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The Bushong United Family Tree
Front Page

Welcome to the Bushong United Family Tree Project.

Welcome to the Bushong United Website, dedicated to the genealogy of the Colonial American Bushong family and the preservation of its historical heritage.

However here, you won't find the same genealogy for the early Bushong ancestors, handed down from grandparents or even parents, and if you're not up to challenging old family-lore, then this site may not be for you. Because the Bushong United Website, differs with most of them and can prove virtually every Bushong in America is descended from the same line. That line is the Boschung family, who immigrated to Colonial Pennsylvania in at least three voyages over some 13 years.

Here, meticulously researched and based on facts, the Bushong Tree travels past any other book, website, or genealogist. Over 100 years past. In the real Bushong Tree, the tree ascends at least four more generations, into Germany and ultimately, the beautiful Simmental alpine valley in the Bernese Oberland of Switzerland. If you read, you will see that's where the facts lead and much more about the Bushong-Boschung Family. Otherwise, you can stick with family-lore, or some family genealogist and end your Bushong tree where it is.

Rick Bushong

Any Bushong discussed here and thousands more, are charted in the Bushong United Family Tree at Rootsweb.
Note: these articles, images, and photographs will not be here, online, forever. If any of this information is relevant to your family, copy it, archive it, and back it up!

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A Swiss Bushong
Coat of Arms

There is obviously a desire by most people, charting Bushong Family to visually represent ancestors in their trees, where there is a place for it. Digital trees, though not archival, are an excellent place to display, images like personal photographs, which of course, would be top priority, but in lieu of that, tombstone photos, wills or paper, signatures or in some cases, a coat of arms. Any of these would be correct and a welcome addition to list, catalog, and display as part of the heritage of an ancestor's. All except the coat of arms for Bushong. The Bushong and their ancestral Swiss Boschung line, never had a coat of arms. read article Also it would seem logical that, in order for someone to earn a coat of arms, they actually had to "bear arms". But the few original Boschung lines of Switzerland were inevitably a peace loving family. As such, there is no record or mention of them at arms anywhere, (except from memory, one Catholic mercenary from Jaun), until the American Revolutionary War, long after the age of heraldry.

It's true they never had a coat of arms, though there is still interest in some kind of image to represent them. But possibly there is one that is, less incorrect? A coat of arms or a crest that could represent the Colonial Bushong Family? So, based on the red and white colors of their Fatherland, Switzerland with their traditional cross, four crests with the following variations have been prepared.


There are already three or four different versions of the incorrect French coat of arms, being used, by many of those charting Bushong, which would probably make our Bushong ancestors roll over in their graves. So to establish and standardize a Swiss version, choose a Swiss crest/shield/coat of arms for your Bushong family. Vote for your favorite version, and it might be the one to represent all of the American Colonial Bushong family.

May 4, 2015

Were the Colonial American Bushongs
German-Swiss or French?

I have recently picked up genealogy searches again into the many branches of my family tree, mainly playing around on My mother's maiden name is Bushong and I traced our lineage all the way back to the same Boschongs that you speak of who came to the United States and settled in Pennsylvania.

Your site is the first I'm hearing of the German-Swiss heritage. My grandfather told my mother that we were of French heritage, and everything I had found on was saying he was born in, married in, and emigrated from France. Is there more information about the Bushongs connection to France?
Lia Lanham
  A tip of the hat to Lia. Thank you for your question to the Bushong United Website. It is a very good question that should be discussed and I will endeavor to answer it.

First, it needs to be mentioned, Boschung is the correct spelling of the surname. The misspelling, "Boschong" with an "ong" is found only a few times in the historical record, written by a few who were unfamiliar with the surname. Meaning, no Boschungs used that misspelling. It's a mishmash of the original name and the anglicized version of its suffix, "ung".

As to the Bushong-Boschung family being from France, there's no doubt your grandfather thought they were from France. In my family, from my great grandmother, all the way down the tree, our ancestors were always the Beauchamp, from France. Where did it come from? It isn't known, but there were several books published as early as 1900 that said so. Possibly that was the beginning of it. Later in 1928, legendary (for the Bushong family), genealogist Mary Feller Wickes, incorrectly identified Jean Buchain, the tailor, and Barbara Foltz de Haguenau, as Hans John Bushong and the progenitors of the line. (see article) Her tree became the foundation for most of Hans John Bushong's descendants. That's surely where the idea of Jean Bushong of Strasbourg and Barbara Foltz, originated. But in the end, her misidentification has been proven completely wrong and so were the books. Though none provided any valid proof, and these mistakes and assumptions became the sources for their descendant's heritage.

And that is what you're seeing on, genealogy based solely on family lore. They're just filling in their trees from old hearsay. So now, what the majority of members show, for the line of Hans John Bushong, is some configuration of Jean Bushong-Boschung-Beauchamp born 1692 in Strasbourg, France, and married to Barbara Foltz de Haguenau. Many even sport the French Bushong coat of arms, which is also incorrect.(see article) But in light of more current information, this can all be recognized for what it really is, myths and lore and definitely not any kind of credible genealogy.

In order to become familiar with the current state of the Bushong genealogy, the credibility of the information and sources published on this website and in the Bushong United Family Tree, hosted at, will have to be read and weighed against hearsay on Starting with the article, The Origin of the Bushong-Boschung Surname. (read article) It shows the first documented Boschung in Switzerland in the 1520's, which really proves it to be a German-Swiss surname. Then, it needs to be acknowledged that there was only one line of Colonial Bushong immigrants, since both immigrants from 1731 and 1732, Hans John Bushong and Johann Nicholas Bushong were related and accept for their father, mentioned below, there were no others. (read article)

But of the claim they were French? As mentioned, there are several books, that call them French Huguenots, however not all books published at the beginning of the 20th century made that mistake. Even Professor I. Daniel Rupp's monumental book, Collection of 30,000 Names of German, Swiss, and French, Pennsylvanian Immigrants, published in 1875, includes John Buschong in the list of Swiss and German Settlers in Lancaster County 1709 - 1730. (read it here, page 438) John Buschong, who has been recently identified as the father to Johann Nicholas and likely brother Hans John, had immigrated from Germany to the part of Chester County, from which Lancaster County was created. He arrived and had secured land, all prior to 1719. (read article) Along with this "elder" John Buschong, it is known that both Colonial immigrants, Hans John and Nicholas, originally settled in Lancaster County. Some of their descendants, through Hans John, still live there. In the May 1909 issue of "The Pennsylvania-German : devoted to the history, biography, genealogy, poetry, folk-lore and general interests of the Pennsylvania Germans and their descendants", they recognized the Bushong surname as Swiss (German-Swiss) and correctly listed it, with their other Swiss and German compatriots, who all arrived before 1735. (read it here, page 201) But further, according to the same book (page 203), there were very few French in Lancaster County. In fact, they note only five French families among Lancaster County's early settlers, two Huguenots, and three French Canadians, none named Bushong, Beauchamp or Boschung.

There is other evidence, of their German-Swiss heritage, including mention of some wills written fully in German, and Hans John Bushong's nephew, Anthony Andrew Bushong stating he was Swiss when he was pressed into the militia in 1746. Though he was probably really born in Germany, he still identified Switzerland as the Fatherland and Swiss as his heritage. But, perhaps most telling of all, is the phrase that begins like this....

"Hier ruhen die Gebeine" (Here lie the bones) ...they carved their tombstones in German.
Full transcription... "Hier ruhen die Gebeine, Anna Eva Bushong, Gebohren den 22 July AD 1733, Gestorben den 19 June AD 1778, Im Ihres Alters 44 Jahre 11 Monathe weniger 3 Tage"
(Here lie the bones, Anna Eva Bushong, born the 22 July AD 1733, Died the 19 June AD 1778 In their age 44 years 11 Months less 3 days)

Anna's 1778 tombstone. Click to enlarge. Photo compliments of M. Campbell.
All rights reserved.

Anna Eva Hergard Bushong's stone, (left), in the Salem Evangelical Reformed Church, Hellers, in Lancaster, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, is completely carved in German, as are tombstones of other Bushongs and many other graves. And virtually all begin with the same German phrase, "Hier Ruhen" yet none are inscribed "se trouve ici" or "à la mémoire de"(French for "here lies" or "in memory of"). Anna Eva Hergard Bushong, was Hans Philip Bushong's wife, and though she died over 40 years after Hans Philip's and his parent's immigration to America, German was obviously still his primary language, because he had it carved on his wife's tombstone. Just from the funerary evidence alone the case is overwhelming but also illustrates just how deeply the German-Swiss heritage ran in the Lancaster community. To see Anna Eva Bushong's memorial, click here.
  Reviewing the evidence...
  • The Boschung name is in Switzerland in the 1500's
  • Books published as early as 1875 say they were of German-Swiss descent
  • They lived in a German community
  • Their offspring state they were from Switzerland
  • And most convincing of all, they carved their tombstones in German.
If there's any evidence at all that they were French, that could compare with this, it certainly hasn't been seen.

Did the Colonial Bushong ever live in France? It's quite possible, but if they did, then they were German-Swiss refugees, who stayed only a few years. There is family-lore, of an old letter, in the Hans John Bushong family saying they lived in Strasbourg, France for 7 years prior to their immigration in 1731. That would be between 1724-1731, and would put the births of daughters, Anna Barbara Bushong Grimm (1725-1808) and Christianna Bushong (1728-___) in France, if it is true. But the letter hasn't been seen in decades, and has probably been lost. Also, there is evidence that at least one Boschung was living in Strasbourg, Bas-Rhin, France, in 1715, when a Magdelena Boschung, married Hanns Bernard Karle. Her father, Christian Boschung was from Switzerland and was married in 1691 in Saanen, canton Bern to Esther Roschu. Christian has been theorized to be a brother of Hans John and Nicholas. (read article)

However there are a few charted Bushong lines that are actually French, and one of them immigrated to America in the 1880's. They are a distinct line of French Canadians, who according to Canadian Census records, were Catholic. The Colonial Bushong were Protestant, and they immigrated, to get away from Catholics and their oppressive doctrine, so this is inevitably a different line. And since there is apparently a French Bushong coat of arms, that would establish the surname in France before the 1500's and the end of the age of heraldry.(read article) But this Bushong line's name is presumably a metamorphosis of a different French surname, that had been anglicized. Who knows what it started out as, possibly they were the Bushong-Beauchamp of lore?. Never the less England and France in the days of heraldry were "royally" Catholic, and the Colonial Boschung were definitely not French Catholic. Finally, Colonial Bushong DNA has been compared to the French Beauchamp's and it does not match, settling that myth.

So this leaves the Bushong genealogist, be they hobbyist or expert, with no other option but to show their tree is of German-Swiss ancestry. Though in reality whether or not the Bushongs were French probably isn't really all that important to the bulk of them. To them, it's just another blank to fill in, just another name, or another distant maternal line. And that is why it is necessary to question all unsupported assertions and relationships. Though they could be true or at least have a kernel of truth, they are not a good foundation for a credible family tree and if it's published, it's not good for the Bushong Family Heritage.

April 29, 2015

Abraham Rakestraw
Husband of Lydia Bushong
Daguerreotype Identified!

Finally a positive identification for one of the Rakestraw-Bushong Clan photographs, sold in 2013, out of the Rakestraw-Bushong family for $350.(read article)

While looking through the Bushong photos tucked away on, I found a photocopy made from a book, of Abraham Rakestraw, complete with a facsimile of his signature. The title of the book, in order to read more and find a better image, was unfortunately not noted. But, from this website, a subscriber, "ljoseph193" (most use the nonsensical names, assigned by, had copied one of the Rakestraw-Bushong Clan Collection, specifically, the daguerreotype of the old white haired gentleman, and compared it to the photocopy. They obviously noticed the striking similarities, listing him as Abraham Rakestraw.

BUSHONG LINEAGE: Abraham Rakestraw and Lydia Bushong/ Henry Bushong and Sarah Gilbert/ Johannes John Bushong and Eve Dorothea Eckman/ Hans Philip Bushong and Anna Eva Hergard/ Hans and Barbara Bushong, the immigrants.

The Pennsylvanian Quaker Bushong family of Lancaster County, joined with the Rakestraws, in 1834, when Henry Bushong and Sarah Gilbert's daughter, Lydia married Abraham. Abraham was born in 1799 in New Jersey, and died in 1874 in Lancaster County. Since the daguerreotype format had died out very quickly after 1860, if it were Abraham, he would be around 61 years old or younger. But when I looked at the Dag, the old gentleman seemed older than 61, or at least too old to live another 13 years. Though this proved to be in error, because comparing the Dag with the book plate, the similarity was remarkable...

Still, with the harshness of the photocopy it was hard to be positive they were a match. So, to take it a step further, since both subjects were seated virtually alike, I superimposed the two images, and this ghostly image emerged...

Notice, it's visible where the two images don't match, for instance, the different hand positions, but the faces match exactly. On all features, it's a dead match, meaning our daguerreotype has been identified. But now the next question is, from the collection, could the older, matronly woman, who appears to be the wife, be Lydia Bushong? Henry Bushong and Sarah Gilbert's daughter, born in 1807 and aged 53 or younger? She doesn't look much like Henry, but we don't have her mother, Sarah's photo, so let's compare her with a potential brother, Jacob...
Lydia Bushong Rakestraw? Click to compare.

Jacob Bushong and the woman look a lot a like, and look like brother and sister to me. But you decide. If true, more of the photos in the "lost collection" may be identified.

March 29, 2015

Out of the Shoebox
Samantha V. Rice Bushong
What a Beautiful Photo

Some may have noticed a beautiful new photograph added to the Bushong United Photo Album. In full color, with such a beautiful young woman, it certainly stands out...
    A tip of the hat to Jane Aronholt, for sharing her tree, where Samantha's photo was found, it had been previously added there, by Jeffrey Adams.
BUSHONG LINEAGE: Samantha V. Rice, wife of John Stout Bushong/ James S. Bushong and Drusilla Stout/ George Bushong and Lydia Rush*/ John Bushong and Jennette Young Summers/ Anthony Andrew Bushong and Catherine Bushong/ Johann Nicholas Bushong and Magdalena Bushong, the immigrants. *traditional lineage.
Samantha Violetta Rice was born in Putnam County, Ohio, Feb 21 1843. In 1864, she married John Stout Bushong, and they had seven children. Tragically, Samantha was killed in 1894, by a runaway horse, in Lockney, Floyd County, Texas.

