by river and ended up some 160 miles away, deep in the Northwest Territory, making him the first Bushong in the territory...
Read More

John Bushong Senior
1825 Ohio Estate Papers

These are the Probate/Estate papers of John Bushong Senior, (1760-1825) whose first wife was Jennette Young Summers and second wife was the widow Elizabeth Breedlove. The collection of documents range from 1822 thru 1825 and up to 1830...
Read More

William Wilhalm Bushong
1837 Estate Papers
Columbiand Co., Ohio

He was named Wilhelm, according to the Register of the First Reformed Church, York, Pennsylvania, the son of Johannes Buschong and Elizabeth (Sprenkel). Sometime before 1778, not yet twelve years old, he moved with his family to Shenandoah County...
Read More

Jacob Bushong
Daguerreotype Discovered
In Rare Charter Oak Case

I was recently contacted by a Daguerreotype collector, who I'm pleased to announce has discovered and acquired a photograph of one of Henry Bushong (1783-1870) and Sarah Gilbert's (1787-1831) family...
Read More

Bushong-Rakestraw Daguerreotypes
Are Sold!

What a family treasure to lose! Eleven Images from the Bushong Rakestraw Clan were sold On March 9, 2013, at the Daguerreian Society 2013 Symposium Annual Benefit Auction....
Read More

Lancaster Bushongs
The Sallie Gilbert Hagee
Photo Album

What an exciting find and rare opportunity! Forty-nine newly rediscovered photographs. All in an original and untouched, Civil War era photo album. Also, it's fully identified with a total of 23 surnames! In this world, there are so many old photos without names and so many ancestors, who've never been seen...
Read More

The 180 Year Old
Bushong Place,
Roanoke, Virginia

There are three beautiful black and white photographs, taken in the 1930s, of a two story brick house in Roanoke Virginia, titled "Bushong Farm, Salem Vicinity, Roanoke County, Virginia", in the Library of Congress...
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Albert Bushong, Dentist
Doc Bushong, Catcher

Albert John Bushong, DDS, better known as "Doc Bushong" was one of the most famous Major League Baseball catchers of the 19th century, and is one of a few actual celebrities in the Bushong family. He was also a major contributor to the final transformation of the catcher's mitt...
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John Chester Bushong

John Chester Bushong was born on a Sunday, September 12, 1869, near Columbus Grove, Putnam County, Ohio. But it was his quest for knowledge and his passion for photography that would take him many places. Truly a man for all seasons he was successful in many pursuits...
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The Front Page
At a Glance

The Front Page listed in chronological order and Feature Articles listed...
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Help Wanted

Want to help? Though a lot has been figured out about the Colonial Bushong family, there is still much that could be done. If you'd like to help, look below at the projects that help is needed.

Credit will be given for all contributions.

Identifying ANCI's

In the Bushong United Tree, this term is added to the first name for those charted who's parents or lineage is not known. There are over 70 currently listed, from dates in the 1700s and into the late 1900s, some could be very easy and some could be extremely difficult.

Care to try your hand? Type in "ANCI" into a first name search of the Bushong United Tree to see them all.
Church Records

The LDS Libraries have most of the church records, from Germany and Switzerland on microfilm. They are sort of indexed, yet still require reading and interpreting the ancient German script.

This is a targeted approach, and specific places, dates, and people can be provided. There are already researchers working on it, but more are needed.

If you can get to an LDS library, near you and aren't afraid of the old hand writing, contact me so the searches can be coordinated.
Finding Old Photos

Old photos are extremely rare and important for a family's heritage. Bushong United is collecting them for all Bushongs through the sixth generation from the immigrants. Some are hidden in shoeboxs and others behind false walls at These are so important that any means necessary should be used to bring them into the public Bushong Heritage and protect them.

Want to know if a photo is from the first six generations? Email me or search the Bushong United family tree, for the immigrants, Hans John Bushong or Johann Nicholas Bushong, then select the "Pedigree" view and count how many generations to the immigrant. If it's six, including the immigrant then there's a place for it.
Filling in the Blanks

The Bushong United family tree has thousands of individuals in it. Most of the names are documented with some census or other civic records, and possibly Find a Grave memorial's copied into it. But some, mostly from previously documented lines, are blank in the notes, with no proof provided. Though the relationships are probably correct, the proof should be also added to their notes.

If you find one like that and would like to help, from or any other suitable place, copy and paste their civic records into one email, and send it so it can be included in their notes.
Find John Bushong's
Pre 1719 Warrant

If Daniel Rupp can find it,
so can we
It stands to reason that if John Bushong's (III) Lancaster land warrant was on the 1719 tax list that Daniel Rupp transcribed into his book, then the list or possibly the "early warranties" list, can be found again. They often have details.

Possibly it is even online at the Pennsylvania Historical & Museum Commission website,here. On the other hand only part of the early warranties are available on line, so it may require a visit.