The image of Samantha is obviously a copy of an earlier photograph. The copy was made likely in the early 1900's and hand-colored. Judging from her age in the photo, she was quite young, certainly younger than twenty? She was nineteen when she was married. So the original photo would have been taken before 1863. If I had to hazard a guess, looking at the detail and the tonal range, the original was an ambrotype and the copying and oil coloring was masterfully done. But then, when it is considered that, one of her children was none other than, John Chester Bushong, the well known and award-winning photographer, it all becomes article The copy is the work of Chester, and it was surely by his hand that such a beautiful, hand-colored image could have emerged. Chester protected his mother's one-of-a-kind ambrotype, by making copies on more modern photo-paper, that for one, wouldn't break, and then they could be dispersed to other family members. In a sense, he was bringing the photo out of a shoebox. And it's a good bet that he got the color of his mother's eyes, hair and even her ring, correct.

It's only one photograph from's "shoebox", but at least it's now publicly available for descendants. If Samantha is an ancestor of yours, take a good copy of it, back it up, and print it, if you can. It's just too valuable and important to be lost from yours or the Bushong family heritage.

March 14, 2015

Bushong Heritage
Lost is Lost
Online or in a Shoebox

I've been sharing my photos for over 30 years and have always encouraged everyone to do so. So it always is amazing when others won't. Genealogist, Damon Hostetler can attest, he and his mother, Bette, got their original copies of the George Bushong and Lydia Rush photographs from me, in the 1980's, back in the days of the Bushong Bulletin. So did many others. Because of sharing, George and Lydia's photos can be found, all over the web, and many many people have them. The result is, they are now safely stored on literally hundreds of servers, hard drives, and memory sticks, not to mention, in books and framed on walls. This is as it should be, since George and Lydia are ancestors to over 10% of the Bushong family tree, with almost 650 descendants, and many more still to be identified. George and Lydia's photographs are part of their heritage and it's available to each and every one of them, because after all, it really belongs to all of them.

In order to collect, catalog, and preserve the Bushong photographic Heritage in the Bushong United Photo Album, the web has been literally scoured, seeking photographs of the all of the first six generations, from immigration. Luckily there have been around 150 over 300 photographs of Bushong ancestors and their spouses located. All have been restored and corrected, (where needed) and displayed in the album for every single descendant to have and enjoy and pass on to their children.

But there are many more hidden away in shoe boxes, and other places, such as online. Many of these are hidden behind false walls created by, for example, and Facebook. It's hard to fathom, people paying for a subscription, then giving (uploading) their photos, only for to turn around and use those photos to make money, by only allowing paid subscriptions to see them. Just checking, there are nine or ten different members sporting George and Lydia's portraits, and they won't let anyone see them unless they pay the subscription. By the way, George (of George and Lydia), was not named, nor never used Washington for a middle name. It's just careless genealogy to add on Washington to every George from the era, without a middle name. Continuing, Facebook is not much better. First they down size (maximum height or width, 520 pixels), and degrade the images, then, even more amazing, they own any image you give them (upload) to do what ever they choose in the future, even if it's deleted. Even then, it's not public and requires membership, then after that, there are private groups that won't share.

The result is, these photographs of Bushong Ancestors, are locked behind walls. They need to be made public, because they belong to so many descendants and for that matter, all the Bushong family. As Secretary of State Edwin Stanton said of President Lincoln shortly after his death, April 15, 1865, "Now he belongs to the ages".source So do these photographs. They are the bonafide heritage of thousands of descendants. In light of this, to knowingly keep them hidden behind the false subscription wall of or Facebook's private members-only walls, is irresponsible and no better than putting them in a shoebox.

Here's a few examples from From the descriptions and the parameters of the search, they all appear to be among the first six generations of Bushongs and just what the Bushong United Photo Album is looking for. This is how they are described...
  1. Elizabeth A Bushong Archer Photo (Portrait) Elizabeth Ann Bushong (born 1817)
  2. mary m snapp (Portrait) Mary Margaret Bushong (born 1820)
  3. William Harvey Zirkle and his mother Helena Bushong Zirkle (Portrait) Helena Bushong (born 1821)
  4. Harriet J Gillam 1824 1900 (Portrait) Harriet J Bushong (born 1824)
  5. William Davis And Elizabeth White Bushong (Portrait) Location: Metcalf, KY William Davis Bushong (born 1832)
  6. Hannah E (Portrait) Hannah E. Bushong (born 1837)
  7. The families of James Bushong (seated left-center) and Bill Bushong (right-center). (Portrait) James Sanford Bushong (born 1848)
  8. Frederick Keller Bushong (Portrait) Location: Arlington, OH Fredrick Keller Bushong (born 1849)
  9. Bushong (Portrait) Eva Anna Bushong (born 1852)
  10. CEM46849986_115429759410 Bushong, Luther father of Amelia Cornelia Amer Bushong Leinweber wife of Emil (Portrait) Luther D. Bushong (born 1852)
  11. Leah Nora Bushong Fox 1856-1930 (Portrait) Leah Nora "Lillie" Bushong (born 1856)
  12. Eliza Brady (Portrait) Eliza Jan Bushong (born 1864)
  13. emma bushong (Portrait) Location: Minneapolis, Hennepin, Minnesota, USA Emma J Bushong (born 1864)
  14. Thomas J. Bushong and Anna Bushong (Norris) (Portrait) Death: 1936 Thomas Jackson Bushong (born 1864)
  15. Aunt Sally Bushong Whitley (Portrait) Sallie Camilla Bushong (born 1870)
  16. JT with parents (Portrait) John Tolbert Bushong (born 1872)
These are just a few they have listed, all hidden away, from hundreds and hundreds of Bushong descendants and thousands of Bushongs. Here's another example, talking about the purported Anderson M. Bushong ambrotype, and photos of him...
In every photo that we have of Anderson M. Bushong, he is sporting a beard as are all his other immediate male relatives. The photo shown at Perry Adams is clean shaven and would be too young a man for Anderson at the time the photo was taken. Anderson would have been in his mid 30s when the photo was taken. This guy looks to be in his 20s. Anderson M. Bushong was right handed and this young man is left handed. We have all concluded that this is not Anderson M. Bushong. Gloria Neiger Bushong Boschong[sic] List: here
In every photo? How many are there? Now it is claimed, there are several photographs of Anderson M. Bushong, which could be shared to at least help identify this beautiful ambrotype, not to mention, they are also part of Bushong Heritage. What other Bushong images are hidden away from the Bushong Family? Those images and the heritage they represent, could be lost, unless they are protected by making them public.

As to the ambrotype, those who are familiar with old photographs understand, that the subject in the purported Anderson photograph is not necessarily left handed. Because, all ambrotypes, Tintypes and daguerreotypes are viewed backwards or reversed. So in the photo, the gentleman was actually holding the knife in his right hand, not left, which obviously could indicate he was right handed not left. Carte de visite's (CDV's), cabinet photos and all other photographs on photo paper are generally right-reading, (unless they were accidentally printed backwards). An example of backward images from the glass plate or tintype processes, can be seen when the writing on Civil War soldiers' belt buckles is reversed. Another is when a CDV and a tintype, of same person are viewed side by side, a subject's hair will be parted on the opposite sides. Further, a more subtle example, seen in this ambrotype, notice the jacket buttons on the wrong side. As to the age of the subject, ambrotypes first became available in the early 1850's and were patented in 1854 in the US. source. In 1854, Anderson was only 22 years old. The American Civil War started in early 1861, and the subject in the ambrotype was not in uniform, so he was not yet a soldier and the photo would probably have been made before 1861.

Never the less, I say to Mrs. Bushong as well as Bushong descendants, who may be subscribers, this is your call to show how important Bushong Heritage really is to you. Bring those photos out of their shoe boxes, in Ancestry's or Mrs. Bushong's cache, and share them by making them public. They are after all, well old enough to be in the public domain. Wikipedia: Public Domain The only way to fully protect them is by dispersing them. Disperse them where they belong, putting them in the hands of descendants. This website is a good start, but not only here, there are other public sites like, or even Google's free storage that could hold thousands of your photos (just make it a public album). Even after that, website's come and go, and I've even seen FindaGrave memorials (pages) disappear, with their photos, when they were deleted by the person who created them. So these are just a start, in order to make them available. Then they have a good chance of being found and saved by many people in many places. There's already a place for Anderson's photo (or photo's) here, in the Photo Album. Let the Bushong descendants see them, maybe they can help confirm the identity of the ambrotype being called Anderson Bushong?
Anderson M. Bushong
(will Mrs. Bushong share??)
So, I would like to invite Mrs. Bushong and all subscribers, to share and make their older Bushong photographs public. There's a spot here, for all of them, at least the first six generations. Just click on the Submit History button above, or email me for help.

Thank you,
March 10, 2015

Bushong Heirloom For Sale!
Anderson M. Bushong Ambrotype?
Update: Sale Stopped

    Note: after being seen on this website, someone has approached the dealers, and they are currently investigating the voracity of their assumption that the subject was Anderson Bushong. Here's the original post with their original advertisement, below.
Is this Anderson M. Bushong?

Another possible Bushong heirloom has left the family, but is not yet lost. It is offered for sale by an antiques dealer in Petersburg, Virginia. Here's their description...
Identified Ambrotype of an Armed Confederate Soldier $2,150
Identified Ambrotype of an Armed Confederate Soldier: This crystal clear, ninth plate ambrotype is believed to be that of Anderson M. Bushong, who enlisted, as a corporal, in Co. B of the 97th Va. Militia. This fine image, housed in a complete case, surfaced recently, directly from the estate of Grace Brubaker. Miss Brubaker was the daughter of John W. and Sallie Bushong Brubaker. Her mother was a Bushong, and a direct descendant of the family that owned the Bushong farm in New Market, (Shenandoah County), Va., site of the famed involvement of the young, VMI Cadet Corps, in combat, on May 15, 1864. Grace Brubaker’s great-grandparents were Anderson M. Bushong and Elizabeth A. Swartz; her mother, Sallie Bushong, married a Brubaker, whose family was from the next county (Page). As there is no direct relative from Miss Brubaker’s father’s side who served in the Civil War, the most reasonable supposition is that this image is that of Anderson M. Bushong.

Bushong appears, in the image, wearing a fine, homespun suit and matching vest, white dress shirt and black tie. He holds in his hand, a sizable, D-guard style Bowie; the knife’s D-guard has been gilded, leading one to assume that it was originally brass. This is a great, armed image, showing an earnest, young farmer, once owner and occupant of the house and land that was a focal point during one of Virginia’s most significant of battles.

Perry Adams Antiques - PO Box 2317 - Petersburg, VA 23804 - (804) 310-6098
Website: Perry Adams Antiques

See it here: Perry Adams Antiques. (Add removed)
In the original case.
This is a restored version, and the image has been digitally processed.
Original cased scan, Original scan no case.

BUSHONG LINEAGE: Anderson M. Bushong/Jacob Bushong and Sally Strickler/ Henry W. Bushong and Barbara Lohr/ Hans Philip Bushong and Anna Eva Hergard/ Hans John and Barbara Bushong, the immigrants.

Checking their Bushong and Brubaker lineage, they are correct. Anderson, 1832-1904, was indeed a great grandfather to Miss Grace Brubaker, and it's very reasonable that she would have his photo. He would have been about 29 years old when the war started, the person in the photo looks young, but could still be 29, if the photograph was taken in 1861? A weapon in a photo, makes an armed Civil War photo, and they always command a premium price, as do Confederate photos, but with no uniform, it could be less?

March 3, 2015
1928 A Myth Begins
Barbara Foltz de Haguenau
Wife of Jean Buchain

Archives et Bibliotheque,
de la Ville de Strasbourg, France
9 Nov 1928
Madame Mary B. Wickes, Postmistress,
New Market, Virginia

    In answer to your letter which has been transmitted to us by the City Hall, we have made searches in the registers of the people in the 18th century including the people emigrated to Strasbourg. We have found there only one family responding almost to the name in question. Jean Buchain, a tailor, a native of Canton, Guienne (probably Condom), Department Gers. He acquired, the 5th of December 1722, the right cited for himself, his wife Barbe Foltz de Haguenau and four children by name, Michel, Andre, Pierre, & Barbe. The difference in orthography does not oppose itself to the identity of that family which you are searching, only the names of the children could cause some doubt. On the contrary, there is a possibility that the three boys mentioned are dead or did not emigrate with their parents, and that these, after their arrival at Strasbourg, had the three other children which you named.

    Now I could, if you desire, make the researches necessary in the registers of baptisms from 1722 to 1731, and in this case, I would beg you to send us the amount to defray expenses, amounting to 50 francs, without guarantee, however, for positive results.

Please except, Madam, the expression of my distinguished sentiments.
The Director,
Josep Delabache.
I was looking through the "Bushong Archives" and came across some of Mary Feller Wickes' research papers. The letter, above was interesting because, it was the basis for Barbe Foltz de Haguenau as the wife of Hans John Bushong IV. The four unnamed children the letter mentions, must be the four listed on the ship's passenger list, with Hans and Barbara Boschung, when the Brittania arrived in 1731, "Magdelena, Hans Philip, Anna Barbara, and Christina ."

Many genealogist, today, haven't heard of Mary Bessie Feller Wickes, (1866-1966), who was the daughter of Samuel W. Feller and Martha Ann Bushong and granddaughter to Henry M. Bushong and Mary Ann Wendel. Mrs. Wickes was one of the pioneering Bushong genealogists. Her old charts and genealogy, are the basis for much of the Hans John Bushong IV, family tree, as it is known today. And it was done without computers and the internet, so it's understandable when there's a mistake or two. And there are some mistakes, some of which became myths that are even still, attributed to family lore. But it's always good to know where the myths come from.

BUSHONG LINEAGE: Mary Bessie Feller/ Samuel W Feller and Martha Ann Bushong/ Henry M. Bushong and Mary Ann Wendel/ Andrew Bushong and Elizabeth Calvert/ John Bushong V and Elizabeth Sprenkel/ Hans John Bushong IV and Barbara Bushong, the immigrants.

Mrs. Wickes' greatest divergence from the current state of Bushong genealogy was, she believed that her line of Bushong were descended from Jean Beauchamp,(see her chart below) for which there has never been any evidence, past being erroneously published in a book then repeated. This letter is another example. In it, it was overlooked, that three of the four children's names, Michel, Andre, Pierre, don't match. Also, daughter Anna Barbara wasn't born until 1725. Further, the name Michel, by itself, is glaringly out of place, within the family line, and does not first appear until 1942. But more importantly, Jean Buchain's trade of tailor, is probably the biggest discrepancy. A tailor is a skilled trade, and the work is far different than that of farmer, which Hans John Bushong IV, was. It paid more, too, so it makes no sense that the immigrant would give up his trade. Jean Buchain is obviously a different person than our John Hans IV. And since this letter is the only source for Barbara Foltz de Haguenau as the matriarch to this family line, then the idea is completely without merit.. Barbara's maiden name remains unknown and Barbara Foltz is just another Bushong myth. Also without basis, is John Bushong being called Jean. There has never been any evidence to support this nickname. It was always Hans or John. By the way, I looked up how much 50 francs was, and in 1930, it was less than $2.00 US. source.

For historical interest, here's a few more pages from Mrs. Wickes' Bushong genealogy papers...

    From PA Archives,   

  A Bushong story with chart. 

Mrs. Wickes' family chart.

Notice the hand written chart at the bottom of the center page. There is more written about Mrs Wickes, here,
and she has a memorial on Find a Grave,   Mary Bessie Wickes.

February 6, 2015

Anton Andreas Boschung
the Correct Name Order
Anthony Andrew Bushong

    Studying the German Naming Patterns, for the Beyond Bushong article about Nicholas Bushong and his ancestry, it became apparent that the modern American naming pattern of a call-name usually being the first name, does not hold true with German naming traditions.

  In Andrew's day, it was the second or middle name that was used as a call-name. The fact that his father Johann Nicholas Bushong, went by Nicholas is another indicator of this. So Andrew's proper name order should be Anthony Andrew Bushong, or in German, Anton Andreas Boschung.

Those charting Andrew should use this order. For further reading, Charles Kerchner's comprehensive article can be read here.

January 16, 2015

Jane D. Pace Hutchens Bushong
2nd Wife of
John Andrew Bushong

John Andrew Bushong, 1792-1883, was born in Montgomery County, Virginia, the son of George Bushong and Martha Davis. His first wife was Feraby White, 1795-1858. After she died John Andrew, married the widow Jane D. Hutchens, in 1862. At the time, John Andrew was 72 years old and Jane was 55. Jane's maiden name was Pace, and this is verified by a son, Alva Thompson Hutchens' 1917 Tennessee death record. But there has been some question about whether she was divorced or separated from John Andrew and also, when she died.

BUSHONG LINEAGE: John Andrew Bushong and first Feraby White and second Jane Hutchens née Pace/George Bushong and Martha Davis/ Anthony Andrew Bushong and Catherine Bushong/ Johann Nicholas Bushong and Magdalena Bushong the immigrants
    There are no census records for Jane after the 1870 census and I believe she died in 1872 or 1873 since John Andrew Bushong stated in the 1880 census that he is a widower. The only other explanation is that they were divorced or separated. But if so, where is she in 1880?
    Jane D. Pace Born: 21 January 1806, d/o Langston Pace and Amelia Nunn, Kentucky
Died: 30 November 1872 {No evidence of her being alive after the 1870 census}...
...If someone can find a census record for her to prove she was alive in 1880, then I will revise her death date.
Boschong[sic] List
Being missed for the census is not unheard of and it could be possible with Jane. Just as in the 1880 census, John Andrew was away, visiting his son, when the census taker came, Jane could have been away from home too. Possibly she was visiting one of her many children by her former husband, William G. Hutchens. Moreover, John Andrew being listed in 1880 as a widow, could be wrong and doesn't necessarily mean he and Jane were divorced or for that matter separated. He and Feraby were married for over 38 years, and since John Andrew was staying at his son's house, possibly his son still thought of him as widowed. The point is many things could have happened. The fact that she's listed as his widow for a widow's pension from John Andrew's War of 1812 service, pretty well settles the divorce speculation. And this pension form would have more plausibility determining a date of death than guessing because of a missing census record.
click for full form
•Sold (Soldier's) 1st wife Phereby W____?
•Maiden Name of Widow: Jane D____? (1st Mar (Marriage) Hutchens)
•Marriage of Soldier and Widow: December 23 or 25, 1862
•Death of Soldier: June 26 1883, Monroe County, Kentucky
Death of Widow: Nov 10 1893
But this previously published transcription, of an affidavit about her death, would surely support a case for their still being married as well as, account for her date of death. It's given by Jane's son, Perry Hutchens, and it calls her John Andrew's widow, not divorcee...

Death of Widow: Jane D. Bushong
Pension Case #6923
Greetings: Cumberland County Kentucky
23 May 1893
Honorable Secretary of the Interior - Washington District of Columbia
Dear Sir:
At the death of Jane D. Bushong, widow of John alias Andrew Bushong, late as soldier of the War of 1812, There were about $46 dollars due her however on the day of her death a check came for $36 which was returned. This check were due her on the 4th November 1893. She died on the 30th of November 1893. I have bore the expense of the last illness and burial. Please send to me proper blanks and instructions for the collection of the accrued pension.
I am truly yours.
P. F. Hutchens
Source: Boschong[sic] List

Along with her husband, William G. Hutchens, Jane is buried in the small Pace Cemetery, in Cumberland County, Kentucky. It's on land that originally belonged to her parents, Langston and Amelia Nunn Pace, who are also buried there.

January 15, 2015

Jackson Bushong
Son of George Bushong and Lydia Rush
And His Three Wives

At the prompting of an inquiry, I took a look at Jackson Bushong, son of George Bushong and Lydia Rush in the Bushong United Family Tree and it revealed some discrepancies and an interesting connection...
I have been looking at your Roots Web pages and see that Jackson Bushong, b. 1815, was married twice. His first wife's name is given as Eliza Cole, and his second wife's name is given as Elizabeth Russell. Have you ever seen anything to link your Jackson with Letticia Bickham? She was b. abt 1822 in Kentucky to Hugh Bickham (b. 1770) and Elizabeth Parker, who moved their family to Logan Co., Ohio, later in the 1820s. I am trying to track down any evidence to support a claim, passed down in my family, that Letticia married a Jackson Bushong. Is evidence solid for Jackson's first marriage to Eliza Cole solid?
    First of all, a tip of the hat to Lise DeShea for the question and information, because it was shown to be true, that Letitia was a wife of Jackson. She was his second wife, and Jackson was married a total of three times.

BUSHONG LINEAGE: Jackson Bushong/ George Bushong and Lydia Rush/ John Bushong and Jennette Young Summers/ Anthony Andrew Bushong and Catherine Bushong/ Johann Nicholas Bushong and Magdalena Bushong - the immigrants.
    Online, there was only a maze of conflicting information, and I could not find a single chart or listing that had it right. One genealogist repeatedly asserted, a Rachel Johnson was Jackson's wife. But the record shows she was never married to Jackson, rather, she was the wife of Jackson's brother, Jefferson, whom she married in 1858.
  These are the records that prove the wives of Jackson Bushong, a descendant of Johann Nicholas Bushong and Magdalena Bushong. Then from these dates, the parentage of his children, falls into place.
Three marriage records for this Jackson Bushong at, (click to enlarge).

Eliza Cole
marriage 1837
Letitia Bickham
marriage 1844
Elizabeth Simmons (née Russell)
marriage 1852

Jackson Bushong, born 1815, Ross County, Ohio, died November 9, 1871, in Allen County, Ohio. He married:
  1. Eliza Cole, born about 1818, Ohio, died before 1844, probably in Ohio.
    married September 3, 1837,
    in Putnam County, Ohio
    • children:
    • Warren Bushong 1841-1905
    • George Bushong, abt 1843 - before 1870
  2. Letitia Bickham, born about 1823, died May 1850, in Riley, Putnam County, Ohio.
    married Dec 2, 1844,
    in Logan County, Ohio
    • children:
    • Eliza 1846-1868
    • Elizabeth M. abt 1848 - before 1860
  3. Elizabeth Rachel Simmons (née Russell), born August 10, 1826, in Ohio, died January 4, 1915
    married March 8, 1852,
    in Mercer County, Ohio
    • children:
    • Martha* 1855-1855
      Daniel. J.* 1857-1859
    • John Wilson 1859-1931
    • Lydia* 1861-1864
    • Sarah E.* 1863-1864
    • Christianna Zelma 1866-1871
*inferred from burial in the same cemetery, with matching stones, but Daniel has no stone photo.
It isn't known what Jackson was doing in Logan County, to meet and marry Letitia, he had family and cousins there, from his Uncle James Bushong, (husband of Nancy McCreary), but it is certainly her. This we can say, because Jackson took her home to the Riley Township, in Putnam County where she died in May 1850. Here she's listed on the 1850 Mortality Schedule from Putnam County as seen at
Line 33, states Letitia died of Consumption (Tuberculosis). She was sick for nine months.
Notice the two other Bushongs listed, both of whom are identified.

Accordingly, a little over two months later, Aug 7, 1850, Jackson is, enumerated in the census, also in Riley, with no wife and four children. His and Eliza Cole's sons, Warren, and George, and his and Letitia Bickham's daughters, Eliza and Elizabeth M.

Which brings us to the connection - Bickham. First, please recall, that there was a proposed brother of Jackson's, Henry Warren Bushong discussed in January, (see article). Henry, was charted by Damon Hostetler, who fails to provide sources. But interestingly enough, Henry's daughter Mary Elizabeth Bushong also married a Bickham.

Mary Elizabeth Bushong, was born, 1851 and died in 1933, first married Jesse Hill, and after he died she remarried a David Lawrence Bickham. They were married April 20, 1918, in Logan County, Ohio. She was 67 and he was 68 years old. David Bickham turns out to be a son of George Washington Bickham whose sister is Letitia Bickham and their parents were Hugh Bickham and Elizabeth Parker. David Bickham is Letitia's nephew and hence Jackson's nephew by marriage.

What does it mean? Well it could be only a coincidence, but if not, this could be a tangible connection between Henry Warren Bushong and Jackson Bushong as well as George Bushong and Lydia Rush. So are Henry and Jackson brothers? Well, it's still very thin on evidence, but the list of associations, and similarities is growing.
  • Henry and two of George and Lydia's known children were married in Ross County, Ohio.
    (as were 10 other Bushong before 1840)
  • Jackson Bushong named a son Warren, (after a proposed brother)
  • The Jackson Bushong- Letitia Bickham 1844 marriage.
  • The David Bickham-Mary Elizabeth Bushong 1918 marriage,
    (a would-be nephew and niece)
  • Damon Hostetler's unsupported assertions
But real proof remains illusive...

November 29, 2014
The Current State
Bushong Genealogy

Genealogy doesn't happen overnight, and in the Bushong family, it has been going on for over a century. Genealogists and family historians who look through old Bushong research, should keep that in mind and consider that all of those years and all of the questions, assumptions, and opinions, have for the better part, been answered or resolved. That said, recent developments in Bushong research, have significantly changed the understanding of this Colonial immigrant family. It wasn't so long ago that most Bushongs believed they were descended from the Beauchamp, who were thought to be French Huguenots. Now, for most Bushong historians, that myth and many others have been dispelled, along with much of the mystery that has surrounded this family.

So that it might be brought into the current state of understanding, here is a list of more recent Bushong genealogical developments and facts..

  1. The Bushong surname, is an anglicized version of the German-Swiss surname Boschung, which is derived from Bosch, with the addition of the "ung" suffix which translates to "descendants of." Read
  2. The family, originated, in Switzerland, probably Canton Bern and migrated, spending a number of years in the Palatinate. Read
  3. Two Boschungs-Bushongs immigrated to Colonial America in 1731 and 1732 and virtually all American Bushongs descend from them. Note: there are a few post colonial Bushong, some who came from French Canada and some who adopted the name in the mid to late 1800's. Read
  4. The Bushongs were of the Swiss Reformed faith. After immigrating a few became Quaker and Mennonite. Read
  5. DNA has linked the two immigrants Hans John Bushong arrived 1731 and Johann Nicholas Bushong, arrived 1732, who are assumed to be brothers. Read
  6. Andrew "Andreas" Bushong, full name Anthony Andrew Bushong, son of Johann Nicholas Bushong, who arrived in 1732, returned to Europe sometime after 1749 and came back in 1754 on Ship Recovery. Read
  7. Johann Nicholas Bushong and Magdalena's daughters lived and had families: Maria Juliana married Martin Meixel and Eva Elisabetha married Michael Swartz. Read Juliana and Read Eva
  8. Johannes John Bushong, husband to Barbara Kreighbaum, is a great grandson of Hans John Bushong and Barbara Bushong, the immigrants, through Hans Philip Bushong Jr. and Margaret Smith. Read
  9. The entire Bushong surname and variant spelling, Bushon, found in the 1930 U.S. Census, has been charted along with virtually every other known Bushong into one large family tree, the Bushong United Family Tree. Read
  10. Theobalt Bosseng, aka David Bosang, was never a Bushong, and this has been proven both with genealogy and DNA. Genealogy and Read DNA
  11. All the other similar sounding names have been proven not related to Bushong. Read
  12. The Bushong surname has a Wikipedia Page, Wikipedia.

Is your Bushong ancestor charted?
Search the world's largest Bushong database... click here

November 16, 2014

The Mystery of Pusey Bushong
From Lancaster, Pennsylvania
Is Solved!

   "Who is the Pusey Bushong, age 17, listed in Eden Township Lancaster County in the 1860 census living with Gilbert and Edith Bushong?" Marjorie Bardeen of the Lancaster History Organization
    The mystery of Pusey Bushong has long plagued our research. Since not all of the lineages of Pennsylvania Bushongs have been established and we know that some of the Bushongs have fallen through the cracks, we will take a guess that this boy is definitely related to the Gilbert Bushong lineage but how, we cannot say. Who ever he was, he evidently did not live long after this 1860 census was taken as no one by that name shows up after that census anywhere... Gloria and Russell Bushong- 2008 (from the Boschong[sic] List)
While doing research for the Sallie Gilbert Hagee album, I ran across an unknown Pusey Bushong listed living with Gilbert and Edith Bushong during the 1860 Census, taken in the Eden Township, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. A quick check of, showed no other civic records for this name, though a Google search yielded the enquiry and discussion, above.

Also Google brought up the Gilbert and Edith Bushong Diaries, some of which are available excerpted online, at (see sources). In the diaries, Pusey is mentioned over 50 times. But in all the times he's brought up, his last name, Barnhouse, is mentioned just once. From there, the civic record for Pusey Barnhouse was rich in listings and details. He is first noted in the 1850 Census, in Bart, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, living with his mother, Margaret and his step-father, Samuel Hindman. It should be remembered, in 1854, Bart Township was split into two, and the western part became the Eden Township, This is what can be determined about Pusey Barnhouse.

In 1850 Census.

Pusey W Barnhouse was born January 15, 1843, in Pennsylvania and died June 28, 1931, in Salem, Columbiana County Ohio. He was the son of James Barnhouse and Margaret Elliott. His father died sometime before 1850 and his mother, Margaret remarried a Samuel Hineman/Hindman. But in the 1860 Census, in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, Pusey was enumerated, in the household of Gilbert and Edith Bushong, and supposedly he was called Bushong. Gilbert was a son of Henry Bushong and Esther Valentine. Pusey was considered a member of the Bushongs and their extended family, and this is illustrated by the many mentioning's in Gilbert and Edith's diaries, not just with them but also Henry and Esther, and their son, Jacob and his wife, Margaret, and other family.

The 50th Pennsylvania Infantry,
February 1862, Beaufort, North Carolina,
Pusey Barnhouse's Regiment.

During the Civil War, Pusey served as a Private in Co. C, of the 50th Pennsylvania Infantry. Around 1869 Pusey moved to Ohio, where he was to spend the next 62 years of his life. In the 1870 Census he's living with Thomas Rakestraw and his wife, Susan Barnaby Rakestraw, in Washington Twp., Stark County, Ohio. Mr. Rakestraw was a brother-in-law of Lydia Bushong Rakestraw, (Gilbert Bushong's sister).

In 1883 Pusey married Susan Burns. She died in 1889 and was buried in the Hope Cemetery, Salem, Columbiana County, Ohio. Susie's Find a Grave Memorial. In about 1895, Pusey married Elizabeth A. Gleckner and they lived out the rest of their lives together, in Ohio. Pusey died at age 86, in 1931 and Elizabeth died in 1936. They are both buried in the Columbiana Cemetery, Columbiana, Columbiana County, Ohio,

Sources: 1850 Census, 1860 Census, 1870 Census, 1900 Census, 1910 Census, 1920 Census, 1930 Census, 1883 Marriage Susan Burns, Civil War Service, page 194, Gilbert and Edith Kinsey Paxson Bushong's Diary Excerpts, 50th PA Infantry Photograph, Feb 1862 Beaufort, S.C.
Not being able to see the actual 1860 Census, it can only be speculated, but it is possible that Pusey's last name was never written Bushong. It could have actually been written "Barnhouse", but was merely mis-transcribed. Either way, another Bushong mystery is solved. Someday all the Bushong mysteries may be solved, but keep in mind, though it's easy to create them, it takes work to solve them.

Sept 22, 2014

The Bushong United Photo Album
Six Generations

The Bushong United Photograph Album is now available online, just click the Photographs button at the left of the top of the page or click here.

It is designed to display and catalog photographs and important papers of the first six generations of Bushongs in America. The vertical chart and photographs are divided into the two sides of the family, Hans and Johann Nicholas Bushong. There are already around 80 over 120 over 150 hundreds of individual photos and images in the album, with more being added.

The album has been limited to America's first six generations, which keeps the potential entries somewhat manageable, with around 300 per side. The sixth generation, for the bulk of today's Bushongs, are grandparents, great or great-great grandparents. Their birth years range generally from the 1840's to around 1900. Photography began commercially in 1839, and early photographs, though rare are still available. But with so many potential images, the vertical chart presentation was chosen to illustrate how they relate to each other. Each photo, was corrected, if possible and where necessary, including cropping excess borders, adding to previously cropped photos, exposure, color, as well as general flaws.

If you have a photo you'd like to share, send it to me - click the Submit History button at the left of the top of the page or click here.

August 18, 2014
The Henry and Esther Bushong CDV's Are Found
Underground Railway Conductors
In an Identified Old Photo Album

Another old Bushong related photo album has been discovered by a sharp photo collector, Carol Sneddon....
I bought if from a woman who lives in Pennsylvania not too far from Gettysburg. She said she got it at an estate sale there. I live in California & bought it through an online site. There were several Civil War soldiers in the album, which I found intriguing. All the photos have names written under them, some of them are very difficult to make out. The photos in the album are CDV's and are almost entirely from the 1860’s. There are several Bushong images; Gilbert family; Heidlebaugh & a couple of Valentine. A lot of other names. Almost all have Pennsylvania backmarks.
  A tip of the hat to Carol, who has been good enough to share her find, which is all the more interesting with every one of the 50 photos named, which she transcribed. Already, it's been possible to determine who many of the photo's subjects actually are, and how they are related to the Bushong family. When done, the majority will have been linked genealogically with their families, but with some surnames like Hunter, Jones, and Williams, it could be pretty tough. One surprise, though, was a Pennsylvania State Senator, Milton C. Heidlebaugh, 1843-1908.

The Bushongs in the photos, are Henry and Esther Bushong, labeled as "uncle and aunt", Jacob and Margaret (Hobson) Bushong, and a young Frankie Bushong. The photos of Henry and Esther Bushong can be identified without a doubt as Jacob Bushong's father and stepmother, who along with their sons were well known participants or "conductors" for the Underground Railway in the Civil War. See articles Underground Railway. and Jacob Bushong's Daguerreotype.

Henry Bushong               Esther Valentine Bushong
Henry Bushong 1783-1870                      Esther Valentine 1799-1867
BUSHONG LINEAGE: Henry Bushong and Esther Valentine/ Johannes John Bushong and Eve Dorothea Eckman/ Hans Philip Bushong and Anna Eva Hergard/ Hans and Barbara Bushong, the immigrants.
The find is one of only a handful of known 4th generation(starting with the immigrants) Bushong photographs, with George Bushong (husband of Lydia Rush) being another. Henry was born five years before George, making him the elder of the two. Also among the CDV style photos was one labeled Grandmother Mary Valentine, who turns out to be an incredibly rare, photographically speaking, older generation, a contemporary with 3rd generation Bushongs. Mary Valentine is Esther's mother and Henry's mother-in-law. She was born Mary Taylor, 1770-1856 and was the wife of John Valentine, The CDV, it turns out was a copy made in the 1860's of a Daguerreotype taken sometime before her 1856 death. Mary Taylor Valentine had nine children and many descendants, including Gilbert (son of Esther and Henry). Mary is a direct ancestor of many descendants.

See the full article on the album with photos here.

August 16, 2014
Just How Many Living Bushongs Are There?
Census Records of the Past Predict the Present

  Have you ever wondered just how many American Bushongs there actually are? That is living Bushongs?

Well,,has the Bushong surname pretty well indexed for U.S. Census records. It's possible from past census records, to get totals every decade, and from that, find the average increase. From there, it's possible to project future census totals. Here's the number of Bushongs counted, for the 90 years, of available census records between 1850 and 1940. This would be for every person the census enumerator called a Bushong (exact spelling).....

United States Census Counts for Bushong
1850 Census: 337 - Bushongs
1860 Census: 440 - Bushongs
1870 Census: 519 - Bushongs
1880 Census: 734 - Bushongs
1890 Census: 000 - (lost in a fire)
1900 Census: 925 - Bushongs
1910 Census: 1,196 - Bushongs
1920 Census: 1,274 - Bushongs
1930 Census: 1,545 - Bushongs
1940 Census: 1,574 - Bushongs
Bushong Population Growth Decade by Decade
1850:    337 counted
1860:    440 counted, increase is 31%
1870:    519 counted, increase is 18%
1880:    734 counted, increase is 41%
1890:    000 prorated, increase is 13%*
1900:    925 counted, increase is 13%*
1910: 1,196 counted, increase is 29%
1920: 1,274 counted, increase is   7%
1930: 1,545 counted, increase is 21%
1940: 1,574 counted, increase is   2%
*Actual increase is +26% for 2 decades, so it is split between 1890 and 1900.

It is interesting to note, from decade to decade, the large swings in Bushong population growth. But considering the influence of socioeconomic. factors, it is understandable. For instance, the decade ending in 1920 had only a 7% increase, presumably a result of World War One and the Spanish Influenza epidemic. But for slowing down the Bushong growth, a war and an epidemic were no match, for the Great Depression. When the decade of the Great Depression ended in 1940, there had been only a 2% increase, the lowest growth in 90 years.
  So how many Bushongs do you think are living in America in 2015?

a: 2000 to 4000     b: 4000 to 6000     c: 6000 to 8000     d: 8000 to 10000     e: over 10000

Its good to have some idea of how many there actually are. It also illustrates, that though our departed ancestors are well charted numerically, it's different with the "living" Bushongs, as they are understandably more difficult, the Bushong United Family Tree only has about a quarter of them.

July 27, 2014
Bushong Digital Reference Library
Full Length Books
Available Online or for Download

For your summer reading, or collect them for your digital reference library, here are some full-length books that are written by Bushongs or Bushong descendants. They are stored on-line at, and now on the Bushong United servers. They've been generously offered in digital form by their owners or authors and can be downloaded and saved on your computer. If you're interested, I suggest you save a copy.

The books all have a lot of good information and family lineages, but in reading them, one should keep current genealogy and information in mind to avoid confusion caused by prior conclusions and assumptions. For instance, the Bushongs were originally named Beauchamp and French Huguenots.

Please note: I've set all these links to open in a new tab on your browser. Also, some of the books and hence files are quite large and depending on your internet speed, will take time - several minutes or longer - to load. Between the two servers, Bushong United's seem to load faster, but's is readable while it's loading. Though most are searchable, where a book has no table of contents, I've tried to include a page number to start on.
    Books About Descendants of Hans John Bushong

    Three by Robert Adam Boyd, Born 1976
    BUSHONG LINEAGE: Robert Wright Boyd and Elsie Grace Bushong/ Jacob Bushong and Elizabeth Lillian Roberts/ Philip Bushong and Elizabeth Gray/ Jacob Bushong and Anna Elizabeth Rutter/ Hans Philip Bushong and Anna Eva Hergard/ Hans and Barbara Bushong the immigrants.

  1. Ancestry of Robert Wright Boyd Jr, 1911-1994 : including sketches of the Boyd, Bushong, Ellmaker, Gray, Lightner, Roberts, Rutter and Steinmetz families
    Read full PDF on or Read full PDF on Bushong United
  2. Boyd family ancestry
    Note: some pages have been intentionally omitted from the digital edition, but doesn't seem to involve the Bushong side.
    Read PDF on or Read PDF on Bushong United.
  3. Living history : the story of Robert Jacob Boyd's family origins
    Note: some pages have been intentionally omitted from the digital edition, but doesn't seem to involve the Bushong side.
    Read PDF on or Read PDF on Bushong United.

  4. Autobiography of Luther Davis Bushong of Virginia and Texas
    By Luther D. Bushong 1852-1942
    LINEAGE Luther Davis Bushong/ Isaac A.J. Bushong and Sarah Swank/ Henry Bushong and Catherine Brew/ Henry W. Bushong and Barbara Lohr/ Hans Philip Bushong and Anna Eva Hergard/ Hans and Barbara Bushong the immigrant.
    Read full PDF on or Read full PDF on Bushong United.

  5. Descendants of John Clark of New Haven, Connecticut : who came on the ship "Elizabeth" in 1634 from Ipswich, County Suffolk, England
    By Lloyd Walter Hoagland Begins page 530, 540 digital
    BUSHONG LINEAGE: Neal Walton Hoagland and Fern Viola Bushong/ Edgar Clarence Bushong and Bertha Maria Allen/ Samuel Manchey Bushong and Mary Adelia Perkins/ Jacob Bushong and Rebecca Briggs/ George Bushong and Frances Fanny Keller/ John Jacob Bushong and Eva Catharina Bossert/ John Bushong and Elizabeth Sprenkel/ Hans John Bushong and Barbara Bushong, the immigrants.

    Read full PDF on or Read full PDF on Bushong United.

  6. Heater family history
    By Lois P. Wilson, See page 442 - 466.
    BUSHONG LINEAGE: Aaron Bisher and Eve Elizabeth Bushong/ John Bushong and Anna Stover/ John Jacob Bushong and Eva Catharina Bossert/ John Bushong and Elizabeth Sprenkel/ Hans John Bushong and Barbara Bushong, the immigrants.
    Read full PDF on or Read full PDF on Bushong United.

  7. The descendants of Ludwig Zehrung, Mathias Zehrung, Anna Elizabeth Zehrung and Philip Zehring [Zehrung]
    Wilson Zaring 1926- Begins page 363, (372 digital), also others, use search.
    BUSHONG LINEAGE: Lydia Ann Zaring and Joseph Long Bushong/ Jonathan Bushong and Mary Magdalen Cordy/ Henry W Bushong and Barbara Lohr/ Hans Philip Bushong and Anna Eva Hergard/ Hans John Bushong and Barbara Bushong the immigrants.

    Read full PDF on or Read full PDF on Bushong United.

  8. Books About Descendants of Johann Nicholas Bushong

  9. Historical Sketch and Genealogy of a Branch of the Bushong Family
    By Paul D. Bushong 1883-1989.
    BUSHONG LINEAGE: Paul Dugan Bushong/ Perry Wycliffe Bushong and Della Morrison/ William Davis Bushong and Elizabeth White/ George Washington and Nancy Parker/ George Bushong and Martha Davis/ Anthony Andrew Bushong and Catherine Bushong/ Johann Nicholas Bushong and Magdalena Bushong he immigrant.
    Read full PDF on or Read full PDF on Bushong United.

  10. Two by William C. Hall 1939-
    BUSHONG LINEAGE: Mary Elizabeth Gorsuch and Joseph Miles Bushong/ John D. Bushong and Mary Elizabeth Lawton/ John Bushong Jr. and Rachel Van Voorhis/ John Bushong and Jennette Young Summers/ Anthony Andrew Bushong and Catherine Bushong/ Johann Nicholas Bushong and Magdalena Bushong, the immigrants.
  11. The Charles Gorsuch genealogy : a history of Charles Gorsuch, born 23 July 1, 1798 in Maryland and his descendants of Mahaska and Poweshiek Counties, Iowa and of the United States.
    See index page 280 - (digital 288).
    Read full PDF on or Read full PDF on Bushong United.
  12. The Thomas Gorsuch genealogy : being a history of Thomas Gorsuch and his descendants in America
    Read full PDF on or Read full PDF on Bushong United.

  13. The Lough Family
    By Doris M. Rice, 1925- See page 63, 201.
    BUSHONG LINEAGE: Jacob Wesley Lough and Martha Amanda Bushong/ George Bushong and Martha Davis/ Anthony Andrew Bushong and Catherine Bushong/ Johann Nicholas Bushong and Magdalena Bushong he immigrant.

    Read full PDF on or Read full PDF on Bushong United .

  14. Thomas Newbury family of Wilkes County, North Carolina and in-laws
    Grant Harold Collar Jr. See index pages 777 and 778.
    BUSHONG LINEAGE: Adella and Louis Franklin Bushong (also sister Lou Ella and to Louis's cousin, John)/ John S. Bushong and Naomi Angelina Dees/ John Bushong Jr. and Eleanor Rush/ John Bushong and Jennette Young Summers/ Anthony Andrew Bushong and Catherine Bushong/ Johann Nicholas Bushong and Magdalena Bushong, the immigrants.

    Read full PDF on or Read full PDF on Bushong United.
  • The Clover family exchange newsletter : the early years
    By June Clover Byrne
    BUSHONG LINEAGE: sisters, Hazel and Matilda married brothers, Andrew and George Bushong Jr./ George Bushong and Lydia Rush/ John Bushong and Jennette Young Summers/ Anthony Andrew Bushong and Catherine Bushong/ Johann Nicholas Bushong and Magdalena Bushong, the immigrants.

    The Clover Website.
If you have a digital book about Bushongs and their descendants that you'd like to share, just send it to me and I'll save it, for everyone to read, on the Bushong United servers.

July 24, 2014
  The RootsWeb and Attack
Site is Up

  The RootsWeb site that has been interrupted for nine days, since a DDoS attack, has been restored and the Bushong United Family Tree is back up and available! Also the Mailing Lists archives are available, though an email sent in two days ago hasn't gone through and is still floating around out there, but one went through today, fine.

DDoS stands for distributed denial-of-service and the attack was quite serious. Here, Venture Beat elaborates... was breached by a mysterious and massive DDOS attack that completely shut down the popular website for nearly 24 hours.

The attack flooded Ancestry‘s servers with bogus traffic that camouflaged itself as legitimate visitors. No personal data was compromised, however. The attack hit the site at 1:30 p.m. Mountain time on Monday and was brought more or less under control by 11:00am Tuesday MT, said Ancestry spokeswoman Heather Erickson. As of Thursday (June 19th), Ancestry was still digging out and trying to pinpoint where the attack originated. June 19, 2014
(But as was seen, portions of was down much longer.)
  A tip of the hat to everyone at involved in the obviously monster task of restoring and securing the site. Well done!

It's watching things like this that illustrates just how easily data could have been lost or destroyed. Is your's backed-up?

June 26, 2014

The Bushong Coat of Arms
"Always flourishing"

The French Bushong coat of arms - is NOT correct for the Colonial Bushong-Boschung line.
The French Bushong Coat of Arms

According to some commercial sites, there is a Coat of Arms for the Bushong surname. The motto, Semper virens translates to Always flourishing, and the color is gold which stands for generosity. It is said to have originated in Auvergne, France...
Auvergne in ancient France was home of the first family to use the name Bushong which was a name for someone who lived near a thicket bushes, as the name was derived from the Old French word buisson, which means thicket or bushes. There are many spelling variations of the name Bushong, including Buisson, Buison, Buizon, Buysson, Bhuisson, Dubuisson, Bouisson, Bouissou, Buissonnet, Buissonniere, Buisst, Buissard, Boysson, Boisson, Le Buisson and many more.Source: House of Names and Coat of Arms Store
In many places in Europe, heraldry and the use of a coat of arms is still regulated, by the state or a heraldic body, such as the College of Arms, the Court of the Lord Lyon or the Office of the Chief Herald of Ireland. They decree, one must be entitled by descent, from another person with the right to bear a coat of arms - an armiger. Armiger is a Latin word, which literally means "arms-bearer." Only an armiger is entitled to bear a coat of arms and simply sharing a family name with an armiger is insufficient to be entitled. Source: Wikipedia Heraldry, Wikipedia Armiger

But there are many jurisdictions that lack regulated heraldry, such as the United States, where anyone may use any coat of arms, or even make one up. That said, there are Bushong Family Trees, that have associated this coat of arms with them.

Though, with virtually the entire American Bushong surname, charted, it's safe to say, none of them are entitled. All but a handful are descended from the German-Swiss brothers Hans and Johann Nicholas Boschung, and they are in no way related to the French Bushong line.

But there are 46 descendants in the Bushong United Family Tree, who come from Nova Scotia, Canada, Their families immigrated into the United States in the 1870's and 1880's and they settled in Massachusetts. Some of their line, still live there and also in New Hampshire. In the Canadian 1871 census, they identified themselves of French ethnicity and their religion Catholic. Out of close to 6,000 known Bushong descendants, they are possibly the only ones in America who could even remotely be candidates to use it.

The Germanic surname, Boschung, was probably formalized from its root-name Bosch, in late 15th and early 16th centuries, which is after heraldry ended.(see the Origin of the Boschung Surname) The heralds who were responsible for creating the coats of arms had not been used since before the end of the 15th century, (except for royalty). Source: Heraldry So there could be no Boschung coat of arms, especially handed down by descent which is really what it's supposed to be about. If the Boschung were descended from the Bosch, then that's a name that was around during the days of heraldry. Predictably, there are several different coats of arms for them - at least nine. Most appear to be from German and Dutch lines, so it can't be said if there is one from the Swiss Bosch line, but it would sure be interesting if someone could prove descendancy of the Boschung to them.

So, go ahead and use the French coat of arms, if you like. I had a Bushong coat of arms, door-knocker, that was received as a gift, and I remember proudly having it on several front doors over the years. But it is Faux Genealogy, and virtually no American Bushongs are entitled, none are armigers, and none are French. And in the end, your tree will be wrong.

Want to make a coat of arms? There are lots of places.
I made the one above here... Make a Coat of Arms

June 6, 2014

  Bushong Heirloom For Sale Sold!
Andrew Bushong to John Bare 1844 Indenture

Seen on eBay.
As listed... Original 1844 indenture for a parcel of land in East Cocalico Township, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania between Andrew Bushong and John Bare. About 22 inches tall and 17 inches wide. Fair shape, spilt into 4 sections and general wear.
it is listed for $45, with their "Buy it Now" function.
It's always amazing to see items like this 170 year old document turn up. The document is now located in Chester County, Pennsylvania, in Thorndale.

Andrew Bushong was born in 1795 and died July 4, 1849 and his wife was Sarah Steinmetz Bushong. Andrew built one of the Lancaster County distilleries, three miles southeast from Reamstown. Andrew and Sarah had three children: a daughter, Elizabeth Ann who died an infant, daughter, Emma who married Congressman Anthony Ellmaker Roberts, and son, Charles August Bushong who married Margaret Moore. Charles and Margaret they had 11 children, one of whom was Albert John Bushong, aka Doc Bushong.
BUSHONG LINEAGE: Andrew Bushong/ Jacob Bushong and Anna Elizabeth Rutter/ Hans Philip Bushong and Anna Eva Hergard/ Hans John and Barbara Bushong, the immigrants
Though the document's value is obviously lessened from having come apart into four pieces, as a family heirloom, it's still quite important, and would frame-up quite nicely. The price seems reasonable, if it were my line.

Update: This was sold Dec 07, 2014.

I've already added the signatures to Andrew and Sarah's memorials on Find a Grave, see them here..

May 25, 2014

Bushong Heritage Found!
The Edith Kinsey Bushong Diaries

The Edith Bushong Diaries,
1882-86, 1889-91, and 1894-97

Edith Kinsey Paxson Bushong, lived in an interesting period that spanned from 1836 to 1914, and lucky, enough, she was a diariest. I've just learned that some of Edith Kinsey Paxson Bushong's beautifully scripted diaries have been purchased, along with several other papers and keepsakes, from an online auction. They were acquired by a Michelle Nichols, who was good enough to contact me. Ms. Nichols is intending to write about Edith, and is also interested in connecting with relatives of Edith and Gilbert Bushong. There are several living descendants, some of whom still live in Pennsylvania and I've given their names to Ms. Nichols. She will be, researching there for the next couple of weeks. She can be contacted here:
Michelle Nichols
Phone: 720-771-2476
Edith was born December 2, 1836 in Pennsylvania, daughter of Ellwood H Paxson and Elizabeth Moore White Paxson. On December 20, 1855, she married Gilbert Bushong and they had four children. Gilbert Bushong is the son of Henry Bushong and his second wife, Esther Valentine. It should be recalled that Gilbert and his family, including his parents and bother, Jacob were heavily involved in the Underground Railway (see article here Jacob Bushong and Underground Railroad). Also, some of Edith and Gilbert's other diaries appear to be transcribed and are available here: Bushong Diary Collection, 1850-1853, 1858-1869 at

Edith's signature from the diaries.
BUSHONG LINEAGE: Gilbert Bushong/ Henry Bushong and Esther Valentine/ Johannes John Bushong and Eve Dorothea Eckman/ Hans Philip Bushong and Anna Eva Hergard/ Hans and Barbara Bushong, the immigrants.
From this, it becomes apparent that Gilbert or a sibling's descendants, died and left no provisions for their Bushong family's heritage. Because this is the fourth time Bushong heirlooms have surfaced, from this line, all outside of the family - all reported on this website.
  1. March 2013: the Rakestraw family daguerreotypes were sold off - Gilbert's half sister and daughter married a Rakestraw, (see article, here The Rakestraw Clan Photos and Daguerreotypes;
  2. October 2013: the beautiful Jacob Bushong daguerreotype and unique case, was sold - Gilbert's half brother, (see article, here Jacob Bushong Daguerreotype Discovered);
  3. February 2014: a book Of Johannes John Bushong, showed up for sale - Gilbert's grandfather, (see it here The Johannes John Bushong Book);
  4. May 2014: three Edith Kinsey Bushong Diaries - Gilbert's wife
I would think this illustrates, just how fragile the chain of descendancy can be.

So, preserve your family trees and photographs, by publishing them in a public forum, and make provisions for your heirlooms, as well as your research to be cared for by a family member who will do the same, or leave instructions in your will.

Some of the items that came with the diaries.

There are at least two official repositories that are already caring for the Bushong heritage, they could probably watch over yours. In Ohio, there's the Ohio Genealogical Society. They have Carol Willsey Bell's research papers at the Samuel D. Isaly Library, in Bellville. And in Pennsylvania there's the Lancaster County Historical Society. Be sure and make arrangements in advance.

Don't let time and neglect rob your descendants of their heritage as it's sold off piece by piece.

May 24, 2014

So Who Was Dickey Dickinson??
" odly form'd a Creature"

In following the trail of Captain Tymperton and the Pink "John and William", for the article on their 1732 Voyage, I ran across a unique individual, Dickey Dickinson. I found him an intriguing character, who overcame physical limitations and became financially successful as well as a noted celebrity. There is much more to Mr. Dickinson's story, but there was not room in the Pink "John and William" Epilogue. So I will expand a little here.

Richard "Dickey" Dickinson, was born about 1670 and following his death in 1737, Constable William Tymperton, the Captain of the disastrous 1732 voyage of the Pink "John and William, was his replacement. He has been diagnosed as having suffered from "Acromegaly", which according to Wikipedia, is a syndrome that results when the anterior pituitary gland produces excess growth hormone, and causes severe disfigurement. [see source, Page 145, 146] [Wikipedia - Acromegaly]

Dickey Dickinson, width=1456 height=2500, larger available     Dickey Dickinson, width=2145 height=3649
Illustrations of Dickey Dickinson from the 1725 period.
Click to enlarge. These are all high-resolution/large images.

It is not known when Mr. Dickinson came upon the spa at Scarborough, in Yorkshire, England, but he is noted as a shoe shine boy and sold ginger bread, in the area. Sometime in the early 1700's the corporation that managed the land, convinced of Mr. Dickinson's ability and determination, leased the spa's water and land to him. The spa's waters had already been the subject of prior study and published papers, and with his lease, Mr. Dickinson had control of the allegedly medicinal waters. He sold the water to the people who came asking for it as well as bottling the water and selling it locally. Mr. Dickinson saved his money and was soon able to build his house and expand with several buildings to receive the many patrons of what was called "Spaw Wells" or "Scarborough Spaw". For bathing, he attended to the men and his mistress, Peggy, attended the woman.

The Public House or in other words, the "Pub", he built was quite well attended by patrons of all classes, Mr. Dickinson was one of the main features, as the Master and the self proclaimed Governor of Scarborough Spaw, and his bright mind, and cutting wit, was the house specialty. This would be manifested in what was called his impudent manner and a favorite novelty was to see how Dickey could put someone in their place. He is reminiscent of literary figure, Cyrano de Bergerac, who fended insults about his nose, only Mr. Dickinson's nearly whole person was deformed.
Dicky was never at a loss for an answer to any joke that might be levelled at him, and with a quaintness of manner peculiarly his own, was ever certain of raising the laugh at the expence of his antagonists. A late writer asserts, there ought to be a promoter of innocent mirth at eveiy watering-place, for the exhilaration of invalids, and observes, " an ass that brayed so as to convulse them with laughter, would, to these people, be of more real use than ten asses.
Published 1819.View source, Page 59
Mr. Dickinson, managed the spa admirably for many years, and built very fine facilities for the guests. The 1725 era illustrations, all show, in the background, the spaw as a large building. They also show Mr. Dickinson sitting on a money-chest, along with a chained fox and a monkey. When the earthquake, also called a land slip, occurred, December 29th, 1736, Mr. Dickinson's house fell down on top of the spaw. He and Peggy escaped, though he died six weeks later at the age of 66 or 67. There had been some indication the day before, when his well-stocked cellar collapsed, but the warnings to move his belongings out of the house went unheeded, and everything was lost. It's interesting, of the quake, in the fifty some odd reports, ranging from contemporary, to the early 1800's, all date it to December 29, 1737. But there is one original period source, in a newspaper, that clearly shows it occurred December 29, 1736.[View source: Exposition on the Common Prayer]
To Scarbro' haste from various Regions,
And pay to Dickey due Allegiance,
To view so odly form'd a Creature,
To note his Limbs and ev'ry Feature,
And hear him jokeing at the Spring,
While you his Subjects Tribute bring,
This with the Waters you are Quaffing,
Will make you _(shite)_ yourselves with laughing.
(by Dickey Dickinson) 1733 [View source: Page 50, 51]

It boggles the mind that Captain Tymperton, who commanded the tortuous and deadly 1732 voyage, could successfully replace Mr. Dickinson. It's true, the newspaper described Captain Tymperton as "a Man well known and respected for his comical facetious Disposition." So one can't help but wonder, just how much alike were the two, at least in temperament?

April 29, 2014

  Bushong Heirloom For Sale!
The Johannes John Bushong Book

I've been contacted by a Book Seller, Ron Lieberman, of Kinzers, Pennsylvania and he is putting an old book on the market that apparently belonged to the immigrants, Hans and Barbara Bushong's grandson, Johannes John Bushong, (1750-1831) husband of Eve Dorthea Eckman.
BUSHONG LINEAGE: Johannes John Bushong/ Hans Philip and Anna Eva Hergard/ Hans and Barbara Bushong, the immigrants
The book, from his description is actually two books, bound as one, with one published in 1756 and the other in 1768. On the front fly leaf are eight lines of German cursive script that lists Johnannes John Bushong, his December 2 1777 marriage and several of the children. Unfortunately, he is unable to photograph it at the moment, but it is assumed he will be able to do so, in order to sell the book. Here is his description...
The book: Des hocherleuchteten Johann Arndts ... Sämtliche Bücher vom wahren Christenthum : welche handeln von heilsamer Busse, hertzlicher Reue und Leid über die Sünde, und wahrem Glauben, auch heiligem Leben und Wandel der rechten wahren Christen ... auch einer Catechetischen einleitung ... samt dem Paradies-Gärtlein im groven druck herausgegeben ... Uniform Title: Wahres Christenthum. Selections
Author(s): Arndt, Johann, 1555-1621.
Publication: Frankfurt am Mayn, zu finden bey Heinrich Ludwig Brönner. Year: 1768
Description: Two works bound as one.
pp. [44], 1114, [52] + Over 50 remarkable engraved emblems. Title in black and red. The second work: Paradies-Gärtlein has special title page in black and individual paging. Imprint: Frankfurt am Mayn, Reinhard Eustachius Müller, 1756. pp. 24, 249, [7]
Thick 4to. 230 mm. Original alum tawed vellumized pigskin binding, nicely tooled in blind with flowers, vines and interlocking ropes.
All of the extraordinary emblematic plates are powerfully printed and well preserved. The frontis is laid in and probably comes from an 1850's American edition.
Ron Lieberman
The Family Album, ABAA
At the Old Mill
4887 Newport Road
Kinzers, PA 17535
Phone: 717 442 0220
Their retail price for the book is $ 1750.00...
But he is offering it to members of the Bushong family for $1,000
It is subject to prior sale.

Johann Arndt was a well known Christian writer in the late 16th and early 17th century. There are quite a few of his books available, but the seller says that the plates, and binding on this book are far above the common examples, and the known owner adds to its rarity too. I was able to get a partial translation of the title from Google, that is something to the effect of..
The highly enlightened Johann Arndt's ... All Books from true Christianity: act of healing which buses hertzlicher repentance and sorrow for sin, and true faith, and holy life and walk the right true Christians ... also a Catechetischen introduction ... together with the Paradise Gärtlein in Groven printing edited ... Uniform Title: True Christianity.
Here's a chance to bring some of your Bushong line's heritage back into the family.

Feb. 18, 2014

Retouching Old Photographs
Made Easy!

I've been asked how I'm able to retouch and restore some of these old photos, and I'm happy to say it's a free program, and downloadable. Having been in the old-photo restoration business, back in the days of silver halide photography, (pre-digital), I can tell you that the results available digitally, are so much better. In the old days, we used air-brush and restoration artists, painting on top of copy prints. One of the programs I frequently use is, Photo Scape. It's quite easy, with a little practice, and of course any work is done on a copy file. Here's examples of some, of what can be done, with a baseball card of Doc Bushong.

With this photo, there's as much work to do, as you want.

See the Doc Bushong article.

Here's a link to download Photo Scape software. to Photo Scape for Download -I recommend it.
Jan. 30, 2014

What's Jacob Bushong's Lineage?
Spotted on the Internet

A query was recently spotted on the internet about lineage for Jacob Bushong (1806-1859), the father of Samuel L. Bushong, here...
  ...still trying to figure out this Jacob Bushong's parentage. I have posted about him, and the various other Jacob's in hopes of being able to solve the puzzle. So far no luck. ...January 2008, May 2009, June 2009, July 2009, August 2009, September 2009, October 2010, March 2013 and May 2013. Source: Boschong[sic] List
  Well, Jacob is one of almost 50 Jacob Bushong's in the Bushong United Family Tree. and was born July 2, 1806, in Shenandoah County, Virginia. He is also one of three Jacobs born that year, and he died 1859 in Ohio. Of all the charted Jacobs, there is only one, (born in 1912) whose lineage is not accounted for. See the list of 45 Jacob's born before 1930 or not living, Charted Jacob Bushong's. This particular Jacob Bushong is the son of John Jacob Bushong and Eva Catharina Bossert. His parents brought him as an infant from Virginia to Ohio, and he is proven by their wills.
BUSHONG LINEAGE: Samuel Lindsley Bushong/Jacob Bushong and Hannah Clark/ John Jacob Bushong and Eva Catharina Bossert/ John Bushong and Elizabeth Sprenkel/ Hans John and Barbara Bushong, the immigrants
full size will (recorded)
The recorded will of Jacob's father
written May 9 1827.
One of the witnesses was Andrew Clark.
9 May 1827. "I, Jacob Bushong of Harrison Twp., Stark Co OH, to my much beloved wife Eve Catharina; to my oldest son John, 30 acres off the west side of the quarter section I now live on; to sons Samuel, Jacob, William, & Peter, daughters Elizabeth Windell, Catharina Hively & Sarah Kleckner.... My loving wife Eve Catharina to be executor of this my last will.
Signed: Jacob Bushong.

Probated in court 16 Aug 1830 Source: Stark Co Ohio Will Book B p53
Enlarge the document by clicking on it or view the original scan at Ohio, Probate Records, 1789-1996 Stark Wills 1811-1850 vol A-B Image 304 of 555. Jacob's wife's estate also mentions their son Jacob, in her 1836 estate papers...
27 June 1836, the verbal will of Catharine Eve Bushong, being a "memorandum of the words spoken by Catharine Eve Bushong...son Jacob; son Peter; son William; William's wife Caty; daughter Caty Hively; wearing apperral to my sons' wives, Jacob's wife, William's wife, & Peter's wife."
Probated in court 5 July 1836. Source: Carroll Co OH Probate Record A p153
In 1833 Carroll County was formed from part of Starke County, so Eva did not move.
Jan 20, 2014

A New Son For George Bushong and Lydia Rush??
Henry Warren Bushong?

According to Ross County marriage records on at, in 1834, in Ross County, Ohio, Henry Bushong married a Mary Delay, From the same source, also in Ross County, three of George Bushong and Lydia Rush's known children were married there, two in 1830 and one in 1832. A couple of years ago, Damon Hostetler, created a small family chart for George Bushong and Lydia Rush, showing Henry Bushong, as one of their sons. It is published here... Damon Hostetler's Chart. But there is no supporting documentation shown or listed for this association. Mr Hostetler is currently unavailable to provide documentation, but in the next few months has said he will dig into his old research and look for it. So for now there is an unsourced association of Henry Bushong with possible parents, George and Lydia Bushong. There were no descendants charted. But Henry's wife, Mary's probate papers list descendants...
Petition to Sell Land

Said is set for hearing Tuesday, 19 February 1876 and said Administrator is ordered to notify said Defendants according to law.S. Kramer, Probate Judge. This day came the said Jesse Hill, Administrator of Mary Bushong and filed his petition for a sale of the Real Estate of said decedent to pay debts.......

...The said Mary Bushawn died leaving the following named persons her heirs at law, having the next estate of inheritance in and to said Real Estate to wit: William Bushawn who resides at Petersburg, Menard County, Illinois, Aaron Bushawn who resides at Mahomet, Champaign County, Illinois, Henry Bushawn who resides at Raymond, Union County, Ohio, Nancy Losh, Mary Hill, Sarah Jane Ashley, Samuel Ashley and James Ashley who reside in Hardin County, Ohio and Nancy Ashley who resides in Clark County, Ohio.

Your Petitioner therefore prays that said Heirs at Law may be made Defendants to this Petition, that they may be notified of the precedeency hereof according to law. That your Petitioner may be authorized to sell said Real Estate according to the Statute in such case made and provided at Private sale.

Jesse Hill, Administrator of Mary Bushong deceased.
15 June 1876
Hardin County Ohio Probate Court - 15 June 1876
Estate of Mary Bushong
Settlements 1875 - 1882, Volume 4-5
Image 97 of 664
Volume 4, Pages 138 - 144

  A tip of the hat to the Boschong[sic] List for transcribing some of the estate papers of Mary Bushong-Bushon-Bushawn from the LDS scans. But still it would be a lot more helpful if links were provided. Here's one of the links for the FamilySearch.Org-Ohio, Probate Records, 1789-1996, Hardin Settlements 1875-1882 vol 4-5. Image 97 of 664. With heirs listed in the probate records it's possible through to chart their family, and several descendants have now been charted in the Bushong United Family Tree.
   The question is of course: What caused some of them to change the spelling of their last name from Bushong to Bushawn? I suspect it had a lot to do with loss of property in Kentucky and Ohio and being mad at the government. Source: Boschong[sic] List
Mad at the Government? Highly unlikely. This in reference to Henry Warren Bushong's sons changing the spelling of their name to "Bushawn".

   A more reasonable explanation is literacy. After, their father, Henry died, thought to be in 1856, their mother, Mary, could not spell her husband's name and a misspelled version was allowed to be used. After all, it was rare for women of the day to be able to read and write. Additionally, son, William born about 1835 stated he could neither read or write in the 1870 census, (later in 1900 he said he could). So when her boys went off to join the Army during the Civil War, they misspelled their name. Afterwards, they kept the spelling, probably because all their service and hence pensions were tied to that spelling.

But as to whether Henry was a son of George Bushong and Lydia Rush, as shown in the discussion below, there is no Henry Warren Bushong mentioned. Also this is true of the other census lists where there is no association of him with George and Lydia. And even though this Henry was married in Ross County, as were several of George and Lydia's children, there's no other known association. Until there is proof, it's difficult to chart him as a son. When additional evidence is presented it can be reevaluated.

Jan 19, 2014

How Many Children Did George Bushong and Lydia Rush Have??
Was it 13? 15? Or 16??

  I wonder how many of you know that George Bushong and Lydia Rush had 15 children? Source: Boschong[sic] List - no sources given.
This is not original and actually it's a summation taken from Martha Creger Smith and Edward M. Bushong's compilation in an old 1986 Bushong Bulletin, Volume 2, pages 24 and 25, the same that was used as a basis for my now out of print, A Branch in the Bushong Family Tree, published 1989. This is the way it looked in 1989.
  1. Rosanna, born November 16, 1810
  2. A son, 1812
  3. Sarah, 1814
  4. Jackson, 1816
  5. James S., born April 15, 1818
  6. A daughter, 1819
  7. John, March 10, 1820
  8. Lewis, 1824
  9. George Jr., 1826
  10. A son, 1828
  11. Andrew, 1830
  12. Eliza, 1831
  13. Jefferson, 1834
  14. Maria, 1837
  15. Rachel, 1839
  16. .
   But actually a methodical study can prove 12 children of George Bushong and Lydia Rush. But first let's establish George's location for the census records.

  • 1820 Census, George Bushong, 1820, Franklin, Ross, Ohio
  • 1830 Census, George Bushong, 1830, Franklin, Ross, Ohio
    • 1834 George and Lydia moved to Riley, Putnam, Ohio - Hardesty's 1880 History of Putnam County, Ohio.
  • 1840 Census, George Bushong, 1840,Riley, Putnam, Ohio
  • 1850 Census, George Bushong, Riley, Putnam, Ohio family 71
  • 1860 Census, Geo Bushong, Pleasant Twp., Putnam, Ohio
  • 1870 Census, George Bushong, Providence Twp., Lucas County, Ohio - in household of Thomas and Rosannah Lake, son in law and daughter.
  • 1880 Census, George Bushong, Monroe, Allen, Ohio - in the house hold of Thomas Bunn, grandson.
George and Lydia's Children
  1. Rosanna (1810-1868), married James Bunn: George and Lydia are listed as parents in 1880 History of Putnam County, Ohio, published 1880 HH. Hardesty.
  2. Jane (1812-abt 1909), married Thomas Lake - same township 1850 Census,Riley, Putnam, Ohio, family 54, same household in 1870 Census, Also married same day as sister, Rosanna.See marriage record, below
  3. Sarah (1813-1894), married James D Wamsley - same township 1840 Census, next township over in 1850 Census, Pleasant Township, Putnam County, Ohio, family 411 1860 Census, Pleasant Township, Putnam County, Ohio, family 585
  4. Jackson (1815-1871) listed two households down from George in 1850 Census Riley, Putnam, Ohio, family 73
  5. James (1818-1895) George and Lydia are listed as parents in 1880 History of Putnam County, Ohio, published 1880 HH. Hardesty
  6. John (1820-1901) George and Lydia are listed as parents in 1880 History of Putnam County, Ohio, published 1880 HH. Hardesty
  7. Lewis (1824-1873) next household in 1850 Census Riley, Putnam, Ohio, family 72
  8. George(1826-1864) same household 1850 Census, Riley, Putnam, Ohio
  9. Andrew (1830-between 1850 and 1853)same township 1850 Census, Riley, Putnam, Ohio, family 40
  10. Eliza Bushong (1831-1841) tombstone in Pandora Cemetery inscribed Eliza dau of Geo & Lydia
  11. Jefferson (1833-1902) same household 1850 Census, Riley, Putnam, Ohio
  12. Maria "Mariah" Elizabeth Bushong (1836-1918) married Samuel Detwilder, 1860 Census, Pleasant Township, Putnam County, Ohio, family 647
Enlarge Marriage record of Rosannah and Jane Bushong July 30 1830 in Ross County, Ohio
Marriage record July 30 1830 in Ross County, Ohio
for sisters, Rosannah to James Bunn
and Jane Bushong and Thomas Lake
   This list published in 1907, is possibly the oldest accounting of George and Lydia's children and it shows 11 children...
    Ellery B. Crane's List
  1. Jane, born about 1808.
  2. Rev. Jackson, born about 1810, minister of the Christian Church
  3. Sarah, born 1812
  4. Anna, born about 1814
  5. Lewis, born about 1816
  6. James, born April 15, 1818;
  7. Rev. John, born 1820, died February, 1901; farmer and minister of the Christian Church;
  8. Andrew, born 1824 died in California, whither he went during the gold fever of 1849
  9. George, born about 1826; soldier in the civil war
  10. Jefferson, born about 1828
  11. Maria, born about 1830
Source: Historic homes and institutions and genealogical and personal ..., Volume 4 By Ellery Bicknell Crane published 1907 Page 300.

Admittedly, there are some inaccuracies in Mr. Crane's book, for one it says all the children were born in Putnam County, when some were born in Ross. But the number of children appears to be accurate, even, though it omits, two daughters, Rachel and Eliza, which is understandable due to their young deaths.

Jan 19, 2014

John Bushong's Doctor Bill
Sepr 4th 1825 -Updated

John Bushong(1760-1825) died in the Franklin Township, Ross County, Ohio, probably in October, 1825, the probate bond was issued October 24, 1825. But we don't know the actual date. But the doctor, David Wills, was called to attend to John in September. Here's his bill to the estate.

Enlarge Doctor's Bill

The bill, from John Bushong Senior's, probate papers for medicine and attendance by David Wills, his doctor. This bill was written the 27th of May, 1827, but there's a date noted for when the charge was made, and some of us think it looks like Sepr "4 th" 1825 or is it an "11 th"? It's quite likely that this was when John first became sick or was injured. But as you can see, below, there's a smear of ink on part of the date.

Doctor's enlarge    other See full sized document

But the smeared date, when compared with a different document's date, looks more like a "4", so the date is probably Sepr 4th, 1825. In addition, if you look at the full bill there's a number "46" next to attendance, could this be days, as in 46 days in attendance? It doesn't say. But 46 days after September 4th is October 20th. Did John die on October 20th 1825? And four days later probate was started?

John's doctor is listed on Find a Grave and from it we can see, Dr David Wills lived 1798-1873 and his bio confirms he was a Chillicothe, doctor. Seeing Dr Wills' memorial on Find a Grave, with a nice photo of his tombstone, as well as several other people seen in the probate papers, ads validity to documents as well as John Bushong's life. After all, they all played a part in John Bushong's life.

The complete set of probate papers from John Bushong Senior's file are now captioned and stored as part of the Bushong United Old Papers and Photos library. See them here...

Jan 9, 2014
updated Jan 13, 2014

John Bushong (1760-1825) Estate Papers
Husband of Jennette Young Summers and Elizabeth Breedlove

Click to enlarge
John Bushong senior's signature, February 19, 1824, extracted from
his estate papers, -image 356.
There are other examples of his signature.

Click to enlarge
Here's the full document. See the original scan of the document
here: -image 356

The estate papers of John Bushong, son of Andrew and Catherine Bushong, who was husband to first Jennette Young and second Elizabeth Breedlove, are published on, here. Estate Papers Start. They are images 393 to 477. They deal mostly with his second wife, Elizabeth Breedlove (maiden name not known). There are several inventories sheets, as well as on-going bills of John before he died. Mentioned in the papers are these descendants, John Bushong Jr. James Bushong, George Bushong, and Sarah(Sally) Bushong Mitchel, as well as her husband, John, and several of John's stepchildren. There are also several clear autographs of John Sr. and son George Bushong (1788-1880), as well as one of son, James, now spelling his name Bushong.

George Bushong's signature from 1826.
Here's John's son, George Bushong's signature extracted from a
September 22 1826 document. It matches other known signatures for him.
It is from - image 342

Knowing the
Rakestraw genealogy, specifically, that the parents, Thomas Rakestraw and Mary Lippincott had died
in the 1840's, it leaves only Henry Bushong, who was
Jacob's father, and his second wife, Esther Valentine. It was
Henry's daughter, Lydia who married Abraham Rakestraw.
Here's the full document. A bill from Charles Blane, that occurred
November 18, 1823 for 8 Sider[sic] $7.00 and 4 Apple $1.00 {bushels?}
See the original scan here: Family - image 342

These images here, have been cropped to the actual documents, and will enlarge if clicked on. But there are 84 pages in all, and I have copied most of them. Like these images, they are published here on the Bushong United Website, so everyone can see and study them. Look for more about these in the future. By the way, there is no will with the papers, but there is still much that can be gleaned from these almost 190 year old documents.

Jan 6, 2014

Is Lydia Rush the Daughter
of Lewis and Rosannah Rush?

George Bushong 1788-1880                Lydia Rush Bushong cropped and oval
George Bushong's signature from 1826.
George Bushong 1788-1880
Lydia Rush 1790-1864

While it is not proven that Lydia Rush, wife of George Bushong is a daughter of Lewis and Rosannah Rush/Roush, some researchers believe that she may be, even though there is one dissenting opinion...
  "Lydia Rush is not the daughter of Lewis Rush and wife Rosannah!" Source: Boschong[sic] List
This because Lydia was not mentioned in the will? But, it was a common occurrence, that not all children were mentioned in estates, and opinions aside, there are a considerable number of indicators, that she is. I lean in that direction. If there is any evidence proving that she is not, I would like to see it. Lacking that, there is incidental evidence, that when put together makes a fairly strong argument that she is a daughter of Lewis and Rosannah Rush and sister of Eleanor. This considering the fact that the first Bushong descendants to be named Lewis were children and grandchildren of the alleged sisters, Lydia Rush Bushong and Eleanor Rush Bushong.

  1. Lydia and her sister, Eleanor were both married in Ross County, seven years apart, (1809 and 1816)
  2. Lydia and George Bushong named their first born, Rosannah in 1810, (after her mother)
  3. Rosannah Bushong's nickname is Roseanny, her grandmother, is called Rosanny Rush
  4. Lydia and George Bushong named a son, Lewis in 1824 (after her father)
  5. Lydia and George Bushong's son, John Bushong and Sarah Smith named a son Lewis in 1842 (after his grandfather)
  6. Lydia and George Bushong's daughter Rosannah Bushong named a son Lewis (Bunn) in 1857, (after her grandfather)
  7. Lydia and George Bushong's grandson, John Stout Bushong named a son Lewis Bushong in 1881, (after his great grandfather)
  8. George Bushong's brother, John Jr., married one of Lewis and Rosannah Rush's daughter's, Eleanor
  9. John Bushong and Eleanor Rush named a daughter Lydia in 1828 (after her sister)

  10. Sources: Located in Bushong United Family Tree, individual notes.
There are also plenty of descendants named Lewis in John Bushong and Eleanor Rush's tree, which is as expected, including a son, Lewis born in 1818. As such, the name Lewis was started in the Bushong tree in honor of Lewis Rush. So for now, we can say that Lewis and Rosannah Rush/Roush are Eleanor Rush Bushong's parents and they are likely Lydia's, too. But it still needs more research, just like the possibility that John Adam Roush (1711-1786) and Susan Schlern are Lewis' parents.
BUSHONG LINEAGE: George Bushong/ *John Bushong and Jennette Young Summers/ Anthony Andrew and Catherine Bushong/ Johann Nicholas and Magdalena Boschung, the immigrants. *George's paternity is traditionally John Bushong, but one son's descendants, didn't match Bushong DNA.

Jan 4, 2014

Lewis Rush's Original 1815 Will
Father of Eleanor Rush Bushong and Probably Lydia Rush Bushong

Lewis Rush original will, click to enlarge
"In the name of God. Amen.
I, Lewis Rush of Ross County, Franklin Township, in the State of Ohio, Being weak in Body But in Perfect senses, Do make this my last Will and Testament in manner and form following to wit, VIZ: That is to say, I give and recommend my Soul into the hands of Almighty God who gave it.
I make and publish this my last Will and Testament in manner and form following: That is to say, In the first place to pay all my Just Debts and Demands. I have given and bequeathed to my Daughter alander[sic] one father[sic] bed and clothing. And Lastly as to all the Rest Residue and Remainder of my personal Estate, goods and chattels of what kind and nature --. I give and bequeath the same to my said Beloved wife Rosanny Rush whom I hereby appoint sale Executrix of this my last Will and Testament hereby revoking all former Wills by me made.
In Witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal the 8th day of June in the year One thousand Eight hundred and Fifteen.
Lewis Rush
His X Mark and Seal

Signed, Sealed, Published and Declared by the above named Lewis Rush to be his last Will and Testament in the Presence of us who have hereunto Subscribed our names as witnesses in the presence of the Testator."

John Bishong
James Bishong
Sarey Barny

Source: Ross County Ohio Probate Case Files (1803 - 1866) No. 6931 - 6997 #6946, LDS Images 947 - 953 (of 1769).
  A tip of the hat to the Boschong[sic] List, for pointing out and transcribing the Lewis Rush/Roush/Rousch/Rausch Will, located at But, it would save time and encourage participation if links were provided, like these, Lewis Rush will on, part 1 and part 2. They also queried what the word was, after "I bequeath to my Daughter" alander.

To answer, I believe "alander" is a misspelled "Elender", a nick name for his daughter, Eleanor Rush, who was unmarried at the time. Since on their 1816 marriage record, her name is Elender, we can say that this is the Eleanor, who married John Bushong Jr., and complete the familial association. Here's the marriage record...

"John Bishong junior and Elender Rush, May 12th 1816"

There's also a possibility that Lydia Rush, who married George Bushong, is a daughter of Lewis Rush, too. This from several tree's with no source, and the inference that brothers John Jr. and George married Rush sisters. We can't say for sure, because there's also a possibility that Lewis was the son of John Adam Roush, (it still needs vetting) and John had a lot of sons.

The original document was written by John Bushong Jr. and there is a nice signature for him and his brother, James, that can be extracted from it, too.

John Bushong Jr. (1797-1895) and James Bushong, (abt 1784-1824) signatures.

The rest of the Lewis Rush Estate papers have been saved here.
BUSHONG LINEAGE: James and John Bushong Jr./ John Bushong and Jennette Young Summers/ Anthony Andrew and Catherine Bushong/ Johann Nicholas and Magdalena Boschung, the immigrants.
Jan. 2, 2014

Isaac Newton Bushong and Grace Watts
1911 Marriage Announcement

The Bushong - Watts wedding announcement.

Dr. Grace D. Watts, Evanston, Ill., daughter of Mrs. T. Murray Watts of Canton, Pa., was married to Isaac Newton Bushong, of Gladstone, Mich., April 11. Only a few intimate friends and relatives witnessed the ceremony. Mr. and Mrs. Bushong left immediately for a trip through the South and East, including a stay at Washington, D. C., and New Orleans, La. They will be at home after June 15 in Gladstone, Mich.

I. N. Bushong is well known to the slack cooperage trade, having been in the business for many years, and is now associated and one of the large stockholders with the Northwestern Cooperage & Lumber Co., of Gladstone, Mich. This company is one of the largest manufacturers of slack staves, hoops and heading in the North; has a large veneer plant and lumber mill and hardwood flooring plant, in addition, to large timber holdings in the Northern Peninsula.

The many friends of Mr. Bushong, including the editor of the Barrel and Box, extend to him and his bride heartiest congratulations and wish them many happy years to come.
Source: Barrel and Box and Packages, Volume 16, Published 1911, By Edgar Harvey Defebaugh, Page 27. Barrel and Box
There are four Isaac Newton Bushongs in the Bushong United Family Tree. They are born all over, including Pennsylvania, Virginia, Kentucky, and Ohio. This Isaac was born in Ohio-Columbus Grove, Ohio, in Putnam County, on Sep. 18, 1855 and he lived until May 7 1932. He is a well known and successful Bushong entrepreneur, and had interests in many businesses, of which one manufactured barrel parts. In 1911, about six and a half years after, his first wife, Mary Alice Scott, (Jan 29, 1856 to Oct. 20, 1904), died, Isaac married a second time to, Dr. Grace D. Watts, (1868 to 1928). In 1911, one of the trade magazines, published the above wedding announcement with the photograph of Isaac and his new bride, Grace.
BUSHONG LINEAGE: Isaac Newton Bushong/ John Bushong and Sarah Smith/ George Bushong and Lydia Rush/ John Bushong and Jennette Young Summers/ Anthony Andrew Bushong and Catherine/ Johann Nicholas and Magdalena Bushong, the immigrants
Dec. 29, 2013

more on Isaac...
Isaac Newton Bushong's Home
Planned for Leipsic, Ohio

This is Isaac's plans for a beautiful home, pictured in about 1897. It was thought to have been built in Leipsic, Ohio, but is not found there. Possibly it was made in Gladstone, Michigan, where he lived for many years? It's interesting they note it as costing $8,000.
The floor plans of Isaac's house. Care to build one?
The Isaac Newton Bushong Leipsic Home Plans from Homes Illustrated,
from around 1897, illustrations 81 and 82.

Dec. 29, 2013

Jacob Bushong's Underground Railway Activity
"a quiet but devoted laborer in the cause of freedom"

On to Liberty, 1867, by Theodor Kaufmann, (1814-1896). Oil on canvas

Before the Civil War, Jacob Bushong, whose daguerreotype photograph was recently found, (see article, here Jacob Bushong Daguerreotype Discovered), was a noted conductor for the Pennsylvania Underground Railway.

Jacob Bushong, ca 1855. Photo extracted from daguerreotype.
Jacob Bushong, (1813-1880) was called, "a quiet but devoted laborer in the cause of freedom", working on the Undergrouond Railroad. It was a neighborhood affair and much of the Bushong family participated. Along with his father and stepmother, Henry and Esther as well as a brother or two, they helped smuggle run-away slaves to freedom for many years.

There is a good article, A House Divided in Leben Magazine, published Oct-Dec issue, 2011, (link below). The article is based on The History of the Underground Railroad in Chester and the Neighboring Counties of Pennsylvania, (1883), by Robert Clemen Smedley. pages 71-77.
BUSHONG LINEAGE: Jacob Bushong/ Henry Bushong and Sarah Gilbert/ Johannes John Bushong and Eve Dorothea Eckman/ Hans Philip Bushong and Anna Eva Hergard/ Hans and Barbara Bushong, the immigrants.
Here is an excerpt of A House Divided.
"About the year 1831, a person calling himself William Wallace, but whose slave name was "Snow," came to Wm. Kirk's in West Lampeter township, Lancaster county. Here he worked for some time, then went to Joshua Gilbert's in Bart township, and afterwards was employed by Henry Bushong, who had now removed to Bart township, and whose place became one of the Underground Railroad stations. After remaining there two years, his wife and child were brought to him from one of the Carolinas. He then took a tenant house on the place, in which he and his family resided two years longer. While there another child was born to them.

In the summer of 1835 while he and Jacob Bushong were at work in the barn they observed four men in a two-horse wagon drive into the lane, accompanied by two men on horse-back. Jacob thought them a "suspicious looking crowd," and told Wallace to keep out of sight while he went out to meet them. They inquired if Mr. Wallace lived there. Jacob replied in the negative, satisfying his conscience by means of the fact that William lived at the tenement house, but worked for him. Pointing towards Wallace's house they asked if his family lived there; to which he made no reply. Leaving their horses in charge of two of the men, they went to the house, tied his wife, brought her and the oldest child to the wagon, loaded them in, took them to the Lancaster county jail, and lodged them there. The youngest child being born on free soil was left with a colored woman who happened to be in the house at the time. From there they went to John Urick's, a colored man, whose wife had escaped from slavery with Wallace's wife. They bound her, took her to jail also, and had the two women placed in the same cell while they started out on another hunt.

The startling news soon spread throughout the country, and was immediately carried to that foremost friend of the slave, Daniel Gibbons. Very early next morning the two women came to his house. The family would not have been more surprised had an apparition come suddenly into their midst. When asked how they came, one of them said, "I broke jail." "How did you do it?".........
The article continues and has other anecdotes, all informative, but unfortunately, the author, did not research Jacob's and the Bushong's history, reprinting the same old mistakes, that the Bushong descend from Beauchamp, and were French Huguenot, both, known fallacies. Mr. Smedley's book is also worth reading. In the Leben magazine, there is also an article about the Field of Lost Shoe's about the VMI Cadets, which contains an account written by Edward Mark Bushong, a veteran soldier, also a good read. Here are links.
Dec. 27, 2013

So what ever happened to Captain Tymperton?
"a Man well known and respected for his comical facetious disposition"

By now, most will be familiar with Constable Tymperton, aka Captain Tymperton the Captain of the Pink "John and William", that Johann Nicholas Bushong and family immigrated in. But, what ever happened to him after his ruinous transatlantic crossing in 1732? Well, the ships records don't even mention a first name and it isn't certain, but given the rarity of the surname and the spelling of it, Tymperton, instead of the more common "Temperton", as well as, someone called Captain Tymperton, it seems like a good bet that this Captain is the one. And after you see what he's doing, you may think he was better suited to this calling than sailing.

Exposition on the Common prayer, February 22 1737 No.XXXII

Found in the Exposition on the Common Prayer, February 22 1737 No.XXXII

Captain Tymperton, Master of Will's Coffee House, to succeed him. (no elargement)

And translated... rather transcribed - "We hear from Scarborough, that last Week died there the famous Dickey Dickinson, Master of the Spaw Wells, remarkable for his Deformity and his Impudence. The Bailiffs, we hear have appointed Captain Tymperton, Master of Wills Coffee House, to succeed him, a Man well known and respected for his comical facetious Disposition. The Corporation have resolv'd to build a new and commodious House for the Company, on a Rock beyond Dickey's Pier, which will be a much better Situation, and out of Danger of any Shoots from the Cliffs, and screen'd more from the Wind." Source: Exposition on the Common Prayer
He's the Master of a coffee house in, Scarborough, a port town on the North Sea coast of North Yorkshire, England! He had been at Will's Coffee House on Russell Street, Covent Garden, (northwest corner of Bow Street), in London. Will's Coffee House, was a very well known coffee house, beginning in the 1660's.[source] And with a little more searching...
 Dickey Dickinson masterof Spaw Wells. width=2040 height=3396
Extracted from the London Magazine, "It is stated that Dickinson was buried at the old church at Scarborough, but there does not appear that any monument was erected to him. On a flat stone, facing the south entrance of that church, is inserted a metal plate bearing the following inscription to the memory of Dicky Dickinson's successor in office:"

"Here lyeth the body of Mr. William Tymperton, late Governour of Scarborough Spaw, who departed this Life on the 12th day of January, 1755, aged 65."
Source: Notes and Queries, published 1860, Page 110
It appears, around four years after the Pink "John and William" debacle, our Captain Tymperton is being touted as the replacement for the eccentric late Dicky Dickinson, Master, of Spaw Wells, that was a locally famous spaw (spring), and apparently featured a coffee house. From this, we can gather that, Captain William Tymperton, was born in 1690 and he was buried in 1755, in the Scarborough Church Cemetery, North Yorkshire, England. That would make him about 42 years old, when he would have sailed the Pink "John and William".

In England, in the latter part of 17th century on through the 18th century, coffee houses became the rage. They sold coffee for a penny a cup, becoming known as Penny Universities and were filled with a caffeine-charged clientele. Apparently it took someone like Tymperton, "a Man well known and respected for his comical facetious Disposition" to keep up with the amped-up customers. It appears he was better at it than captaining a ship, since they noted it on his tombstone!
Happy Holidays!
Dec 24, 2013

Captain Diemer's Commission
"to beat up for Volunteers"

Capt Diemer's Commission, (sorry only enlarges a little).
image will enlarge a little.

Some may recall Capt. John Diemer, who was the Kings officer who pressed Anthony Andrew Bushong, the immigrant into the King's Militia. Andrew was enlisted by Diemer Aug. 5 1746.(read excerpt)

Way, back in December 1, 2001, the auction house of Goldberg Coins & Collectibles, in Los Angeles, California, sold Diemer's original June 5 1746 Royal Commission. Here's their description of Lot 229...

Thomas, George. Manuscript Document Signed("Geo. Thomas"). One page, small oblong folio, Philadelphia, June 5, 1746. Being a military commission for one John Diemer. Paper and wax seal intact. Toning to edges, minor chipping, verso of folds strengthened with tape, minor surface soil. Very good condition. Estimated Value $1,200 - 1,500. Realized $920

Commissioned a captain, Diemer is authorized " beat up for Volunteers within the said Government in order to raise a Company which is to consist of one hundred Men including four Sergeants, Four Corporals and Two Drummers, of which you are to be Captain, Provided you shall complete your Levy in time for Marching the said Company to Albany...for an Expedition against Canada."

At over 250 years old, it's obviously a valuable artifact, yet it's just a piece of paper. But what I find interesting, is without this piece of paper, there would have been no commission for Diemer, and Andrew Bushong, probably would have had a much different life. This Royal Commission was quite possibly held by Andrew himself, so he could read the legal justification Diemer had to "Enlist" him. I had to look up the expression beat up for Volunteers, but it refers to the use of a drum to rally volunteers and troops, as in ordering a Drum to beat up for Volunteers. It's amazing this artifact is still around after all these years, and although the only photo available is small, I feel we're lucky to have even it, from 12 years back.

Dec 10 2013

From the "You Can't Believe Everything You Read" Department
Benjamin Franklin Bushong 1859-1934

  Benjamin Franklin Bushong Died in Infancy Source: Boschong[sic] List

This month it was spotted on the internet that Martin Bushong and Catherine Sharp Bushong's son, Benjamin Franklin Bushong, died in infancy! I'll bet Franklin's (he went by his middle name) descendants, would be very surprised to know, they don't exist!

    Born in 1859, Franklin lived until 1934. He had two wives and six children. Franklin is buried in the Mellinger Mennonite Cemetery, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. He has a Find a Grave memorial complete with a tombstone that confirms the dates.

It was also speculated that Franklin's father, Martin, was not the son of Jonathan Bushong and Ann Martin, solely because their grandson, Rufus Martin Bushong, said in his father's death report that his father was John Bushong and his mother was Kate Martin, noting the Martin family did not have a Katherine "Kate" listed". But, Kate is obviously Ann's first or middle name, either or Rufus made a mistake. A mistake would be easy to believe, since Rufus' grandparents had died over 30 years before he was even born! Further, Ann, his grandmother, had been dead more than 60 years when Rufus filled out his father's death report.
BUSHONG LINEAGE: Benjamin Franklin Bushong/ Martin Bushong and Catherine Sharp/ Jonathan Bushong and Ann Martin/ Philip Bushong and Margaret Smith/ Hans Philip Bushong and Anna Eva Hergard/ Hans and Barbara Bushong, the immigrants
Dec. 7, 2013

Tracing Your Huguenot Ancestors Pod Cast

The immigrant Bushong families of both brothers, Hans John and Johann Nicholas were members of the Swiss Reformed faith when they arrived in 1731 and 1732 respectively. When they attended church in Pennsylvania, it was in Reformed Churches. They were not Huguenot's, but the term was so loosely used in the 18th century, that many immigrants were lumped into that category. But I found this audio Pod-cast very interesting. Dr. Chater obviously knows her genealogy and 18th century immigrants.

Author: Dr Kathleen Chater
Published date: 14 December 2012
Between the 16th and 18th centuries, many thousands of refugees fled from religious persecution in the Low Countries and France. These refugees left descendants in Britain and many people have family stories of Huguenot descent. This talk will help you find out if you too have an asylum seeker in your own family tree.

Dr Kathleen Chater has been tracing her own family history for over 30 years. She has taught genealogy and has written books and articles on the subject, including Tracing Your Huguenot Ancestors and Tracing Your Family Tree in England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales. Kathy is a member of the Huguenot Society.

The Pod-cast is about 52 minutes long, and I recommend it.

  Listen Here... Tracing Huguenot Ancestors

Dec. 1, 2013


Feature Articles

The Origin of the
Bushong-Boschung Surname

For well over a hundred years, American genealogists, have been documenting and charting the Bushong surname. A name which is derived from a native tongue that most, if not all of them, are completely unfamiliar with - Schweizerdeutsch or translated, Swiss German....
Read More

The 1930 Census
Bushongs Are Charted

In a genealogical charting project, completed in December 2011, the entire Bushong Family as found in the 1930 U.S. Census, was charted state by state, Bushong by Bushong from All the 1930 Census information was entered into a modern and easily searched and archived database, a GEDCOM. The results....
Read More

DNA Proves One
Original Bushong Line

Down through the generations, there's always been family genealogists who believed the Bushong Family, consisted of literally dozens of family lines, with numerous immigrants arriving on American shores in the Colonial period. Then, in 2011...
Read More

The Immigrant
Anthony Andrew Bushong
Part 1: Pennsylvania Years

In 1732, when Andreas Boschung, arrived in a tiny ship in Philadelphia, there was no telling what the future held for him. But this young lad, not yet 16, was to begin one of the two American Bushong family lines. Following a life of exploration in the new world, he would know losses as well as rewards. His often danderous journey...
Read More
Start with Foreword

The Immigrant
Anthony Andrew Bushong
Part 2: Andrew's Return

In America, war began again in 1754. The long simmering problems between Britain, France, and the Indian Nations, including the Delaware and Shawnee, erupted...
Read More

Beyond Bushong Part 1:
Johann Nicholas Boschung
Pennsylvania and Germany

For the chance of new lives, new freedoms and new opportunities, Johann Nicholas Boschung, his wife, Magdalena, and their children, risked it all. They endured intense hardship, hunger and suffering to sail to America, even probably watching a son die on the voyage...
Read More

Beyond Bushong Part 2:
Der Schweizerische Boschung
(A Swiss Family Boschung)

The newly identified, Hans John Boschung (Senior), discussed in Part One, immigrated to Pennsylvania sometime before 1719. As established, he and his wife, Anna Maria, are the parents of Nicholas and brother, John, (Junior). Given this, it is natural to look to the charts with the hope of extending their ancestry...
Read More

Pink "John and William"
Captain Tymperton
The Immigrants Voyage

On the west bank of the Philadelphia Harbor in 1732, a small ship, named "John and William" finally pulled along side of the docks and cast its lines. It was very late, and out of eleven ships, that carried immigrants to Pennsylvania that year, it was the last to arrive...
Read More

Voyage of the
Pink "John and William"

The story continues...
the dead and the mutineers...
...the return trip to Lisbon...
...a surprising new career
for Captain Tymperton...
"John and William" as a slave ship and her shocking end ....
Read More

Murder Lurks
on the
Pink "John and William"

In 1732, a long and lethal transatlantic crossing, ended when the Pink "John and William," finally docked in Philadelphia. For the entire voyage, none aboard were aware, that one amongst them was being stalked by more than starvation and disease. None but one, a fellow voyager, whom they trusted. But this voyager was no immigrant, seeking freedom...
Read More

 Land Warrant Survey Maps Lancaster and Dauphin Co. Pennsylvania

Select warrant survey maps, centering around Andrew Bushong and Hans Bushong, from Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, and Dauphin County when it was created ...
Read More

John Bushong Senior
1825 Ohio Estate Papers

These are the Probate/Estate papers of John Bushong Senior, (1760-1825) whose first wife was Jennette Young Summers and second wife was the widow Elizabeth Breedlove. The collection of documents range from 1822 thru 1825 and up to 1830...
Read More

Jacob Bushong
Daguerreotype Discovered
In Rare Charter Oak Case

I was recently contacted by a Daguerreotype collector, who I'm pleased to announce has discovered and acquired a photograph of one of Henry Bushong (1783-1870) and Sarah Gilbert's (1787-1831) family...
Read More

Bushong-Rakestraw Daguerreotypes
Are Sold!

What a family treasure to lose! Eleven Images from the Bushong Rakestraw Clan were sold On March 9, 2013, at the Daguerreian Society 2013 Symposium Annual Benefit Auction....
Read More

The Sallie Gilbert Hagee
Identified Photo Album

What an exciting find and rare opportunity! Forty-nine newly rediscovered photographs. All in an original and untouched, Civil War era photo album. Also, it's fully identified with a total of 23 surnames! In this world, there are so many old photos without names and so many ancestors, who've never been seen...
Read More

The 180 Year Old Bushong Place,
Roanoke, Virginia

There are three beautiful black and white photographs, taken in the 1930's, of a two story brick house in Roanoke Virginia, titled "Bushong Farm, Salem Vicinity, Roanoke County, Virginia", in the Library of Congress...
Read More

Albert Bushong, Dentist
Doc Bushong, Catcher

Albert John Bushong, DDS, better known as "Doc Bushong" was one of the most famous Major League Baseball catchers of the 19th century, and is one of a few actual celebrities in the Bushong family. He was also a major contributor to the final transformation of the catcher's mitt...
Read More

John Chester Bushong

John Chester Bushong was born near Columbus Grove, Putnam County, Ohio, but his quest for knowledge and his passion for photography took him many places. Successful in numerous pursuits, including, Inventor, Entrepreneur, Artist, Musician, Bicycle Racer, Bronco-rider, and Photography, he truly was, a man for all seasons...
Read More

The Front Page
At a Glance

The Front Page listed in chronological order and Feature Articles listed...
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